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中药炮制类英语词汇第 5 页

作者:中药炮制    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2009/9/14
制药英语

塘火  fire remained in ashes

溏心  prepared drugs with external well done and internal half done caused by improper control of  duration and degree of heating

糖拌炒  stir-heating drugs with (refined) white sugar

烫  scalding

烫净  removing the hair of drugs by burning

烫去毛  remove fuzz by scalding

淘净  remove foreign matters from drugs by panning

剔  picking out and getting rid of

剔除  rejecting ;  picking out

提浸法  method for processing by soaking and extracting

屉蒸  steaming drugs in a bamboo steamer

挑拣  picking and choosing

挑选  sorting

铁碾  iron-made boat-like grinder

铜刀切  cutting with copper knife

铜钱片  copper coin-shaped drug slices

童便  fresh urine from boys under 12

童便浸  soaking in fresh urine of boys under 12

土  soil;  earth

土炒  stir-heating with soil

土制补中  processing with soil for reinforcing the function of the spleen and stomach

吐丝  something like silk appears when soaking or boiling

 

W

挖取毛(果皮内) pick out the hair from interior of fruit shell

外干内软  the outer part being dry while the internal part being soft

弯曲法  bending method (for testing the degree of softening)

挽卷  preparing drugs into rolls of certain specification

旺制  strong heating fire

微波干燥法  method for drying drugs with microwave

微炒  stir-heating slightly

微火  mild heating fire

微有麻辣感  having slight sense of numbness and pungency

微煮  boiling drugs for a short time

煨   roasting; cooking by surrounding with hot embers

煨者去燥性  getting rid of dryness by roasting

味甘如饴  sweet as malt sugar

温汤  warm soup

文火  mild heating fire

文武火  alternatively use of mild and strong fire

无灰酒  lime-free rice wine

吴茱萸汁  Fructus Evodiae juice

吴茱萸制抑苦寒  bitter and cold properties of drugs being decreased after processing with Fructus Evodiae juice

五类分类法  five categories for preparing Chinese medicine: purification , preparation with water, preparation with fire, preparation with both water and fire and the others

五味  five taste of drugs : pungent, sweet, sour, bitter and salty

武火  strong heating fire

勿令犯火  avoid heating

勿令犯水  avoid touching water

 

X

洗  washing

洗净  remove foreign matters form drugs by washing

洗润  moistening after washing

细丝  shredded slice about 2-3 mm wide

下气  therapeutic method to keep the adverse qi flowing downward

鲜切  cutting drugs into pieces when  fresh

鲜用  being used in fresh state

相对湿度  relative humidity

相恶为制  processing with drugs that can damage or reduce the effects

相反为制  processing with drugs that have different or opposite property and flavor so as to  decrease the toxicity or side effects

相杀为制  processing with drugs that can lessen or remove the toxicity or side effects

相须为制  processing with drugs that have similar properties or functions to strengthen the effects

相资为制  processing with drugs that have the same or similar property and flavour so as to promote its original property, flavour and function

小紧眼筛  mesh whose diameter is 1.33 mm.

小中眼筛  mesh whose diameter is 4.5 mm.

斜片  slices cut in oblique section

修事  processing of Chinese crude drug

修制合度  qualified processing

修治  processing of Chinese crude drug

 

Y

压碾  pressing and grinding

压去油  press drugs for removing fat or oil

延胡筛  mesh whose diameter is 10 mm

研末  abrasive powder

研如膏  grind drugs into paste

盐  salt

盐炒  stir-heating with salt

盐水  salt solution

盐水炒  stir-heating with water decoction of salt

盐水淬  tempering by dipping in water decoction of salt

盐水浸  soaking in salt

盐水洗  washing with water decoction of salt

盐水蒸  steaming drugs with salt solution

盐水制  processing with salt solution

盐水煮  boiling in salt solution

盐制入肾  drugs processed with salt generally manifest their effects on kidney

盐炙  stir-heating drugs with salt solution

扬  winning

羊脂  sheep’s fat

羊脂制  stir-heating with the fat of sheep

阳干  drying by exposing to the sun

腰片  kidney-shaped drug slices

咬白  the appearance of sprouts beginning to appear

药汁淬  quenching with drug juice

药汁泡  soaking in water decoction

药汁制  processing with drug decoction

药煮  boiling drugs

液体辅料  kind of dressing which is liquid or sticky under normal temperature

一炊时time for making a meal

一伏时  time period of a day and night

一刻  a quarter: as one hundredth part of a day measured by copper clepsydra

一时辰  two hours ( time unit in ancient time )

一宿  one night

一夕  one night

一宵  one night

一夜  one night

一柱香  time period for burning out one stick of incense

依方炮制  processing in accordance with prescription

阴干  drying under shape

阴阳水  boiled water mixed with newly-fetched water

银花汁  honeysuckle juice

饮片  crude drugs slice processed for decoction

饮片干燥  drying slices

油片  slice of bleeding

油砂  sand prepared with oil

油砂炒  stir-heating with oily sand

油炸  deep-frying with sesame oil

油脂制  stir-heating drugs with animal fats

油炙  stir-frying with sesame oil

鱼子片  5-10 mm long transverse pieces of drugs

圆片  slides cut in transverse section

圆气  steaming the drugs with heavy steam emitted from the steamer

 

Z

杂质  impurity

砸碎  break into piece

灶心土  oven earth

皂角  Fructus Gleditsiae

皂角水制  processing with water decoction of Chinese Honey locust Abnormal Fruit

轧碎  break into piece

炸心片  slices with broken center

粘连  attaching together

掌握水头  control the water-absorption and softening of drugs

真空加温润药法  method for moistening crude-drugs by warm-soaking under vacuum

蒸  steaming

蒸镑  softening drug by steaming and cutting it into pieces with Bang knife

蒸饼  process drugs into cakes then steam them 

蒸法  steaming

蒸笼  steamer tub

蒸露  distillation

蒸闷  be steamed in a sealed container

蒸气干燥法  method for drying drugs with hot steam

蒸切  cutting the drugs softened by  steaming into pieces

蒸软  be steamed soft

蒸桶  tub-shape steamer

芝麻点  sesame spots

芝麻油  sesame oil

直火煅  calcining drugs directly on flame

直火干燥法  method for drying drugs directly on flame

直片  slices cut in longitudinal section

纸煨  roasting drugs wrapped in wet paper

指甲片  nail-shaped drug slices

指掐法  method for testing the degree of softness by hand nipping

制其味  depress the flavour of drugs

制其形  change the shape of drugs

制其性  weaken the over –strong character of drugs

制其质  change the texture of drugs

制绒  process fibre into fine and soft material

制霜  make frost-like powder

制炭法  method for charcoal processing 

制用  being used after processing

治削  cleansing

炙  stir-heating with liquid adjuvant

炙法  stir-heating drugs with liquid adjuvant

炙酥  make the drug crisp by stir-heating with adjuvants

质酥脆  property of crisp

中段  length of drug which is about 15 mm long

中火  medium heating

中蜜  honey refined until its temperature reaches 116-118C with loss of 13% contained water d=1.37 approximately

中药炮制  processing traditional Chinese material media

中药炮制学  science of processing traditional Chinese material media

皱纹片  slice like wrinkle

朱砂  Cinnabar

朱砂拌衣  coating the surface of drug with another drug in fine powder

朱砂点  Zhushadian (Cinnabar-shaped dots)

猪胆汁制  stir-heating drugs with the bile of pig

猪胆汁制泻火  drugs processed with pig’s bile purging intense heat

竹叶片  bamboo leaves

煮  boiling;  cooking

贮于密闭容器  store in an airtight container

自然软化法  softening drugs by absorbing  natural moisture

走味  change of odor and flavor caused by deterioration

走油  appearance of rancid oil seeping onto the surface of drug

晬时  a cycle of twenty-four hours

遵古炮制  processing in ancient way

作蘖  germination

作曲  processing of making leaven

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