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如何判断关系代词前的介词

作者:晏 敏 …    文章来源:第二课堂高中版    更新时间:2008/2/17
 定语从句是中学阶段英语学习的主要语法之一,也是高考的命题热点所在,其中定语从句中关系代词前介词的判断更是高考英语命题中的一个高频考点。下面我们先来看看近两年高考英语中考查“介词+关系代词”结构的部分考题。   1. Eric received training in computer for one year,Bhe found a job in a big company.(2007辽宁)   A. after that B. after whichC. after it D. after this   2. Human facial expressions differ from those of animals in the degreeBthey can be controlled on purpose. (2007重庆)   A. with whichB. to which C. of which D. for which   3. It is reported that two schools,Dare being built in my hometown, will open next year. (2007四川)   A. they bothB. which both   C. both of themD. both of which   4. Last week, only two people came to look at the house,Dwanted to buy it. (2007安徽)   A. none of themB. both of whom   C. none of whomD. neither of whom   5. He was educated at the local high school,Ahe went on to Beijing University. (2007江苏)   A. after whichB. after that C. in which D. in that   6. She was educated at Beijing University,Ashe went on to have her advanced study abroad.(2006全国II)   A. after which B. from whichC. from that D. after that   7. We saw several natives advancingtowards our party,and one of them came up to usBwe gave some bells and glasses. (2006湖南)   A. to which B. to whomC. with whom D. with which   8. I was given three books on cooking, the firstBI really enjoyed.(2006浙江)   A. of that B. of which C. that D. which   9. I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was,she had run back in the directionDshe had come. (2006重庆)   A. of which?B. by whichC. in which?D. from which   对于“介词+which/whom”结构的考查,高考英语主要涉及以下几个方面。   1. 考查定语从句中谓语动词的搭配习惯   (1) 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配   Water is the natural medium in which fish live. 水是鱼类赖以生存的自然环境。(注意搭配live in)   The documents for which they were searching have been recovered. 他们找寻的文件已经找到了。(注意搭配 search for)   This is a subject about which we might argue for a long while. 这是一个我们可能长时间争论的问题。(注意搭配 argue about)   I wanted to find someone with whom I could discuss books and music. 我想找到一个可以和我谈书和音乐的人。(注意搭配 discuss sth with sb)   注:有一些介词为固定搭配的一部分,此时它们的位置应注意。如:   The boy (whom) my sister is looking after is getting better.   不能说成:The boy after whom my sister is looking is getting better.   (2) 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配   He referred me to some reference books with which I am not very familiar. 他要我去参考一些我不熟悉的参考书。(注意搭配 be familiar with)   2. 考查先行词与介词的搭配习惯   这类考题往往要根据具体的语境来选择介词。如:   This is our classroom, in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk. 这是我们的教室,前面有老师的讲台。(注意搭配 in the front of our classroom)   I’ll never forget the day on which she said goodbye to me. 我永远不会忘记她与我们告别的那一天。(注意搭配 on the day)   3. 考查表示所属关系的 of which [whom]   On the blackboard the teacher wrote a sentence, the meaning of which I don’t understand. 老师在黑板上写了一个句子,句子的意思我不明白。(注意搭配 the meaning of the sentence)   4. 考查表示整体与部分关系的 of which [whom]   I have five English dictionaries of which Longman Dictionary is the best. 我有5本英语词典,其中最好的是朗文词典。(注意搭配 of the five dictionaries) 高中英语1同步听力mp3
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如何判断关系代词前的介词:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/200802/5933.html