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英语书面表达备考策略及考前预测

日期: 来源:本站原创收集编辑:外语爱好者

 一、英语书面表达命题趋势和方向

  近年的英语高考试题集中体现落实立德树人的根本任务,体现英语学科的育人功能。同时,试题也具备一定的难度和较好的梯度,体现高考的选拔功能。从2019年《英语考试说明》提供的高考样题来看,2019年的高考英语仍然会坚持在平稳中求发展,在继承中求创新;英语试题将继续坚持以人为本的价值取向,在全面考查考生综合语言运用能力的基础上,突出基础性和综合性考查,加强应用性和创新性考查,通过积极弘扬优秀传统文化,凸显教育的人文情怀。
  2019年《英语考试说明》有两点变化,我们应予以足够的重视。
  (一)样题出现变化
  2018年以前的样题是:
  假定你是李华,计划和同学去敬老院(nursing home)陪老人们过重阳节(the Double Ninth Festival)。请给外教露西写封邮件,邀请她一同前往,内容包括:
  1.出发及返回时间;2.活动:包饺子、表演节目等。
  注意:1.词数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;3.结语已为你写好。
  2019年的样题为:
  假定你是李华,你的英国朋友Peter来信询问你校体育活动项目开展情况,请给他写封回信,要点如下:
  1.你校运动场情况介绍;2.开展的体育项目;3.你喜欢的项目。
  注意:1.词数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  笔者认为,今后英语书面表达的话题将与校园生活密切相关,命题人更加关注青少年的身心健康和全面发展,通过英语书面表达试题,对我国近年来中小学开展的素质教学成果进行深入考查。因此,在备考复习时,我们应在立足于弘扬中国传统文化的基础上,重视与素质教育相关的话题写作训练,发挥英语学科的育人功能,培养考生健全的人格,促进考生综合素质的提升。
  (二)评分原则前新增一段说明
  在书面表达样题后,评分原则的前面新增了这样一段说明文字:书面表达题旨在考查考生的英语写作能力,评价其能否运用相关常识和语言知识进行有效的文字表达,完成特定的交际任务。本题要求考生给英国朋友写封回信,答复他所询问的学校的体育运动开展的情况,引导考生关注体育运动和身心健康,弘扬体育精神。
  这段文字清楚地说明了书面表达题的考查宗旨和目的,暗示了2019年书面表达题的命题趋势和导向:书面表达题不仅考查考生的英语写作能力,评价考生准确运用所学相关常识和语言知识进行跨文化交际的能力,而且引导考生培养正确的人生观、价值观,促进考生身心健康发展。
  2019年《英语考试说明》的变化带给我们三点重要的启示。
  1.书面表达题将继续以考查提纲作文为主,提示的方式仍以文字提示为主。
  2.提示的内容越来越少,旨在为考生留下较大的自由发挥的空间,凸显对考生思维品质和创新能力的考查。
  3.倡导核心素养背景下以人为本的教学理念,写作话题密切联系校园生活,发挥试题的教育功能,促进青少年的健康成长,对当前的教学将起到很好的促进作用。
  二、积极应对《英语考试说明》变化,及时调整备考策略
  针对《英语考试说明》发生的细微变化,我们应及时调整书面表达备考策略,进行系统的写作训练,逐步提升写作技能,确保在高考中圆满完成写作任务,具体做法如下。
  (一)充分利用高考真题,逐步提升写作能力
  往年的高考书面表达试题是非常好的学习资源,通过认真仿写往年的高考试题,背诵经典范文,我们可以逐步提升英语写作能力。以2018年全国卷Ⅲ的英语书面表达题为例,在练习写作时我们应注意以下几点。
  1. 确定框架结构,明确每段写作内容
  根据试题说明,考生应给英国朋友Peter写一封邮件,介绍本校体育活动开展的情况。本文的写作体裁属于电子邮件,格式与英语书信相同,应包括三个段落。
  第一段是开场白,陈述写信的背景和写信目的。第二段是书信的主体段,详细把写作提纲中的三个要点陈述清楚:(1)你校运动场情况介绍;(2)开展的体育项目;(3)你喜欢的项目。第三段是客套话,用表示祝愿的话来结束写作。
  2. 围绕写作提纲,适当增加细节
  在整体把握写作框架和细化每段写作内容的基础上,根据行文的需要,适当增加一些细节,使写出的短文内容充实,行文流畅。例如在介绍学校运动场时,可以介绍运动场修建的时间、占地面积、体育设施、可容纳参加锻炼的师生人数等细节;在陈述自己喜爱的体育运动时,应包括自己为什么喜欢这种活动,从事这种运动给自己带来什么好处等细节。补充的细节内容可使要点更加充实,行文流畅,富有感染力。
  3. 连句成段,首尾呼应
  借助信号词和恰当的连接词,把根据写作提纲写出来的句子串起来,构成所写的语篇。应注意在首段开门见山,先表明写作背景,再陈述目的。中间段依据写作提纲来写,可适当增加一些细节。第三段要注意首尾呼应,使结构严谨。可写一些客套话,结束写作,实现交际目的。
  【高分范文】
  Dear Peter,
  Thank you for your letter. I am delighted to know you are interested in physical activities in our school. I am writing to share them with you in details.
  Our school has a stadium built two years ago, which is large enough for us to play all kinds of sports, such as walking, running, jumping and various ball games. We usually have two PE classes every week, when we are taught how to play basketball, volleyball and badminton. Among the popular sports, basketball is what I like most. I always play it with my friends at weekends. Not only does it make me relaxed, I also learn how to cooperate with others.
 Can you tell me what your favorite sport is? Looking forward to your early reply.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  短文中增加的细节不仅使写作要点具体详细,而且语言具有逻辑性。最后一段表达生动,并与第一段相呼应。
  4. 背诵高分范文,积累好词好句
  请看2018年全国卷Ⅰ的书面表达题和高分范文:
  假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去中国朋友家做客,发邮件向你询问有关习俗。请你回复邮件。内容包括:
  1.到达时间;2.合适的礼物;3.餐桌礼仪。
  注意:1.字数100左右;2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  【高分范文】
  Dear Terry,
  I am delighted to know that you have been invited to a Chinese dinner party next week. I’m writing to offer you some information.
  Firstly, you should arrive before the appointed time because it is good manners to be punctual in China. Secondly, it is a good idea to bring a small gift for your friend, such as an English novel or a popular magazine, which will surely strengthen your friendship. More importantly, you’d better learn how to use chopsticks in advance so that you can eat what you like at the dinner party.
  If you follow my advice, you are sure to have a great time.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  通过背诵范文,我们可以学会这些句式和短语:
  I am delighted to know that...我非常高兴得知……
  It is good manners to do sth. 做某事是礼貌的
  It is a good idea to do sth. 做某事是个好主意
  You’d better do sth.你最好做某事。
  If you ..., you will have a great time. 如果你……,你会很开心的
  be invited to受邀去……
  offer sb. sth. 给某人某物
  the appointed time预定时间
  more importantly更重要的是
  in advance提前
  积累了这些好词好句,我们在做类似的英语书面表达题时,就可以直接套用,不仅可以减少错误,而且可以提高语言表达的准确度。例如:
  假定你是李华,你的新西兰朋友Terry将去参加一个中国朋友的婚礼,发邮件向你询问相关的习俗。请你回复邮件。内容包括:
  (1)到达时间;(2)合适的礼物;(3)着装。
  注意:(1)字数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Terry,
  I am delighted to know you have been invited to a Chinese friend’s wedding ceremony, which is a good opportunity to experience Chinese cultures. I’d like to offer you some information.
  Firstly, you should arrive before the appointed time because it is good manners to be punctual in China. Secondly, it is a good idea to bring a nice gift for your friend, such as a red envelop with cash or something your friend needs badly, which will surely strengthen your friendship. More importantly, you’d better wear formal clothes because it is impolite to wear casual clothes on such an important occasion.
  If you follow my advice, you are sure to have a great time.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (二)以练习应用文为主,兼顾各种英语文体
  在过去五年的高考试题中,英语书面表达以考查书信(邮件)为主,其他体裁也有涉及。例如2018年全国卷Ⅱ的书面表达是让考生写一则英语通知。因此,我们应把备考的重点放在练习写应用文上,同时兼顾其他文体。重点训练的应用文应包括告知信、邀请信、建议信、申请信(推荐信)、感谢信、求助信、咨询信、投诉信、慰问信、约稿信、道歉信等。此外,还应兼顾日记、议论文、图表作文和看图写作等低频作文。
 1. 限时写作,提高写作技能
  我们要经常进行限时写作训练,逐步养成用15~20分钟的时间写一篇英语书面表达的习惯,这样在高考中才能从容镇定,稳定地发挥。首先,用两三分钟认真阅读写作要求,确定写作的主题和内容,然后列出具体的写作要点,再按要点写出句子,最后把句子串起来,组句成文。例如:
  假定你是李华。为迎接传统佳节——端午节,你校打算举办一系列活动。请根据下面的写作提示,给你的朋友英国留学生Mark写一封电子邮件。内容包括:
  (1)时间、地点;(2)活动内容(体验做粽子、划龙舟、看民俗表演);(3)发出邀请。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  生词提示:民俗表演folklore performances
  【参考范文】
  Dear Mark,
  The Dragon Boat Festival is drawing near. It is one of the most important traditional festivals in China. A series of activities will be held in my school next week. I’m writing to invite you to attend them.
  First, you can learn how to make Zongzi and then enjoy them in the school canteen on Friday afternoon. Second, you can watch dragon boat races to be held in the lake on Sunday morning. Besides, there will be folklore performances on Sunday afternoon, which will be interesting to watch. I think this is a great opportunity to experience Chinese culture. You are sure to have a lot of fun.
  I would appreciate it if you could give me an early reply.
   Yours,
   Li Hua
  2. 尝试一句多译,培养发散思维能力
  在平时的练习中,我们应尝试一句多译。例如:
  (1)写信的背景
  The Dragon Boat Festival is approaching.
  The Dragon Boat Festival is drawing near.
  The Dragon Boat Festival is just two weeks away.
  The Dragon Boat Festival is just around the corner.
  (2)活动计划
  A series of activities will be held in our school.
  Our school is planning to host a variety of activities for this occasion.
  Various activities will be organized to celebrate this traditional festival.
  (3) 写信目的
  The details are as follows.
  I am writing to invite you to come and join us.
  I am writing to share with you the arrangements.
  I am writing to invite you to attend these interesting activities.
  (4)活动内容
  You can learn how to make Zongzi and then taste it in the school canteen on Friday afternoon. There will be dragon boat races on Sunday morning. Moreover, you can watch folklore performances in the art center on Sunday afternoon.
  You have a chance to learn how to make Zongzi and then taste it in the school canteen on Friday afternoon. Exciting dragon boat races will be held on Sunday morning. Besides, there will be folklore performances in the art center on Sunday afternoon.
  (5)活动的意义
  This is a great opportunity to experience Chinese culture.
  It is a great way to keep the traditional Chinese culture alive.
 Not only can you expose yourself to Chinese culture, you can  also make some new friends.
  (6)结尾的客套话
  Looking forward to your early reply/participation.
  I sincerely hope you can come and join us.
  I would appreciate it if you could give me an early reply.
  3. 总结英语写作中常用句式
  I am delighted/pleased/glad to receive your e-mail saying that ...我非常高兴收到你发来的电子邮件……
  I am writing to share with you...我写信与你分享……
  It is one of the most important traditional festivals in China.  它是重要的中国传统节日之一。
  It is a great way to keep the Chinese traditional culture alive. 这是一个弘扬传统中国文化的好途径。
  It will be a great opportunity to experience Chinese culture.  这是一个体验中国文化的绝佳机会。
  It is such a great opportunity that you should not miss it. 这是一个不容错过的好机会。
  I am sure you will have a lot of fun. 我相信你会玩得很开心。
  I am sure you will benefit a lot from it. 我相信你会受益匪浅。
  If you need further information, feel free to let me know.  如果你需要其他信息,请尽管告诉我。
  I would appreciate it if you could give me an early reply. 如果你能早日回复,我将不胜感激。
  I would be grateful if you could ...如果你能……我将感激不尽。
  三、2019年高考书面表达预测
  (一)告知信 ▲
  假定你是李华,你校一名来自英国的交换生Peter来信想加入你校武术队,请根据下面的提示给他写一封邮件。内容包括:
  (1)介绍社团情况;(2)训练活动安排;(3)报名方式及截止日期。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  生词提示:武术the Martial Arts
  Dear Peter,
  
   Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本文要求考生为交换生介绍学校的武术社团,体现了当前英语书面表达试题的导向,巧妙地把中国元素融入交际语境,有利于培养考生的民族自信心。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是电子邮件,与英语书信非常相似,由三段组成:第一段陈述写信的目的是介绍学校的武术社团;第二段是写作的重点,详细介绍武术社团开展的活动、报名方式和截止日期;第三段是结尾段。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Peter,
  I am delighted to know that you are eager to join the Martial Arts Team of our school. I am writing to share some information with you.
  Our school is known for the Martial Arts Team, which has won a lot of prizes in the competitions in recent years under the guidance of two experienced coaches. Members usually receive training on Friday and Sunday afternoons from 4 pm to 6 pm. We have opportunities to play against teams from other schools and compete in various competitions in China. If you would like to join us, you are required to fill in the application form and send it to martialarts@126.com before June 10th.
  We are looking forward to your participation.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (二)道歉信▲
  假定你是李华,你因故不能按时给某英语杂志的编辑提交约稿。请根据下面的写作提示,给编辑Harry写一封邮件。内容包括:
  (1)表示歉意;(2)解释原因;(3)希望谅解。
 注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear Harry,
  
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】写作情景比较真实可信,与考生的生活密切相关。本题开放性比较强,突出对考生创新能力的考查。
  【解题思路】这是一封道歉信,由三段组成。第一段陈述写信的背景和写作目的。第二段是写作的重点,考生需要对自己未能按时交稿一事做出合乎情理的解释,给出的理由要令人信服。第三段是结束语,希望得到对方的谅解。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Harry,
  I am terribly sorry for not being able to hand in my contribution on time. I am writing to express my sincere apology to you.
  The reason why I cannot submit my article you want is that I went to Hong Kong for an interview last week. I have applied to Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and I was informed to have an interview with my professor. That is why I didn’t have enough time to compete the article on time. I will complete it and send it to you as soon as possible. I hope you can forgive me.
  Sorry again for any inconvenience caused.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (三)安慰信▲
  假定你是李华,得知你的笔友英国留学生Mark在CCTV举办的中国诗词大会决赛中失利。请根据下面的写作要点给他写一封邮件。内容包括:
  (1)表示理解;(2)给予安慰和鼓励;(3)愿意继续提供帮助。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  生词提示:中国诗词大会 the Chinese Poetry Competition
  Dear Mark,
  
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本文结合社会热点时事,既考查了考生的语言表达能力,又弘扬了中国传统文化,有助于提升考生的民族自豪感。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是邮件,与英语书信格式大致相同。第一段陈述写邮件的背景和目的;第二段向对方表示安慰和鼓励;第三段是客套话,如果对方需要帮助,愿意伸出援手。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Mark,
  I am disappointed to know you were knocked out in the finals of the Chinese Poetry Competition last week. I’m writing to express my sincere concern for you.
  I understand how you are feeling. You have made careful preparations in advance and tried your best, so there is nothing to regret. As a saying goes, “Failure is the mother of success.” Actually you can learn a valuable lesson from this experience. I do hope you won’t lose heart and keep on learning Chinese. There are many opportunities to show your talent in the future. If you keep on trying, you are sure to win in the next competition.
  Don’t hesitate to let me know if you need further help.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (四)邀请信▲
  假如你叫李华,你校将于下月举办中国传统文化周活动。请根据下面的写作提示,用英语写一封信,邀请汉字字源网站(Chinese Etymology)的创始人“汉字叔叔”Richard Sears来你校开讲座。内容包括:
  (1)发出邀请;(2)讲座内容;(3)期待回复。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear Mr. Richard Sears,
  
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本题把校园生活与中国传统文化巧妙结合起来,有利于弘扬民族文化,提升考生的民族自信心。而且,此话题人人有话可说,试题具有较好的效度。
  【解题思路】邀请信由三段组成:第一段陈述写信的背景和写作目的;第二段是写作的重点,考生应告知对方,为什么邀请他来开讲座,以及讲座的内容和时间;第三段是结束语,希望对方接受邀请,并期待收到回复。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Mr. Richard Sears,
  I am Li Hua, a student from Xinhua Middle School. The Chinese Traditional Culture Week is to be held in my school next month. I am writing to invite you to give us a lecture.
  As we all know, you have done so much research into Chinese characters that you are considered to be a famous expert. As the founder of the website Chinese Etymology, you have been promoting Chinese culture in the past twenty years. That is why you are known as “Uncle Hanzi” all over the world. We would like you give us a two-hour lecture on the evolution of Chinese characters on February 20.
  I hope you will accept our invitation. I would appreciate it if you could give me an early reply.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (五) 建议信▲
  假定你是李华,你的英国笔友Betty打算于2022年来北京观看冬奥会,她最近给你发来一封邮件,询问如何提高汉语口语水平。请根据下面的写作提示,用英语给她回一封邮件,内容包括:
  (1)表示欢迎;(2)提出几点建议;(3)祝愿她汉语学习进步。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  【押题依据】这个写作话题将2022年冬奥会与外国人学习汉语结合起来,与时俱进,话题新颖时尚,具有鲜明的时代特色。写作情景真实可信,考生有话可说。
  【解题思路】本文体裁为建议信,由三段组成:第一段陈述写信的背景和写作目的;第二段是写作的重点,针对如何提高汉语,为对方提出几点建议;第三段是结束语,希望对方学习进步。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Betty,
  I am more than delighted to know you are planning to come to China and watch the Olympic Games in 2022. I would like to offer you some advice on how to improve your Chinese learning.
  As far as I’m concerned, you’d better listen to some Chinese radio programs to improve your pronunciation and intonation. I advise you to join a Chinese learning club, where you can practice spoken Chinese with other members. More importantly, you can also make some Chinese friends, from whom you can learn some Chinese culture.
  I hope you will find my advice useful.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (六)投诉信 ▲
  假如你叫李华,在暑假期间,你随一家国际旅行社到美国游学。请根据下面的写作提纲,给这家旅行社的负责人写一封英语投诉信。内容包括:
  (1)写信目的;(2)投诉的内容(日程安排紧、学习活动少等);(3)希望改进服务。
  注意:(1)字数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  【押题依据】近年来,国际交流日益频繁,很多中学生有出国游学的经历。本题密切联系中学生的校外生活,写作情景真实可信,考生有话可说。通过写作,鼓励考生能用英语解决生活中遇到的问题,有利于培养考生的综合素质。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是投诉信,由三段组成:第一段陈述写信的背景和写作目的;第二段是写作的重点,考生应详细陈述自己购买了什么产品或服务,遇到了什么问题,为什么要投诉以及希望对方如何解决问题;第三段是结束语,希望对方尽快解决问题。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  I’m Li Hua. My friend and I went an organized trip to the US with your company last month. I’m writing to complain about your service.
  I had been dreaming of traveling to America since my childhood. However, your service disappointed me when we traveled to the US last month. First of all, we had such a tight schedule that we didn’t have enough time to enjoy the tourist attractions. Second, the hotel rooms were in such a poor condition that we had difficulty falling asleep at night. Worse still, the food we ate in the restaurant were mostly junk food, which failed to provide nutrients we needed.
 I would appreciate it if you could improve your service. Looking forward to your earliest reply.
   Yours,
  Li Hua
  (七)咨询信 ▲
  假定你是李华,从校园网上获悉你校国际部正在招募一批志愿者,在暑期为你校的留学生辅导汉语。请根据下面的写作提示,用英语给该项目的负责人写一封咨询信。内容包括:
  (1)消息来源;(2)咨询内容(工作时间、食宿、培训等事宜);(3)期待回复。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  
   Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本题设题巧妙,把暑期生活与志愿服务结合起来,交际语境比较真实可信,鼓励考生用业余时间为社会服务,充分发挥了试题的教育功能。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是咨询信,由三段组成:第一段陈述消息的来源、写信背景和写作目的;第二段是写作的重点,考生应详细咨询提纲中所列的三项内容;第三段是结束语,期待尽早收到对方的回复。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  I’ve learned from the Internet that some Chinese tutors are needed during the summer holiday. I’m writing to make an inquiry about it.
  First, when does the program begin and how long does it last? If I know the detailed schedule, I can make proper arrangements in advance. Second, where are you going to accommodate the volunteers? In a hotel or in a school dormitory? Do you provide meals for us volunteers or do we have to cook by ourselves? Besides, I am wondering whether we need training before becoming a volunteer.
  I would appreciate it if you could give an early reply.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (八)感谢信 ▲
  假定你是李华,从互联网上获悉瑞士慈善家Hansj?rg Wyss捐出10亿美元,在今后的十年内改善世界各地的环境,你打算给他写一封感谢信。内容包括:
  (1)表示感谢;(2)当前的环境问题;(3)捐款的意义。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear Mr. Wyss,
  
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本文结合社会热点来设题,把世界范围的环境保护与英语写作结合起来,通过给慈善家写感谢信,鼓励考生关注社会问题,做负责任的公民。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是感谢信,由三段组成:第一段写消息的来源、写信背景和写作目的;第二段是写作的重点,考生应详细陈述为什么要感谢对方;第三段是结束语,再一次表达感激之情。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Mr. Wyss,
  My name is Li Hua, a Chinese student. Knowing from the internet that you are going to donate $1 billion to environmental protection in the next decade, I am writing to express my sincere appreciation for your kind act.
  With the development of society, our environment has been worsening in the last few decades. Pollution and global warming have caused serious damage to the earth. It is high time to take effective measures to take care of our mother earth. It is sensible for you to invest a huge amount of money in environmental protection. You are making a difference to the world. Your wise decision will make the earth a better place in the years to come.
  Thank you again for your great contribution.
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  (九) 自荐信▲
  假定你是李华,你市将在7月举办一场国际马拉松大赛,现在正在招募志愿者,你打算做一名志愿者,请用英文给组委会写一封自荐信。内容包括:
  (1)个人情况介绍;(2)具备的优势(性格、语言能力、相关经验);(3)希望得到回复。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  Yours,
  Li Hua
  【押题依据】本题与社会生活密切联系,写作情景比较真实。通过申请当国际马拉松大赛的志愿者,鼓励考生关注社会、积极参加社会服务,激发考生的担当精神和社会责任感。
  【解题思路】本文的体裁是自荐信,由三段组成:第一段陈述消息来源、写信背景和写信目的;第二段是写作的重点,考生应详细陈述自身具备的优势,可根据写作要点进行适当的发挥;第三段是结束语,期待尽早收到回复。
  【参考范文】
  Dear Sir or Madam,
  I am Li Hua, a 16-year-old boy from Xinhua Middle School. I learn from the newspaper that some volunteers are needed for the International Marathon to be held in our city in July. I am writing to recommend myself.
  My advantages are as follows. First, I am friendly and helpful, which makes it easy for me to get well along with others. Second, I speak English so fluently that I can communicate with native speakers without difficulty. Besides, I have worked as a volunteer before, so I have some experience.
  I am qualified to be a volunteer. Please give me a chance. Looking forward to your early reply.
   Yours,
   Li Hua
  (十)演讲稿▲
  假定你是李华,即将参加学校举办的英语演讲比赛。请根据下面的写作提示,以How to solve the problems we faced with为题,写一篇英语演讲稿。内容包括:
  (1)演讲的题目;(2)如何看待问题;(3)分享解决问题的方法。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Dear fellow students,
  
  That’s all. Thank you.
  【押题依据】本话题贴近考生生活,旨在引导考生在学会学习的同时,学会做人,学会做事,培养考生正确的人生观和价值观。
  【解题思路】演讲稿是一种常见的应用文体。第一段亮明演讲的主题;第二段是论证部分,围绕中心论点,陈述自己的观点和看法;第三段是结论,总结前文,得出结论。
  【参考范文】
  How to solve the problems we faced with
  Dear fellow students,
  It is a great honor for me to make a speech here. I’d like to share with you how I solve the problems facing me.
  It is normal for us to have problems from time to time. What matters most is our positive attitude. First, we should always believe in ourselves. If we try every possible means, we will be able to find a solution in the end. Second, it is wise to put ourselves in others’shoes, which can help us to analyze the problem from different angles. More importantly we’d better seek help from our parents and teachers, who will spare no efforts to offer us help.
  Different people have different approaches. How do you solve your problem?
  That’s all. Thank you.
  (十一) 英语通知▲
  假定你是学生会主席李华,你校下学期将开设中国古诗词欣赏(Chinese Classic Poetry Appreciation)选修课,请根据下面的写作提示,写一则英语通知。内容包括:
  (1)开课意图; (2)报名时间和条件; (3)报名时提交一份个人申请。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  Notice
  
  【押题依据】本话题贴近校园生活,旨在弘扬传统中国文化,提升考生的民族自信心。通过写一则通知,告知学校开设的选修课,鼓励考生学习中国传统文化,自觉保护传统文化。
 【解题思路】英语通知是一种常见的应用文体,包括标题、正文、通知时间、通知单位四部分。其中,第二部分是写作的重点,应涉及人物、事件、时间、地点、原因(宗旨)、方式以及注意事项。由于通知的事情尚未发生,通常以一般将来时为主,穿插使用一般现在时。
  【参考范文】
  Notice
  The Chinese Classic Poetry Appreciation will be offered as an optional course for foreign students next term. It aims at assisting foreign students to gain a deep understanding of traditional Chinese culture and appreciate the charm of classical Chinese poetry. There will be lectures on poems written by famous writers during the Tang and Song Dynasties followed by group discussions on Thursday and Friday afternoon. Whoever has a passion for Chinese is welcome to choose it, especially those who have learned some Chinese before. Please visit our school website to sign up before June 30. You are supposed to submit a letter of application to introduce yourself.
  We are expecting your participation.
  June 20, 2019
  the Students’ Union
  (十二) 记叙文▲
  假设你是李华,请根据下面的写作提示,为校报的英语园地写一篇稿件,记述你们学校为高三学生举办十八岁成人礼的经过。内容包括:
  (1)活动的时间、地点;(2)活动的经过;(3)你的体会。
  注意:(1)字数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
  The Adult Ceremony was held on Sunday
  
  【押题依据】本话题与考生的日常生活密切联系,试题具有较大的开放性,不仅考查考生的写作能力,而且考查考生自主确定要点、组织语言描述日常生活的能力。通过英语写作,启发考生思考人生,培养责任感,发挥了试题的教育功能。
  【解题思路】本文属于记叙文,由于事件已经发生,因此用一般过去时。第一段一句话简述整个事件;第二段详细介绍举办成人礼的时间、地点、经过和结果;第三段简单分享自己的感悟,展现心灵的成长。
  【参考范文】
  The Adult Ceremony was held on Sunday
  The Adult Ceremony, which marks the beginning of our adulthood, was held on the playground of our school on Monday morning.
  Dressed in school uniforms, we senior 3 students were required to walk through the Gate of Adults and gathered on the play ground at 8 am. Then, Mr. Li, our school master, made a short speech, congratulating us on becoming a grown-up. After bowing to our teachers and parents to express our sincere gratitude and appreciation for their love and care, we vowed in one voice that we would take on more responsibilities from that day on.
  At that moment, we realized we had grown up. It was time that we behave as adults.
  (十三) 看图写作 ▲
  假定你是李华,负责本班的英语墙报工作。请根据下面的一幅漫画,为班级墙报写一篇英语稿件。内容包括:
  (1)简要描述漫画的内容;(2)揭示漫画所反映的主题;(3)谈谈你对这个现象的看法。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。
  【押题依据】本话题密切联系社会现实,把中国的日益强盛融入英语书面表达试题中,考生需要观察图片,然后把图片所反映的现象与当今社会联系起来,并能针对图片所反映的现象发表个人看法。本试题不仅考查考生的观察能力,还考查考生分析问题的能力。
  【解题思路】看图作文通常采用三段式。第一段简要地描述图片的内容,导入话题;第二段主要分析图片所反映的某种社会现象;第三段谈谈自己对这个问题的看法。
  【参考范文】
  From the above picture we can see two men sitting on a bench and learning foreign languages. However, they are talking with each other in Chinese “If you have any problem, you can turn to me for help.” This picture sets me thinking deeply.
  Right now a large number of Chinese are learning English while more and more foreigners are learning Chinese. That is why the two men are talking with each other in Chinese. It is obvious that China has been playing an increasingly important role in the world stage, that is why many westerners are attracted to learn Chinese.
  The picture helps me to realize that we are proud of being Chinese, so I love our motherland deeply.
  (十四)议论文▲
  假定你是李华,你在某英语学习论坛看到一个话题Are you going to study abroad or go to university in China? 你打算参与讨论,请根据下面的写作提纲,用英语写一篇短文。内容包括:
  (1)表明你的观点;(2)给出合理的解释。
  注意:(1)词数100左右;(2)可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。
  【押题依据】本话题密切联系社会现实,通过写英语书面表达试题,让考生思考现实问题,比较出国留学与在国内上大学的利弊,培养考生的思维品质和辩证看待社会的能力。考生需要针对这个话题发表自己的看法,并给出合理的解释,有利于培养考生的创新精神。
  【解题思路】本文属于议论文,通常采用三段式。第一段导入要讨论的话题,亮明个人观点。第二段主要提供一些论据,支撑自己的观点。写作时,应注意语言的条理性,可以使用信号词,使内容层次清楚。第三段重申个人观点,得出结论。

  【参考范文】
  Are you going to study abroad or go to university in China?
  These days the number of Chinese studying abroad has been increasing. Therefore, I am going to study abroad after graduating from senior high school. My reasons are as follows.
  First of all, I can learn to live an independent life by studying in a foreign university far from home. Secondly, I can make new friends and experience new culture, which will surely broaden my horizons. More importantly, I can learn some advanced technologies and then put them into practice when I come back home in the future.
  Since there are so many advantages of going to university in foreign countries, I have made up my mind to further my studies abroad.

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