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中药炮制类英语词汇第 4 页

作者:中药炮制    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2009/9/14
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三分刀功 ,七分润功  Skill of moisture is more important than that of cutting, there only three parts is the skill of cutting and seven parts is the skill of moisture.

三类分类法  three methods for preparation of traditional Chinese crude drugs, preparation with fire, preparation with water and preparation with both fire and water

桑柴火  heat of burning mulberry

色黑如漆  as black as lacquer

色泽  color and lustre 

砂  sand

砂罐煅  calcining drugs in a covered refractory pottery jar

砂锅煅  calcining drugs in a marmite

砂仁  Fructus Amomi

砂仁拌蒸  steaming drugs mixed with Frcutus Amomi

砂烫  stir-heating with hot sand

筛号  sieve number

筛选  sifting

筛子  sieve

晒干  drying under sunshine

山羊血  fresh goat blood

山羊血制  preparation of drugs with goat blood

伤火  over stir-heating or burning during preparation of drugs

伤水  excessive moisture-absorption of drugs during preparation

伤水  the time of wetting is too long;  excessive wetting time

烧灰淋汁  spraying juice on ashes

烧碳存性  nature of the drug partly preserved after carbonization by scorching

烧碳法  carbonization by scorching

渗析制霜法  method for preparing frost-like powder through dialysis

升华制霜法  method for preparing frost-like powder through sublimation

生姜汁  ginger juice

生片  slices being used after cleansing

生品  crude drugs

生升熟降  crude drugs pertain to ascending while cooked drugs pertain to descending

生泻熟补crude drug pertain to purgation while cooked drugs pertain to nourish

生用  being used after cleansing and cutting process

湿热法  method for processing drugs by moistening and warming

石灰炒  stir-heating with lime

石灰水  water decoction of lime

食盐水  water decoction of salt

手捏法  pinching method ( for testing the degree of softening )

熟地黄汁制  boiling in the steam water of Radix Rehmanniae Preparata

熟片  processed herbal pieces

熟用  being used after heat-processing

刷  brushing

刷净  clean drugs by brushing away foreign matters

刷去毛  remove fuzz by brushing

刷洗  brush with water

双润  softening the drugs twice so as to moisten

双润法  softening for twice

水淬  tempering by dipping in water

水飞  levigation

水火共制法  process of using both water and fire

水头  degree of drug softening

水制法  water processing method

顺刀片  slices cut in longitudinal section

丝  slivers

丝片  shredded slice

丝条片  cutting into long slice

四气  four properties of drug , i.e. cold, hot, warm and cool

四性  four properties of drugs , i.e. ascending , descending, floating and sinking

松泡  puffy

酥  crisp

酥脆  crispy

酥浸  soaking in butter

酥蜜法  method for stir-heating drugs with butter and honey

酥油炙  stir-frying with butter, stir-heating with butter

酥制  processing with butter

酥炙  stir-heating with butter

 

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摊晾  spreading and drying in the air

炭药  carbonized drugs

塘灰火  remained fire in hot ashes

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