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形容词表示最高级含义

作者:陈火枫    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2009/8/28
一般说来,英语中形容词表示最高级含义要用其最高级形式来表示。例如:
  Spring is the best season of the year.
  The computer is the most important invention in many years.
  It was one of the largest and finest ships at that time.
  This is the highest mountain I have ever climbed.
  但在实际的语言运用中,我们常常见到形容词虽未变成最高级形式,但却具有最高级含义的现象。例如:
  That means that primates are better than other animals at holding,moving and using objects.
  这就意味着灵长类动物比其他动物更善于握住、移动和使用东西。
  —Do you think our basketballers played very well yesterday?
  —They couldn’t have done better.
  —你认为我们的篮球队员昨天打得非常好吗?
  —他们打得不能再好了。
  现将不用形容词最高级形式而具有最高级含义的特殊表达形式搜集整理如下:
  一、比较级adj.+than+any other+单数n.
  He is taller than any other boy in his class.
  他是班上最高的。/他比班上任何其他男生都高。
  二、比较级adj.+than+all the other+复数n.
  He is cleverer than all the other students in his class.
  他是班上最聪明的。/他比班上所有其他学生都聪明。
  三、比较级adj.+than+anyone/anybody else
  She is more easy-going than anyone else in her class.
  她是班上最开朗的。/她比班上任何别的学生都开朗。
  四、can’t,couldn’t,never,nothing,nobody+比较级adj.
  They couldn’t be better.
  他们是最好的。/他们不能再好了。
  I never saw a more beautiful sight.
  我从来没有看见过比这更美的风景了。
  Nothing is more valuable than health.
  没有什么比健康价值更高。
  Nobody is more diligent than him in the class.
  他班上没有人比他更勤奋了。
  五、as+原级adj.+as+同一原级adj.+can/may be
  as+原级adj.+as+possible
  as+原级adj.+as+从句的主语+can do
  You are as wrong as wrong can be.
  你是大错特错。
  We must make as few mistakes as possible.
  我们必须尽可能少地犯错误。
  He was as good a cadre as one could wish for.
  他是人们最希望的好干部。
  六、no,little,few,no one,none,nobody,nothing以及not,never,now-here,hardly,scarcely等否定词与原级adj.连用
  None is so blind as those who won’t see.
  没有什么比熟视无睹更瞎的了。
  Nothing is so pleased as to swim in the river in summer.
  没有什么比夏天在河里游泳更惬意的事了。
  No doctor is like a true friend.
  最好的医生莫如真正的朋友。
  七、favourite,excellent,wonderful等形容词本身具有最高级的意义,没有最高级的形式
  This is my favourite camera.
  这是我最喜欢的照相机。
  She is well known as an excellent dancer.
  她因为是一位杰出的舞蹈家而闻名。
  The weather has been wonderful recently.
  近来天气好极了。
  八、ever+so+原级adj.意思是“非常”
  He is ever so strong.
  他非常强壮。
  She is ever so diligent.
  她勤奋极了。
  九、the last +n.+不定式/定语从句,意为“决不、最不”
  He is the last person I want to see.
  他是我最不愿见的人。
  She was the last girl to come.
  她是最后到的一个女孩。
  The last thing he did was to water the flowers.
  他干的最后一件事是浇花。
  十、(be+)all+n.意为“十分、非常”
  She is all tears.
  她眼泪汪汪。
  The car ran with all speed.
  汽车以最高的速度行驶。
  十一、(be+)all+介词短语,也意为“十分、非常”
  An apple for every day is all to good.
  每天吃一个苹果非常有好处。
  I’m all for supporting your plan.
  我十分支持你们的计划。
  十二、the+表语n.意为“最好的、最著名的、最典型的”
  Mary is the singer in that country.
  玛丽是那个国家最著名的歌唱家。
  Tom is the student in his class.
  汤姆是班上最好的学生 初中英语复习:形容词、副词专项练习
高考考点:形容词和副词
比较级和最高级修饰语归纳
形容词的比较级
形容词、副词知识点

形容词表示最高级含义:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/200908/14006.html
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