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高考英语考点:形容词和副词

作者:彭 友    文章来源:高三英语    更新时间:2008/8/20
 ◎主攻考点:形容词和副词
  
  ◎考题特点:考查形容词与副词的用法区别,考查比较等级的用法以及重要比较句型的用法,考查某些典型的形容词和副词的用法。
  ◎答题“六注意”:一要注意语境:合乎语境的往往是正确的。二要注意搭配:尤其要注意形容词与介词的搭配以及某些习惯搭配等。三要注意比较等级的用法:不作比较用原形,两者比较用比较级,三者或多者比较用最高级,注意有的比较对象可能在试题中并不直接出现,而是隐含在一定的上下文里;另外,有关比较等级的固定结构或句型也值得特别注意。四要注意修饰:修饰名词用形容词,修饰其他形容词、副词、动词、短语等,要用副词;用于连系动词后作表语通常要用形容词而不用副词;修饰比较级可用 far, even, still, a lot, lots, a great deal, a bit, rather, three times, any, no, very much 等,修饰最高级可用 (by) far, much, nearly, almost, not quite, by no means, very, second, next 等。五要注意典型考点词的重现:尤其要注意近年经常考查的热点词 though, far, enough, yet, too (太)等。六要注意词序:描绘形容词→大小(长短高低)形容词→形状形容词→年龄(新旧)形容词→颜色形容词→国籍形容词→材料形容词→用途(类别)形容词→名词(动名词)。
  
  ◎原创考题:
  
  1.Two heart attacks in a year. It hasn’t stopped him smoking,_________.
  A. tooB. though C. yet D. either
  2. It’s time to be serious; you’ve carried this joke enough.
  A. howB. far C. moreD. still
  3. Can’t you think of a________word than “nice” to describe your holiday?
  A. better B. best C. goodD. well
  4. Far from helping the situation, you’ve just made it.
  A. worse B. more worse C. worst D. most worst
  5. —Why don’t you get yourself a job?—That’s___________ said than done.
  A. easy B. easier C. wellD. better
  6. Some of the doctors are paid almost twice___________the nurses.
   A. as much asB. as long asC. as soon as D. as far as
  7. We__________wanted to help, but there was nothing we could do.
  A. very B. much C. badly D. hardly
  8. You can’t take her promises__________: she never keeps her word.
  A. heavilyB. seriously C. hardlyD. usefully
  9. He’s not__________angry—he’s just acting.
   A. evenB. really C. hardlyD. only
  10. I’m__________at physics and chemistry than Mary, but better at history and geography.
  A. more B. less C. worseD. better
  11. We couldn’t have picked__________day for the picnic—it rained nonstop.
  A. a worseB. a worstC. the worseD. the worst
  12. Since there’s no more work to do, we might just
  ____________go home.
  A. so wellB. as wellC. so good D. as good
  13. It was ____________opportunity to miss.
  A. too good an B. a too good C. too a goodD. too good
  14.____________I tried to phone him the line was engaged.
  A. As often as B. As far as C. As good asD. As soon as
  15. She____________, if ever, goes to the cinema.
  A. alwaysB. oftenC. seldom D. never
  
  【答案与解析】
  1. B。though 在此用作副词,表示转折,意为“但是”。
  2. B。far在此表示程度,相当于 too。
  3. A。注意句中的 than,故选用比较级。
  4. A。句意为“你不但没有帮助解决问题,反而使情况变得更糟”。
  5. B。easier said than done 是习语,意为“说起来容易做起来难”。
  6. A。指薪水,故用 much 修饰,即选 as much as。
  7. C。badly 在此表示程度,意为“相当”。
  8. B。根据冒号后面的内容可知答案为B。seriously 意为“认真地”。
  9. B。根据破折号后面的内容可知答案为B。
  10. C。根据后面的转折连词 but 以及后面一句中的better可知答案。
  11. A。因为后文说 it rained nonstop (雨一直下过未停),所以前文肯定是说野餐的日子未选好。前面一句的意思是“我们选作野餐的日子糟得不能再糟了”。
  12. B。might just as well 是习语,意为“还是……好”。
  13. A。考查 too...to 结构。
  14. as often as 是习语,意为“每当”。
  15. C。根据插入语 if ever 可知,只有 seldom 填入此处意思最通顺。 中学英语在线答疑
初中英语复习:形容词、副词专项练习
宾语从句语法讲解
学习被动语态的几点注意
情态动词考点简析

高考英语考点:形容词和副词:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/200808/9197.html
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