您现在的位置: 外语爱好者网站 >> 英语 >> 中学英语 >> 正文

高考英语复习完形填空练习

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2020/6/12

高考英语复习完形填空练习
   先通读短文,掌握其大意,然后从A、B、C、D四个选项中选出一个可以填入相应空白处的最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。
  (一)
   The habits of chewing gum has lasted for more than a century. Millions of people all ___1___ the world chew billions of pieces of gum every year.
   Chewing gum became popular in the United States mainly ___2___ of the work of one man, William Wrigley, ___3___ for many years was the head of the Wrigley Company. Earlier Thomas Adams first began his experiment in about the ___4___ 1870. It was he who first made the gum soft and pleasant to chew. But it was not until Wrigley joined the business in about 1890 ___5___ people everywhere began to pick up the habit of chewing gum.
   Wrigley liked to do ___6___ in a big way. In his first year, he borrowed money and ___7___ more than a million dollars in advertising. For years, there was a large Wrigley’s ___8___ on every streetcar in the United States. ___9___ complained that they could not go ___10___ without seeing Wrigley’s name. Wrigley even ___11___, free of charge, pieces of gum to every person ___12___ the telephone book of every city and town in the United States. Finally he began to advertise that it was ___13___ for health to chew gum, that it calmed the nerves[神經], and that it helped keep the teeth ___14___.
   He used to give the gum free to ___15___ child in the United States on its second birthday. He ___16___ young women who, in long, orange-striped dresses would go from city to city in groups of four or five, ___17___ at street corners and give free sample of chewing gum to every person who passed by. ___18___ this way each woman gave away about five thousand ___19___ of Wrigley’s gum every day. As a result of this pains-taking advertising, people in the United States began to buy ___20___ chewing gum.
  ( )1. A. about B. over C. of D. across
  ( )2. A. since B. as C. because D. for
  ( )3. A. that B. who C. whom D. period
  ( )5. A. that B. in which C. when D. where
  ( )6. A. jobs B. work C. things D. tasks
  ( )7. A. spent B. took C. cost D. paid
  ( )8. A. information B. advertisement C. pictures D. business
  ( )9. A. Anybody B. People C. Men D. Passengers
  ( )10. A. everywhere B. nowhere C. anywhere D. somewhere
  ( )11. A. carried B. sent C. brought D. took
  ( )12. A. in B. on C. at D. by
  ( )13. A. good B. bad C. harm D. wrong
  ( )14. A. dirty B. clean C. hard D. strong
  ( )15. A. every B. all C. many D. most

  ( )16. A. asked B. employed C. wanted D. wished
  ( )17. A. watch B. sat C. stand D. wait
  ( )18. A. By B. On C. In D. At
  ( )19. A. pieces B. packets C. bags D. boxes
  ( )20. A. less and less B. more and more
  C. more or less          D. fewer and fewer
  (二)
  Every country has its own culture
   Even though each country uses doors. Doors many have ___1___ functions and purposes which lead to ___2___ differences.
   When I first came to America, I noticed that a public building had two different ___3___ and they had distinct functions. You have to push the door with the word “PUSH” to go out of the building and to pull the door with the word “PULL” to ___4___the building. This was new to me, because we use the ___5___ door in south Korea. For quite a few times I failed to go out of a shopping centre and was embarrassed.
   The way of using school bus doors was also ___6___ to me. I used to take the school bus to classes. The school decided that when the driver opened both the front and back doors, ___7___ who were getting off the bus should get off first, and students who were getting on should get on ___8___. In south Korea, we do not need to wait for people to get off. One morning, I hurried to the bus, and when the bus doors opened, I ___9___ tried to get on the school bus through the front door. All the students around looked at me, I was totally ___10___, and my face went red.
  ( )1. A. different B. important C. practical D. unusual
  ( )2. A. national B. embarrassing C. cultural D. amazing
  ( )3. A. exits B. entrances C. signs D. doors
  ( )4. A. enter B. leave C. open D. close
  ( )5. A. main B. same C. front D. back
  ( )6. A. annoying B. hard C. satisfying D. strange
  ( )7. A. parents B. students C. teachers D. drivers
  ( )8. A. sooner B. later C. faster D. earlier
  ( )9. A. politely B. patiently C. unconsciously D. slowly
  ( )10. A. embarrassed B. annoyed C. unsatisfied D. excited
  參考答案与解析
  (一)
   本文讲述的是咀嚼口香糖这种习惯的发展史。它之所以在美国盛行,主要是因为 Wrigley所采取的花巨资做广告、免费赠送口香糖等措施促成的。
   1. B。all over the world 意为“全世界”。全世界数百万的人每年咀嚼数十亿块口香糖。
   2. C。because of 意为“因为”,后接名词等。
   3. B。先行词 William Wrigley 指人,因此引导非限制性定语从句并在从句中作主语的关系代词用 who。
   4. A。in the year 1870= in 1870,意为“在 1870年”。
   5. A。not until强调句结构,由“It is / was + not until… +that + 其他部分”构成。

   6. C。根据下文内容可知 Wrigley 喜欢大规模地做事。
   7. A。spend…in doing sth 意为“花费时间或金钱干某事”。
   8. B。根据上文可推知答案。他花费巨资做广告,几年来,美国每辆路面电车上都有Wrigley的广告。
   9. B。由上文内容可知,人们对此有些抱怨。
   10. C。anywhere 可用于疑问句、否定句或 if 引导的条件状语从句中,意为“任何地方”。
   11. B。Wrigley 甚至把口香糖免费送给姓名出现在美国每个城镇的电话薄里的每个人。
   12. A。在电话簿里用介词 in。
   13. A。be good for 意为“对…有益”。最后他開始登广告说咀嚼口香糖对健康有好处。
   14. B。咀嚼口香糖有助于保持牙齿清洁。
   15. A。能够修饰单数名词 child 的选项只有A。
   16. B。他雇用了一些年轻女性。
   17. C。根据常识可知那些年轻女性是站在街道拐角处向过往的人赠送口香糖。
   18. C。in this way 为习惯用语,意为“这样,以这种方式”。
   19. A。以这种方式,每个女性每天赠送约5000块口香糖。
   20. B。由于这种煞费苦心的广告,美国人开始买越来越多的咀嚼口香糖了。
  (二)
   本文主要讲不同国家门的由于其功能不同,所以使用方式也不同。
   1. 答案为A。根据本段的第一句可推知答案。
   2. 答案为C。根据本段的第一句可知,门的功能不同导致了文化差异。
   3. 答案为D。根据第一段可知,本文主要是谈论各个国家“门”文化的不同;对比根据前段中Doors may have…functions和本句话后面的and they (指代空格内容) had distinct function,不难得出答案是D;另外,后面的第25题处也暗示此题只能选D。
   4. 答案为A。由于是与 go out of the building 相对,所以应是 enter the building 才对。
   5. 答案为B。与前面23题的 different doors 相对,显然此处应是 the same door。注意:第25题和第23题可以互相参照。
   6. 答案为D。根据前一段中的This was new (not familiar, not experienced before ) to me 可知,对我来说,门的使用方式“也”很陌生(注:与new同义应是strange)”。
   7. 答案为B。根据由与之前列的 and students who were getting on should get on…可推知答案。
   8. 答案为B。根据前面的first同时结合常识可知答案,即先下后上。
   9. 答案为C。由前文可知,因韩国不必等别人下了再上的习惯,作者习惯这样了,所以看到校车将门打开后,就“无意识地”上车了。
   10. 答案为A。由于周围所有的人都看着自己,自然就“感到尴尬”了,所以脸也就红了。

高考英语复习:阅读理解
高考英语复习:英语写作
高考英语复习:代词
高考英语复习:动词短语
高中英语动词短语
高考英语复习完形填空练习:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/202006/59016.html
  • 下一篇文章: 没有了