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【英文阅读】金字塔的秘密

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金字塔的秘密

 【英文阅读】金字塔的秘密
  What are pyramids?
  The pyramids are the stone tombs of Egypt’s kings—the Pharaohs1 and one of the world’s greatest historical mysteries. They have stood for thousands of years, filled with many hidden secrets: clues about what life (and death) was like in Ancient Egypt.


  金字塔是什么?
  金字塔是埃及国王法老们的石墓——也是世界上最难解的历史神秘事物之一。它们已经矗立了数千年,隐藏着无数的秘密——关于古埃及生活和死亡的线索。
  Why did the Ancient Egyptians build pyramids?
  The Egyptians believed that if the pharaoh’s body could be mummified2 after death the pharaoh would live forever. The tombs were designed to protect the buried Pharaoh’s body and his belongings.

pyramids 
  古埃及人为什么建造金字塔?
  古埃及人认为,如果法老的遗体能被做成木乃伊,法老就能永生。坟墓被设计来保护埋葬的法老和他的陪葬品。
  Where were they built? Why?
  Most of the pyramids can be found on the western side of the Nile River, just into the dry desert. They built the pyramids next to the Nile River so it would be easier to get the blocks to the pyramid. The stones could be bought nearer to the pyramid building site by boat. The dry desert worked to keep the Pharaohs’ body and his belongings from decomposing3 and rotting4 away.


  金字塔建在哪里?为什么?
  大部分金字塔位于尼罗河的西边,刚好在干旱的沙漠地区内。古埃及人把金字塔建造在尼罗河边,这样搬运巨石到金字塔会更容易。这些巨石可以用船只运到金字塔建筑旁边。干旱的沙漠则有助于法老遗体和陪葬品免遭分解和腐蚀。
  What is the name of the most famous pyramid?
  The Great Pyramid is the largest and most famous of the pyramids. It was built for the Pharaoh Khuf. It is over 140 meters high and it took 20 years to build it.


  最有名的金字塔叫什么?
  “大金字塔”是金字塔中最大、最有名的。它为法老胡夫而造。“大金字塔”高度超过了140米,花了20年时间建成。
  What guards the pyramids?
  The Sphinx stands in front of all the pyramids in Giza. It has the body of a lion and the head of a pharaoh.


  守卫金字塔的是什么?
  斯芬克斯狮身人面像矗立在吉萨的所有金字塔前面。它有狮子的身体和法老的头。
  How do pyramids help us know so much about life in Ancient Egypt?
  Ancient Egyptians were buried with their belongings and the tomb walls were painted with scenes of the dead persons’ life. We can learn about how the Egyptians lived by looking at the walls of pyramids. In this painting we can see some of the animals they kept. By examining the artifacts5 and paintings in the tombs, we have been able to understand a lot more about life in Ancient Egypt.


  金字塔如何帮助我们深入了解古埃及生活?
  古埃及人死后和陪葬品埋在了一起,坟墓的墙壁上被画成了死者生前生活的场面。通过看这些金字塔的壁画,我们可以知道古代埃及人如何生存。我们可以从这些画里看到古埃及人养的一些动物。通过考查这些墓中的文物和壁画,我们可以了解很多关于古代埃及人的生活。

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【英文阅读】金字塔的秘密:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/seyy/201612/53215.html
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