What are pyramids？
The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt’s kings—the Pharaohs1 and one of the world’s greatest historical mysteries. They have stood for thousands of years， filled with many hidden secrets： clues about what life （and death） was like in Ancient Egypt.
Why did the Ancient Egyptians build pyramids？
The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh’s body could be mummified2 after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh’s body and his belongings.
Where were they built？ Why？
Most of the pyramids can be found on the western side of the Nile River， just into the dry desert. They built the pyramids next to the Nile River so it would be easier to get the blocks to the pyramid. The stones could be bought nearer to the pyramid building site by boat. The dry desert worked to keep the Pharaohs’ body and his belongings from decomposing3 and rotting4 away.
What is the name of the most famous pyramid？
The Great Pyramid is the largest and most famous of the pyramids. It was built for the Pharaoh Khuf. It is over 140 meters high and it took 20 years to build it.
What guards the pyramids？
The Sphinx stands in front of all the pyramids in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh.
How do pyramids help us know so much about life in Ancient Egypt？
Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes of the dead persons’ life. We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the walls of pyramids. In this painting we can see some of the animals they kept. By examining the artifacts5 and paintings in the tombs， we have been able to understand a lot more about life in Ancient Egypt.
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