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高考英语复习:阅读理解

作者:顾九龙    文章来源:考试杂志    更新时间:2008/1/8

历年高考对考生阅读能力的考查都占很大比例。阅读理解题的考查主要从两个方面测试考生的理解能力。
  1、客观理解:即对所给材料中具体事实和细节的理解。
  2、主观理解:即通过阅读短文,对文中主旨、主题、中心思想和作者意图、态度及语篇逻辑关系等深层意义上的理解,并据此进行推理和判断。
  本文主要讨论高考英语阅读理解中深层意义上的理解题题型及解题策略和技巧。
  1. 归纳概括主题( Title and Main Idea )
  这种题型的提问方式有:
  The main point of the passage is ...
  The passage deals mainly with ...
  The passage is mainly about ...
  What does the passage mainly discuss?
  What is the author’s main purpose ?
  【解题对策】归纳概括中心主旨的题目是高考必考题目,考查考生通过阅读理解,总结归纳,找出文章中心意思的能力。要做好这类题考生必须区分主要信息和次要信息;既看到树木, 更要看到森林;要跳出一词一句,而俯瞰全文;要通读全文,通篇理解。学会找出主题句(topic sentence) ,一般来说主题句在文章的句首与句尾。而且要善于概括文章的中心思想(main idea),中心思想通常是一个完整的句子,它应能全面准确地概括文章的中心主旨,而最佳题目(the best title)可以是一个短语词组,它除能概括文章的中心主旨外,还有吸引读者,引发阅读兴趣的任务。
  【2007高考示例】:
  (2007 广东)
  Do you want to live with a strong sense of peacefulness, happiness, goodness, and self- respect? The collection of happiness actions broadly categorized as “honor” help you create this life of good feelings.Here’s an example to show how honorable actions create happiness.
  问题:Which of the following can be the best title of this passage? (D)
  A.How to Live Truthfully
  B.Importance of Peacefulness
  C.Ways of Gaining Self-respect
  D.Happiness through Honorable Actions
  【答案简析】本文第一段最后一句“honorable actions create happiness”是文章主题句,因此,答案为 D。
  (2007陕西)
  His cornet playing had a deep humanity (仁爱) and warmth that caused many listeners to say, “Listening to Pops just makes you feel good all over.” He was the father of the jazz style (风格) and also one of the best-known and most admired people in the world. His death, on July 6, 1971, was headline news around the world.
  问题:Which would be the best title for the text?(B)
  A. The Invention of the Jazz Music
  B. The Father of the Jazz Style
  C. The Making of a Musician
  D. The Spread of Popular Music
  【答案简析】本文最后段第二句“He was the father of the jazz style (风格) and also one of the best-known and most admired people in the world.” 是文章主题句,因此,答案为 B。
  

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高考英语复习:阅读理解:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/zxyy/200801/5373.html