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地铁施工常用英文词汇

作者:铁路英语    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2010/1/27

在铁路建设和地铁施工中常用的英语单词汇总:铁路;铁道 railway railroad 
铁路线 railway line; railroad line 
铁路网 railway network; railroad network 
铁道科学 railway science 
铁路技术 railway technology 
铁路等级 railway classification 
国有铁路 national railway; state railway 
地方铁路 local railway; regional railway 
私有铁路 private railway 
合资铁路 joint investment railway; jointly owned railway 
标准轨铁路 standard-gage railway 
窄轨铁路 narrow-gage railway 
米轨铁路 meter-gage railway 
宽轨铁路 broad-gage railway 
单线铁路 single track railway 
双线铁路 double track railway 
多线铁路 multiple track railway 
重载铁路 heavy haul railway 
高速铁路 high speed railway 
电气化铁路;电力铁路 electrified railway; electric railway 
干线铁路 main line railway; trunk railway 
市郊铁路 suburban railway 
地下铁道;地铁 subway; metro; underground railway 
工业企业铁路 industry railway 
矿山铁路 mine railway 
轻轨铁路 light railway; light rail 
高架铁路 elevated railway 
单轨铁路;独轨铁路 monorail; monorail railway 
磁浮铁路 magnetic levitation railway; maglev 
森林铁路 forest railway 
山区铁路 mountain railway 
既有铁路 existing railway 
新建铁路 newly-built railway 
改建铁路 reconstructed railway 
运营铁路 railway in operation; operation; operating railway 
专用铁路 special purpose railway 
干线 trunk line; main line 
支线 branch line 
铁路专用线 railway special line 
货运专线 railway line for freight traffic; freight special line; freight traffic only line 
客运专线 railway line for passenger traffic; passenger special line; passenger traffic only line 
客货运混合铁路 railway line for mixed passenger and freight traffic 
铁路运营长度;运营里程 operation length of railway; operating distance; revenue length 
列车运行图 train diagram 
铁路建筑长度 construction length of railway 
区间 section 
区段 district 
轨距 rail gage; rail gauge 
轮重 wheel load 
轴重 axle load 
最大轴重 maximum allowable axle load 
限制轴重 axle load limited 
限界 clearance; gauge 
限界图 clearance diagram 
铁路建筑限界 railway construction clearance; structure clearance for railway; railway struction gauge
基本建筑限界 fundamental construction clearance; fundamental structure gauge 
桥梁建筑限界 bridge construction clearance; bridge structure gauge 
隧道建筑界限 tunnel construction clearance; tunnel structure gauge 
铁路机车车辆限界 rolling stock clearance for railway; vehicle gauge 
机车车辆上部限界 clearance limit for upper part of rolling stock 
机车车辆下部限界 clearance limit for lower part of rolling stock 
装载限界 loading clearance limit; loading gauge 
阔大货物限界 clearance limit for freight with exceptional dimension; clearance limit for oversize commodities 
接触网限界 clearance limt for overhead contract wire; clearance limit for overhead catenary system;

 

overhead catenary system gauge 
列车与线路相互作用 track-train interaction 
轮轨关系 wheel-rail relation; wheel-rail interaction 
粘着系数 adhesion coefficient 
车轮滑行 wheel sliding; wheel skid 
车轮空转 wheel slipping 
牵引种类 kinds of traction; category of traction 
牵引方式 mode of traction 
牵引定数 tonnage rating; tonnage of traction 
装载系数 loading coefficient 
速度 speed 
持续速度 continuous speed 
限制速度 limited speed; speed restriction 
均衡速度 balancing speed 
构造速度 construction speed; design speed 
最高速度 maximum speed 
临界速度 critical speed 
重载列车 heavy haul train 
高速列车 high speed train 
超长超重列车 exceptionally long and heavy train 
列车正面冲突 train collision 
列车尾追 train tail collision 
列车尾部防护 train rear end protection 
伸缩运动 fore and aft motion 
蛇行运动 hunting; nosing 
列车压缩 train running in 
列车拉伸 train running out 
列车分离 train separation 
列车颠覆 train overturning 
列车动力学 train dynamics 
列车空气动力学 train acrodynamics 
机车车辆振动 vibration of rolling stock 
纵向振动 longitudinal vibration 
横向振动 lateral vibration 
垂向振动 vertical vibration 
摆滚振动 rock-roll vibration 
浮沉振动 bouncing; vibration 
测滚振动 rolling ; vibration 
测摆振动 swaying; vibration 
点头振动 pitching; nodding 
摇头振动 yawing; hunting 
机车车辆共振 resonance of rolling stock 
机车车辆冲击 impact of rolling 
纵向冲击 longitudinal impact 
横向冲击 lateral impact 
垂向冲击 vertical impact 
货运站综合作业自动化 automation of synthetic operations at freight station 
行车指挥自动化 automation of traffic control 
编组场综合作业自动化 automation of synthetic operations in marshalling yard 
铁路运营信息系统 railway operation information system 
铁路数据交换系统 railway data exchange system 
运营系统模拟 simulation of operation system 
铁路法 railway law 
铁道法规 railway act 
铁路条例 railway code 
铁路技术管理规程 regulations of railway technical operation 
综合运输 comprehensive transport; multi-mode transport; intermode transport 
国际铁路联运 international railway through traffic 
大陆桥;洲际铁路 transcontinental railway; intercontinental railway; land-railway 
国际联运协定 agreement of international through traffic 
国际联运议定书 protocol of international through traffic 
国际铁路联运公约 convention of international railway through traffic 
铁路新线建设 newly-built railway construction 
铁路技术改造 technical reform of railway; technical renovation of railway; betterment and improvement of railway 
铁路主要技术条件 main technical standard of railway; main techincal requirement of railway 
单位工程 unit project 
分部工程 part project 
分项工程 item project 
预可行性研究 pre-feasibility study 
项目建议书 proposed task of project 
可行性研究 feasibility study 
设计阶段 design phase; design stage 
三阶段设计 three-step design; three-phase design 
两阶段设计 two-step design; two-phase design 
一阶段设计 one-step design; one-phase design 
初步设计 preliminary design 
技术设计 technical design 
扩大初步设计 enlarged preliminary design; expanded preliminary design 
施工图设计 construction detail design; working-drawing design 
变更设计 altered design 
设计概算 apporximate estimate of design; budgetary estimate of design 
个别概算 individual approximate estimate 
综合概算 comprehensive approximate estimate 
总概算 sum of approximate estimate; total estimate; summary estimate 
修正总概算 amended sum of approximate estimate; revised general estimate 
调整总概算 adjusted sum of approximate estimate 
投资检算 checking of investment 
预算定额 rating of budget; rating form for budget 
概算定额 rating of approximate estimate; rating form for estimate 
投资估算 investment estimate 
估算指标 index of estimate 
机械台班定额 rating per machine per team; rating per machine-team 
工程直接费 direct expense of project; direct cost of project 
工程间接费 indirect expense of project; indirect cost of project 
工程预备费 reserve fund of project 
设计鉴定 certification of design; appraisal of design 
竣工决算 final accounts of completed project 
铁路用地 right-of-way 
铁路勘测 railway reconnaissance 
调查测绘 survey and drawing of investigation; investigation survey; investigation surveying and sketching
地形调查 topographic survey 
地貌调查 topographic feature survey; geomorphologic survey 
地质调查 geologic survey 
经济调查 economic investigation; economic survey 
水文地质调查 hydrogeologic survey 
土石成分调查 survey of soil and rock composition 
土石物理力学性质 physical and mechanical properties of soil and rock 
土石分类 classificaion of soil and rock 
地基承载力 bearing capacity of foundation; bearing capacity of ground; bearing of subgrade 
隧道围岩分级 classification of tunnel surrounding rock 
地质图测绘 survey and drawing of geological map; surveying and sketching of geological map
勘探 exploration; prospecting 
挖探 excavation prospecting 
钻探 boring; exploration drilling 
物探 geophysical prospecting 
室内测试 indoor test; laboratory test 
原位测试 in situ test 
静力触探 static sounding; static probing; cone penetration test 
动力触探试验 dynamic penetration test 
标准贯入试验 standard penetration test 
区域地质 regional geology 
工程地质 engineering geology 
不良地质 unfavorable geology 
特殊地质 special geology 
工程地质条件 engineering geologic; requirement; engineering geologic condition 
气象资料 meteorological data 
冻结深度 freezing depth 
地震基本烈度 basic intensity of earthquake; seismic basic intensity 
工程地质图 engineering geological map 
地层柱状图 column diagram of stratum; graphic logs of strata; drill log of stratum 
洪水调查 flood survey 
河道调查 river course survey 
冰凌调查 ice floe survey; frazil ice survey 
汇水区流域特征调查 survey of catchment basin characteristics 
水文断面 hydrologic sectional drawing; dydrologic section; hydrologic cross-section 
主河槽 main river channel 
设计流速 design current velocity 
设计高程;设计标高 design elevation 
河流比降 slope of river; comparable horizon of river 
历史洪水位 historic flood level 
最高水位 highest water level; HWL 
通航水位 navigation water level; NWL 
桥涵水文 hydrology of bridge and culvert 
水利半径 hydraulic radius 
桥前壅水高度 backwater height in front of bridge; top water level in front of bridge 
桥渡勘测设计 survey and design of bridge crossing 
水面坡度 slope of water surface 
水文测量 hydrological survey 
泥石流流域 catchment basin of debris flow 
分水岭 watershed; dividing ridge 
汇水面积 catchment area; water collecting area; drainage area 
洪水频率 flood frequency 
设计流量 design discharge 
设计水位 design water level 
施工水位 construction level; construction water level; working water level 
设计洪水过程线 designed flood hydrograph 
容许冲刷 allowable scour 
一般冲刷 general scour 
局部冲刷 local scour; partial scour 
铁路测量 railway survey 
线路踏勘;草测 route reconnaissance 
初测 preliminary survey 
定测 location survey; alignment; final location survey 
导线测量 traversing; traverse survey 
光电导线 photoelectric traverse 
地形测量 topographical survey 
横断面测量 cross leveling; cross-section survey; cross-section leveling 
线路测量 route survey; profile survey; longitudinal survey 
既有线测量;旧线测量 survey of existing railway 
线路复测 repetition survey of existing railway; resurvey of existing railway 
测量精度 survey precision; precision of survey 
均方差;中误差 mean square error 
最大误差;极限误差 maximum error; limiting error 
中线测量 center line survey 
中线桩 center line stake 
加桩 additional stake; plus stake 
外移桩 shift out stake; stake outward; offset stake 
水准点高程测量 benchmark leveling 
中桩高程测量;中平 center stake leveling 
曲线控制点 curve control point 
放线 setting-out of route; lay out of route 
交点 intersection point 
副交点 auxiliary intersection point 
转向角 deflection angle 
分转向角 auxiliary deflection angle 
坐标方位角 plane-coordinate azimuth 
象限角 quadrantal angle 
经纬距 plane rectangular coordinate 
断链 broken chain 
投影断链 projection of broken chain 
断高 broken height 
铁路航空摄影测量;铁路航测 railway aerial photogrammetry 
铁路航空勘测 railway aerial surveying 
航带设计 flight strip design; design of flight strip 
铁路工程地质遥感 remote sensing of railway engineering geology 
测段 segment of survey 
航测选线 aerial surveying alignment 
航测外控点 field control point of aerophotogrammetry 
全球定位系统 global positioning system; GPS 
像片索引图 index of photography 
三角测量 trigonometric survey; triangulation 
精密导线测量 precise traverse survey; accurate traverse survey 
三角高程测量 trigonometric leveling 
隧道洞外控制测量 ouside tunnel control survey 
隧道洞内控制测量 in tunnel control survey; through survey 
隧道洞口投点 horizontal point of tunnel portal; geodetic control point of portal location of adit 
桥轴线测量 survey of bridge axis 
铁路选线 railway location; approximate railway location; location of railway route selection 
平原地区选线 location in plain region; plain location 
越岭选线 location of mountain line; location of line in mountain region; location over mountain 
山区河谷选线 mountain and valley region location; location of line of in mountain and valley region 
丘陵地段选线 hilly land location; location of line on hilly land 
工程地质选线 engineering geoligic location of line 
线间距 distance between centers of tracks; midway between tracks 
车站分布 distribution of stations 
方案比选 scheme comparison; route alternative 
投资回收期 repayment period of capital cost 
纸上定线 paper location of line 
缓坡地段 section of easy grade; section of gentle slope 
紧坡地段 section of sufficient grade 
非紧坡地段 section of unsufficient grade; section fo insufficient grade 
导向线 leading line; alignment guiding line 
拔起高度;克服高度 height of lifting; lifting height; ascent of elevation 
横断面选线 cross-section method of railway location; location with cross-section method; cross-section method for location of line 
展线 extension of line; development of line; line development 
展线系数 coefficient of extension line; coefficient of development line 
套线 overlapping line 
线路平面图 track plan; line plan 
线路纵断面图 track profile; line profile 
站坪长度 length of station site 
站坪坡度 grade of station site 
控制区间 control section; controlling section 
最小曲线半径 minimum radius of curve 
圆曲线 circular curve 
单曲线 simple curve 
缓和曲线 transition curve; easement curve; spiral transition curve 
缓和曲线半截变更率 rate of easement curvature; rate of transition curve 
复曲线 compound curve 
同向曲线 curves of same sense; adjacent curves in one direction 
反向曲线 reverse curve; curve of opposite sense 
夹直线 intermediate straight line; tangent between curves 
坡度 grade; gradient; slope 
人字坡 double spur grade 
限制坡度 ruling grade; limiting grade 
加力牵引坡度 pusher grade; assisting grade 
最大坡度 maximum grade 
临界坡度 critical grade 
长大坡度 long steep grade; long heavy grade 
动力坡度 momentum grade 
均衡坡度 balanced grade 
有害地段 harmful district 
无害地段 harmless district 
变坡点 point of gradient change; breake in grade 
坡段 grade section 
坡段长度 length of grade section 
坡度差 algebraic difference between adjacent gradients 
竖曲线 vertical curve 
分坡平段 level stretch between opposite sign gradient 
缓和坡度 slight grade; flat grade; easy grade 
起动缓坡 flat gradient for starting 
加速缓坡 easy gradient for acceleration; accelerating grade 
坡度折减 compensation of gradient; gradient compensation; grade compensation 
曲线折减 compensation of curve; curve compesation 
隧道坡度折减 compensation of gradient in tunnel; compensation grade in tunnel 
绕行地段 detouring section; round section 
换侧;换边 change side of double line 
容许应力设计法 allowable stress design method 
破损阶段设计法 plastic stage design method 
极限状态设计法 limit state design method 
概率极限状态设计法;可靠度设计法 probabilisatic limit state design method 
地震系数法 seismic coefficient method 
路基 subgrade; road bed; formation subgrade 
岩石路基 rock subgrade 
渗水土路基 permeable soil subgrade; pervious embankment 
非渗水土路基 non-permeable soil subgrade; impervious embankment 
特殊土路基 subgrade of special soil 
软土地区路基 subgrade in soft soil zone; subgrade in soft; clay region 
泥沼地区路基 subgrade in bog zone; subgrade in morass region; subgrade in swampland 
膨胀土地区路基;裂土地区路基 subgrade in swelling soil zone; subgrade in expansive soil region 
盐渍土地区路基 subgrade in salty soil zone; subgrade in saline soil region 
多年冻土路基 subgrade in permafrost soil zone 
特殊条件下的路基 subgrade under special condition 
河滩路堤 embankment on plain river beach 
滨河路堤 embankment on river bank 
水库路基 subgrade in reservoir; embankment crossing reservoir 
崩塌地段路基 subgrade in rock fall district; subgrade in collapse zone 
岩堆地段路基 subgrade in rock deposit zone; subgrade in talus zone; subgrade in scree zone 
滑坡地段路基 subgrade in slide 
岩溶地段路基;喀斯特地段路基 subgrade in karst zone 
洞穴地段路基 subgrade in cavity zone; subgrade in cavern zone 
风沙地段路基 subgrade in windy and sandy zone; subgrade in desert 
雪害地段路基 subgrade in snow damage zone; subgrade in snow disaster zone 
泥石流地段路基 subgrade in debris flow zone 
路基横断面 subgrade cross-section 
路基面 subgrade surface; formation 
路基面宽度 width of the subgrade surface; formation width 
路拱 road crown; subgrade crown 
路肩 Road shoulder; subgrade shoulder 
路肩高程 formation level; shoulder level 
路堤 embankment; fill 
路堑 cut; road; cutting 
半堤半堑 part-cut and part-fill section; cut and fill section 
基床 subgrade bed; formation 
基床表层 surface layer of subgrade bed; formation top layer; surface layer of subgrade 
基床表层 bottom layer of subgrade; formation base layer; bottom layer of subgrade bed

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