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作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2008/11/24
  (2)复合介词如:into,onto,within,out of…
  (3)双重介词 如:from under,since before,until after…
  (4)短语介词如:in front of,because of,ahead of,according to…
  例如:The man in black is Mr Zhang.穿黑衣服的人是张先生。
  He is a man of wealth.他是个有钱人。
  China is a country with a long history.中国是历史悠久的国家。
  例如:He was already in his forties.他已经四十多岁了。
  You must remain in bed.你必须得卧床休息。
  He was against slavery.他反对奴隶制。
  例如:I found everthing in good condition.我发现一切状况良好。
  Eevn his way of walking down the street and turning a corner could be recognaized as his own.
  The heavy rain kept us inside the house.(大雨使得我们待在了家里。)
  例如:At seventeen,he began to learn acting.
  We put the play on in a theatre.
  We jumped with joy.
  He returned home for his dictionary.
  We went there by bike.
  In spite of the heavy rain,they arrived.
  (A)表示地点,在……They are waiting for me at the gate.
  (B)表示时间,在……时(刻) We usually get up at half past five every morning.
  (C)表示状态,(正)在……中The Browns are at table.
  (D)表示速度、价格,按……The truck ran at 40 miles an hour.
  (E)表示动作对象、目标、向……Bob threw a stone at a dog.
  (F)表示原因,由于…… He was surprised at his friend’s rudeness.
  (G)表示能力,擅长于…… My sister is good at painting.
  (A)I hope to call on you in your office this afternoon.(拜访)
  (B)We live on our salary.(依靠……生活)
  (C)The price depends on quality.(依赖)
  (D)He insisted on her staying in London.(坚持要)
  (E)The doctor operated on her chest yesterday.(给……动手术)
  (F)Put on your coat before you go out.(穿上)
  (G)The village has taken on a new look.(呈现)
  (A)He looked about him but saw no one.(环顾)
  (B)The boy is old enough to look after himself.(照料)
  (C)Look at the photo,please.(看)
  (D)What are you looking for?(寻找)
  (E)I’ll look into the matter as soon as possible.(调查)
  (F)I looked through today’s newspaper but I found nothing important in it.(浏览)
  (G)You should learn how to look up word in a dictionary.(查阅)
  The murderer was sentenced to death.(介词)
  The coffee in the cup is too hot to drink.(动词不定式符号)
  (A)不定式作宾语:I desire nothing but to have a quiet room to study in.
  (B)形容词作宾语:Although Spring has come,it is still quite cold instead of warm.
  (C)副词作宾语:His father is fresh from abroad.
  (D)介词短语作宾语:He has lived in Beijing since before liberation.
  Give me a piece of paper to write on.
  No bed is big enough for him to sleep on.

I don’t know the person my father nodded to just now.
  I shall never forget the day on which I saw Premier Zhou for the first time.
  He came back after three days.三天后他回来了。
  He will come back in a week.一星期后他将回来。
  I’ll be free after 5 o’clock.五点钟以后我有空。
  He will come here after May 6th.五月六日后他要来这里。
  I’ll call on him next Monday and I’ll call again after two weeks.
  They have stayed here for two months.他们在这儿待了两个月。
  Where have you been since I last saw you?自从上次见面后,你去哪儿了?
  By the end of last term,we had learned 500 English words.到上学期末,我们学了五百个英语单词。
  They swim every day during the holidays.假期他们每天游泳。
  Did you come by train or by air?你是坐火车还是乘飞机来的。
  I killed the spider with a newspaper.我用报纸打死了蜘蛛。
  It’s written in ink.这是用墨水写的。
  Japan lies to the east of China.日本在中国的东方。
  China is in the east of Asia.中国在亚洲的东部。
  I live in a town on the river.我住在临河的一个小镇上。
  The dog swam across the river. 狗游过了河。
  There is a short cut over the field.有一条小路穿过这片原野。
  Light comes in through the window.光透过窗户射进来。
  (6)besides,except,except for
  besides含有“加”的关系,表示“除……之外,还(包括)……”,属于肯定性质;except含有“减”的关系,表示“所有都(如此)……除了……之外”,属于否定性质;except for表示在说明基本情况后,而在细节上加以修正,其后面的宾语与句中所涉及的内容并非同类。
  Fifteen students went there besides Tom.
  Fifteen students went there except Tom.
  Your composition is good except for some spelling mistakes.
  例如:We are meeting next Tuesday.我们下周二见面。
  He stayed with us last week.上周他和我们在一起。
  例如:What are you doing this evening?你今天晚上要做什么?
  He was coming to give a talk that very evening.在那天晚上他要来做报告。
  (3)以tomorrow或yesterday开头的短语,包括the day after tomorrow和the day before yesterday
  例如:I have to get up very early tomorrow morning.明天早上我得早起。
  She had her operation the day before yesterday.她前天接受了手术。
  例如:Then one year,the rains failed to come.然后有一年没有下雨。
  You can come any day you like.你愿意哪天来就哪天来。
  Every morning,the newspaper chief editor holds a meeting with the journalists.
  Some day,we will meet again.总有一天,我们会见面。
  Plants grow well all the year round.植物一年到头都长得很好。
  例如:Most of the time,we eat fish.大部分时间,我们吃的是鱼。
  1.上海 2003
  The confernce has been held to discuss the effects of tourism_________the wildlife in the area.
  A.in    B.on    C.at    D.with

  2.广东 2004
  I feel that one of my main duties_________a teacher is to help the students to become better learners.
  A.for    B.by    C.as    D.with
  3.the foot of the hill there is a beautiful lake and_________the top of it there is a tower.
  A.At;in    B.At;on    C.In;at    D.On;at
  4.He will spend his holidays_________ National Day.
  A.at    B.for    C.after    D.it
  解析:after与“在某一特定时间”的词语连用时,句子谓语动词既可用过去时,也可用将来时。此句可以把National Day当作一个特定的时间。意思是“他要在国庆节后度假。”
  1.—How long has this bookshop been in business?
  A.After    B.In    C.From    D.Since
  2.We offered him our congratulations_________ his passing the college entrance exams.
  A.at    B.on    C.for    D.of
  3.American women usually identify their best friend as someone_________they can talk frequently.(2004·上海)
  A.who        B.as
  C.aboutwhich    D.whith whom
  4.Everyone enjoyed the party_________May Day,that is to say,_________this Saturday.
  A.on;on    B.at;on
  C.at;in    D.on;/
  5.What kind of animal can live both_________land and_________water?
  A.on;on    B.in;on    C.on;in    D.in;in
  6.The coffee shop is_________she street.
  A.on    B.across    C.in    D.to
  7.Let’s walk over_________ the sun on the other side of the street.
  A.to    B.below    C.under    D.by
  8.In this matter,I’m sorry that I have to sideyou.
  A.at    B.to    C.against    D.with
  9.We normally use the front entrance_________ the building but there is another entrance_________the back.
  A.to;to    B.at;at
  C.to;at    D.of;in
  10.The police have said that there is no connection_________the murders.
  A.in    B.for    C.on    D.between
  11.To my horrow,I saw,_________my father’s shoulder,a gorilla.
  A.on    B.above    C.over    D.from
  12.My first customer was a girl_________a red dress.
  A.of    B. with    C.on    D.in
  13.How long have you been up?
  five o’lock.
  A.After    B.In    C.on    D.in
  14.What language did you talk with the foreigner_________ ?
  A. /    B. in    C. with    D. by
  15. He will always be remembered_________ one of the greatest teachers of the Chinese people.
  A. by    B. as    C. like    D. for
  16. —Where did you go_________ your holiday?
  —I went to Hainan province.
  A. to    B. for    C. in    D. on
   17. I stepped_________ the bus and_________ the snowstorm,but I was often_________ the highway.
  A. from;into;on    B. out of;into;off
  C. out of;in;in    D. off;through;from
  18. He showed me a photo of the hotel he stayed_________ .
  A. where    B. there
  C. in it    D. in
  19. The camel was blind_________the right eye and only ate the grass_________ the left side.
  A. on;in    B. in;on
  C. in;at    D. at;on
  20. Ideas_________what are good manners are not always the same_________ different countries.
  A. of;in    B. about;from
  C. by; among    D. on;

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