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高考词汇串讲

作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2006/12/26
高考词汇串讲

a; an art. 一(个 ,件……)
1. 用于辅音音素起首的词前: an old man, an honest boy, an hour, an honor...

2). 用于辅音音素起首的词前:a pen, a university, a useful book...

ability n. 1. special natural power to do sth. well 才能;才干

2. power or skill to do, to think, to act etc. 能力

able adj. having enough power or skill to do sth. 能够;有能力的

unable adj. not able 不能够

disable v. make unable to use one's body properly 使丧失能力,使残废

the disabled 残疾人(pl.)

aborigine n. (of people) having lived in a place from the earliest times 土著;土人

about adv. 大约;到处,四处

prep. 在各处,四处;关于

be about to 即将

above prep. 在……上面

adv. 在上面

adj. 上面的

below (注意 over 意为正上方,其反义词为 under)

above all 首先

abroad adv. to or in another country 到国外,在国外

home and abroad 国内外

go abroad 去国外

absence n. being away 不在;缺席

presence 出席

absent adj. not present 不在的;缺席的

absent-minded adj. 心不在焉的

present 出席的

accent n. particular way of speaking 口音

accept v. receive sth. offered willingly (乐意地)接收;收下,相信

receive 收到

accept 收下

acceptable adj. 可接受的;值得接受的

refuse v. 拒绝

accident n. sth. usu.unpleseant that happens unexpectedly 意外 (事故; 祸事)

accident 通常指“不幸的”意外事故,如车祸,摔伤,砸伤等,多指无意或偶然造成的。

incident 通常指大事件中较小的事件,小插曲或人生中所碰到的虽小但留下较深印象的平凡事件。它还用来指政治上具有一定影响的事态,如战争、,叛乱等。

by accident 偶然;碰巧

according

according to prep. from what is said or written 根据;按照

ache vi. & n. having a continuous dull pain 持续地隐隐作痛(不指一时的刺痛)常与表示身体某些部分的词连用。如:

headache, toothache, stomachache...

achieve v. 1). finish successfully 完成,实现 2).get by effort 获得;达到

achievement n. 成就,成绩

achieve 指经过努力而获得动力或达到某种目的

gain 指经过努力而奋斗而,获得某种利益,如处世经验

get 常用词,指以某种方法或手段得到某种东西,这东西可能是他需要或企图获得的,也许不是。

across prep. & adv. from one side to the other 穿过,由这边到另一边;横过

cross v. 穿过; 横过

act v. do sth. 做;行动

v. perform in a play or film 演出;扮演角色

n. something that one has done 行为;动作,举动

law 法案;条例;法例

action n. 行动

actor n. 男演员

actress n. 女演员

act as 充当;担任

act...out 比划着表演

active adj. always ready to do things 积极的;主动的,活跃的

take an active part in 积极参加

be active in 热心于

actual adj. real 真实的,实际的

actually adv. in fact 实际上;事实上

real, true 与 actual的区别:

real 真的,真正的,指客观上存在,并非想象和虚拟,与“无”相对,反义词为 unreal

true 真实的,强调事实的实际情况相符,与“假”相对,反义词为 false

actual 真的,强调事实上已经发生或存在,而不是理论上可发生或存在

AD ( in the year ) since the birth of Christ 公元;纪元

BC before Christ 公元前

ad = advertisement n. 广告

add v. put with something else 增加;添加;补充说

add...to... 往……加……

add up to 加起来总共是

address n. where a person lives 住址

n. 演讲

v. 对……发表演讲;称呼

admire v. to regard with pleasure and respect 钦佩;羡慕

admire 后接名词或动名词;不接that引导的从句

admiration n. 赞美;羡慕

admirer n. 羡慕者;钦佩者(男)

admiringly adv. 钦佩地

admit v.(admitted, admitting) 1).let in 许可;允许……进入

2). agree to the truth of ( usu. sth. bad ) 承认;供认

advance v. & n. 1). to put or move forward 前进;向前

2). to offer; suggest 提出

n. 1. forward moment 前进

2. a development, improvement 进展、进步

advanced adj. 先进的

advantage n. 优势;便利

adventure n. exciting and perhaps dangerous experience 历险;奇遇

adventurer n. 冒险家

advice n. opinion given to someone about what to do 忠告;劝告; 意见

advise v. 劝告

persuade v. 说服

aeroplane n. = plane 飞机

affair n. event 事件;事情

foreign affairs 国家事务

love affairs 桃色事件

accident 指不幸的意外事故,如:车祸;摔伤,多指无意或偶然的。

incident 指小插曲,多指政治上具有影响有事件,如叛乱,事变等。

event 大事

affect v. influence 影响

afford v. 1). be able to pay for 买得起

2). be able to risk 负担得起;足以

注意: afford 前常用can, can’t, be able to等;后面常接名词或不定式

afraid adj. 1). frightened 害怕;担心,畏惧

2). sorry for sth. that has happened or is likely to happen 很抱歉;恐怕,我想

be afraid of sth. 害怕(会做)

be afraid to do sth. 不敢(去做)

Africa n. a continent 非洲

African adj. 非洲人的 n. 非洲人

after prep. adv. & conj. later than 在……之后;由于;尽管;寻找

after all 毕竟;终究

afternoon n. after midday 下午,午后

afterwards adv. after that 以后,后来

again adv. once more 再一次

again and again 再三地,反复地(= time and again)

once again 再一次

against prep.1). in opposition to 反对

2). touching 靠着;绮着

3). having...as a background 以……为背景

age n. 1). length of time someone has lived 年龄;寿命

2). period of history 时代;世纪

3). a long time 长时间

at the age of 在……岁的时候月

ago adv. back in time from now

ago 表示从现在算起的若干时间以前,谓语动词常用一般过去时

before 表示从过去某时算起的若干时间以前,谓语动词常用过去完成时

agree v. 1). say yes 同意;赞同

2). match 与……一致

agree with 表示同意某人的意见,想法,分析,解释等,还可表示 “与……一致”;适合(气候,食物等)”,常用 agree with sb.

agree to 表示“同意某项建议,计划,办法等”

agree on 表示 “就……取得一致意见”后常接表示具体协议的文件,计划,行动等。句中主语通常包括当事双方。

agreement n. 协议;同意

agriculture n. farming 农业

agricultural adj. 农业的

ahead adv. in front 在前,向前

ahead of 提前

aid v.& n. help 援助,帮助

first aid 急救

aim v.& . n. 1). intend 旨在;目的在于

2). point toward 瞄准(常与 at 连用)

n. 1. The at of directing a weapon 瞄准

2. the desired result of one'e efforts 目标、目的

air n. mixture of gases that we breathe 空气;气氛

v. let in air 使……通风

by air 乘飞机(by plane)

in the air 在空中

on the air (用无线电,电视)播送

aircraft n. plane 航空器(单复数同形)

airline n. business that carries passengers and goods by air 航空公司;航空系统

airliner n. 大型客机

airport n. a place where aircraft regularly land or take off 航空港

alive adj. living 活着

dead 死去

alive 常作表语,作定语时须放在被修饰的词的后面

living 强调的是“健在”,“尚在人间”这一现在情况;alive 只用来说明生死之间的“界线”

all pron. adj. & adv. the whole of ; every one of 全部,所有(的)

1. 可修饰可数名词,也可修饰不可数名词,而复数视主语而定

2. all 修饰名词时,名词前须加定冠词 the 或形容词性物主代词my, his, her等

3. whole 不能修饰物质名词或专有名词,不说 the whole water,但可以说the whole of the water

all right 好,行 all the time 一直

all the same 仍然 all one’s life 一生

all over the world 全世界 not at all 一点也不

allow v. to let (someone) do something; let (something) be done 允许

let 指不反对和不阻止,后接不带to的不定式作宾补

allow 指听任或默认某人去做某事

permit 表示正式地许可,会比较积极地同意某人去做某事

promise 表示答应许诺,表示主语许诺要去做某事

almost adv. very nearly 差不多;几乎

almost 与 nearly 的主要区别:

修饰 no, none, never, any 以及 no, 和 any 的合成词时,一般用 almost

alone adj. & adv. without others 单独;独自; only 仅仅;只有

alone 作形容词,只用作表语,强调客观上的单独,不指心理上的寂寞

lonely 寂寞的,偏僻的

along prep. toward the end of 沿着……

adv. forward; on 向前,往前;with others 共同

aloud adv. in a voice that can be heard 高声

read aloud 朗读

think aloud 自言自语把心里想的说出来

aloud 表示出声,并非很大声

loud 响亮地;大声地

loudly 含有“喧闹”的意思

already adv. by or before a stated time 已经

already 常用于肯定句

yet 常用于否定句和疑问句

still 表示仍然,仍旧,可以用于肯定句,否定句或疑问句

also too, as well 也;并且

also 用于肯定句,通常位于 be 动词,助动词或情态动词之后,行为动词之前

too 用于肯定句,比 also 通俗,可放在句中,也可入在句末

either 用于否定句,只放在句末

as well 放在句末

although conj. & though 虽然,尽管

though 更常用,两者可兼用;though 可放在句尾; although 不可放在句尾

altogether adv. completely 全部一起,总共

always adv. at all times 总是;for ever 永远

always 总是,含“毫无意外”之意

often 指“经常性”的动作

usually 侧重已形成“习惯”的角度;说明动作

amazing adj. surprising 令人惊奇的

America n. 美国;美洲

American adj. 美国的;美洲的 n. 美国人;美洲人

among prep. in the middle of 在……之中

among 应是三者或三者以上

between 常指两者之间;还可作副词用,表示 “在……其间”

ancestor n. forefather 祖先

ancient adj. 古代的

and conj. as well as 和;又

and so on 等等

anger n. fierce displeasure 恼火;气愤

angry adj. 愤怒的;生气的

be angry ( mad) with sb. 生某人的气

be angry at ( about ) sth. 为某事生气

animal n. a living creature ( not a plant ) 动物;畜牲般的人

announce v. make known publicly

announcement n. 通告,通知

announce 与 declare的区别:

announce 指正式“公布”,“宣布”,侧重预告人们关心或感兴趣的事情,尤指新闻

declare 正式向公众宣布,侧重“当众”发表,多用于宣战、议和、宣判等

another pron. an additional one 另一个

another 用于三个或以上中的一个

the other 指两个中余下的那一个(注:the other 还可修饰复数名词)

one after another 一个接一个

answer v & n. reply to 回答,答案

answer 及物动词

reply 不及物动词vi.,后接 to,为书面用语

an answering machine 留言机

answer for 对……负有责任,受到惩罚

ant n. a small insect living on the ground in well -ordered group and famous for hard work

Antarctica n. & adj. the most southern part of the world 南极洲

anxious adj. troubled 忧虑的;担心的

eager 渴望的

be anxious about 为……不安

be anxious for 1).为……担心 2).很想要某样东西 = be anxious to do

any[ ] pron. & adv. one; every 任何;任何人,一些。一般用于否定句和疑问句,表示“任何数量”,可修饰可数或不可数名词,用于肯定句表示“任何一个”。

anybody; anyone 任何人

anything 任何事

anyhow ( anyway ) 无论如何

anywhere 任何地方

anytime 无论何时

apart from besides 除了

apologize v. say sorry 道歉

apologize to sb. for sth. 因某事向某人道歉

make an apology to sb. for sth. 因某人向某人道歉

a letter of apology 道歉信

appear vi. be seen 出现; seem 似乎

appearance n. 出现

appearances n. 外表

disappear vi.消失

apple n. a hard round fruit with juicy flesh and usu. a red green or yellow skin 苹果

the apple of someone's eye 掌上明珠

application n. request 申请;申请书

apply for 申请

apply to 适用于

appreciate v. enjoy 欣喜;be thankful for 感激(后接名词或动名词)

April n. the fourth month of the year 四月

April fool 在愚人节(4月1日)早上受骗的人

area n. a particular space 区域;范围

argue v. provide reasons for or against 辩论;争论

argument n. 争论

argue with sb. about ( on, over ) sth. 就某事与某人争论

argue for 主张

argue against 据理反对

arm n. either of the 2 upper limbs of a human being 胳膊;手臂

arm in arm 挽臂

take sth.(sb.) in one's arms 抱

take up arms 拿起武器

armchair n. 扶手椅

army n. a large body of people armed and trained for war 军队

around prep & adv. in every direction; surround 到处,四周;大约

round 为 adj. adv. n. & v.

around 只有 prep. 或 adv.

arrive vi. reach a place

arrive at 到达(小地点)

arrive in 到达(大地点)

arrival n. 到达

art n. the making or expression of what is beautiful e.g. in music, literature, or painting 艺术;艺术品;技巧

artist 艺术家(尤指画家)

as conj. adv. & prep. in the same degree 和一样;由于;作为

as a matter of fact 事实上

as...as 象……一样

not as...as 不象

as a result 结果

as a rule 通常

as usual 照常

as well 也

as well as 和

serve as 用作

such as 象……那样

the same as 象……那样

ashamed adj. feeling shame, guilt or sorrow 感到羞愧;内疚; 悔恨

Asia n. 亚洲

Asian adj. 亚洲的 n. 亚洲人

ask v. request 问,请求,要求;邀请

ask for sth. 要求得到

ask sb. for sth. 请某人给某物

asleep adj. sleeping

fast (sound) asleep 熟睡

assistant n. person who helps 助手;助理

astonish vt. produce surprise or wonder 使吃惊(astonish 语气比surprise重)

astonished at (by) 对……感到吃惊

astonishing adj. 惊人的

astonishment n. 惊讶

at prep. showing where 在(小地点);在(某一时间);对(与动作的目标连用)

at the beginning of 开始

at last 最后

at least 至少

at most 最多

at first 起初

at table 进餐时

at a distance 在稍远处

at all 全然;完全不;究竟

at large 逍遥法外

at once 立刻

at present 现在

at sea 航行中;茫然

at the bottom of 在……底部

at the end of 在……的结尾

at the foot of 在……脚下

at the same time 同时

at high speed 高速地

athlete n. person who is skilled in running and jumping, etc.田径运动员

attack v.& n.1). bring violence 进攻

2). speak or write strongly against 用言语或文字攻击

3). harm; damage 伤害

attempt v.& n. try 试图;尝试(比 try 更正式;try 更常用)

attend v. 1). be present at 参加

2). pay attention to 注意

3). look after 照料

attend 指参加会议,听报告,典礼,仪式,上学等(attend to服务)

join 指加入某团体,如参军,入团等

join in 指参加比赛的活动

take part in 指参加群众性活动、运动、劳动等(在活动中发挥作用)

attention n. careful thought 注意,关心

pay attention to (接名词或动名词)

attitude n. way of feeling and behaving 态看法

attract vt. draw towards 吸引

attractive adj. 妩媚动人的;英俊的

August n. the 8th month of the year 8月

aunt n. sister of one's father or mother; or wife of uncle 姑;姨,婶,伯母,舅母

auntie = aunt

uncle 叔,伯,舅,姑父,姨父

Australia n. 澳大利亚

Australian adj. 澳大利亚的 n. 澳大利亚人

autumn n. the season after summer 秋天;秋

fall 秋天(美语)

avenue n. street 大街(多指林荫大道)

average n. amount by adding together and then divided by the number 平均;平均数

on average 按平均数计算

awake adj. not asleep 醒着的,知道的

v. (awoke; awoken) wake 唤醒

away adv. to or at another place 离开;不在;在别处

be away from 远离……

go/run away 走/跑开

right away 立刻

far away 遥远
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