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2008高考英语强化:作文

作者:高晓锋    文章来源:考试杂志    更新时间:2008/1/8

调查报告是对典型问题、情况、事件的深入调查,把通过调查所获取的观点、想法和数据,经过分析、综合,找出原因,得出结果,揭示出客观规律的书面报告,当然最后还可以提出自己的观点和建议。调查报告是一种重要的公务文书,应用范围相当广泛。它可以为我们的实际工作提供有价值的一手材料;为决策提供依据;也可以引导人们正确看待社会的热点、焦点问题。
  调查报告的特点:
  1.针对性。即对新情况、新问题,有针对性地进行调查研究之后所作的书面回答。
  2.真实性。调查报告是为解决实际问题的,因此,客观事实是调查报告的基础。
  3.论理性。由于要对大量材料的分析与综合,遵循由事论理,寓理论事,最后引出结论。
  4.典型性。选取调查对象要典型;文章所运用的材料也要典型。
  5.时效性。由于是急需解决的问题,从调查研究到定稿的各个环节都要抓紧时间,否则,“时过境迁”,就失去了指导意义。
  调查报告的分类:
  1.按内容:基本调查报告,典型调查报告。
  2.按题目:综合调查报告,专题调查报告。
  3.按时间:历史性调查报告,新事物调查报告。
  调查报告的结构:
  调查报告一般由标题、概况、调查内容、结论和落款组成。
  标题:直接了当说明调查问题。
  概况:说明调查的目的、对象、时间、经过和调查的问题。
  内容:是调查报告的核心,也是对调查研究结果的具体引证、说明。
  结论:总结全文,提出建议或对策等,要求简明扼要,言尽即止。
  落款:即调查单位或调查人的姓名。
  调查报告的撰写 :
  撰写调查报告要把握三个环节:一是深入调查,获取材料,对调查获取的大量原始材料,要进行筛选;二是认真分析研究,揭示客观规律,确定主旨,用事实说话,把观点和材料统一起来;三是精心谋篇布局,完成撰拟工作。
  调查报告的语言特点:
  要善于综合运用叙述、说明、议论的表达方式,把观点和材料紧密结合起来。以一般过去时为主,其它时态辅助。时态的多样性和多用动词,尤其是表示增减句型是调查报告常见的表达。这样才使调查报告鲜活、真实。当然其它词性和过渡词的应用也为调查报告增色。
  例题分析:
  最近,你作为研究性学习课题组的成员就高中英语新教材的看法在同学中间开展了一次调查,调查的结果如下:
  
  请根据以上调查结果,写一篇120词左右的调查报告。报告的开头已给出。
  I recently surveyed my classmates about their views on the new English textbook…
  写前指导:
  1.分析内容:真对英语新教材,就同学们的喜好程度写一篇调查报告。
  2.审题定调:体裁——调查报告;主体时态——一般过去时;中心人称——第一人称。
  3.确定要点:提出问题(英语新教材的看法);调查内容(学生喜好程度);结论(新教材帮助学生提高了英语水平)。
  4.精心组句:
  ①…surveyed my classmates about their views on the new English textbook.
  ②…80% of the students were quite satisfied with it. …15% disliked it and 5% had no opinion.
  ③…the pictures with the texts were very attractive, … aroused their interests in learning.
  ④…some students complained more new words and difficult sentences.
  ⑤ …the new English textbook has helped most students improve their English enormously.
  5.连句成文:细构思,观全局,理清顺序,巧过渡,连句成文。
  范文赏析:
  One possible version:
  I recently surveyed my classmates about their views on the new English textbook.
  According to the survey, 80% of the students were quite satisfied with it, while 15% disliked it and 5% had no opinion. Students who liked it said the pictures with the texts were very attractive, which greatly aroused their interests in learning. Moreover, the book was very interesting, covering many hot topics and providing lots of cultural knowledge of the world. However, students who disliked it complained there were too many new words and difficult sentences, making the texts difficult to understand.
  In conclusion, the new English textbook has helped most students improve their English enormously.
  Group 1 leader Li Ming
  名师点评:
  1.总体评价:结构完整,思路清晰,短文字里行间反映了英语调查报告的基本格式和要求。
  2.亮点欣赏:
  高级词汇:satisfy, attractive, arouse, provide, complain…
  复杂句式: …while 15% disliked it and 5% had no opinion.
  …which greatly aroused their interests in learning.
  …making the texts difficult to understand.
  恰当的过渡:while, moreover, however,…
  3. 第二段的时态也可用现在时;
  

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2008高考英语强化:作文:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/200801/5374.html