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中药炮制类英语词汇第 3 页

作者:中药炮制    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2009/9/14

 

英语单词:中药制剂

M

麻辣感  sense of numbness and pungency

马蹄片  horse hoof-shaped drugs slices

马尾罗  mesh whose diameter is about 0.96mm.

麦麸  wheat bran

麦面  flour

慢火  slow fire which lasts long

眉毛片  eyebrow-shaped drugs slices

霉烂  appearance of going moldy and getting rotten

闷润  softening drugs by putting the washed or moistened drugs in a sealed container.

焖煅  calcining drugs under sealed-up condition

焖火煅  calcining drugs under sealed-up condition

米炒  stir-heating with rice

米醋  rice vinegar

米泔水  rice-washed water

米泔水制  processing with rice-washed water

米节  length of drugs less than 9 mm

米酒  rice wine

米汤  water in which rice has been cooked

密闭煅  calcining drugs under sealed-up condition

密闭养护法  method for maintaining the property by sealed-up

蜜  honey

蜜麩  mixture of bran and water diluted honey

蜜浸法  soaking in honey

蜜水炒  stir-heating with water diluted honey

蜜水浸焙  drying by the fire after soaking in water diluted honey

蜜制和中  processing with honey for regulating and normalizing the function of stomach and spleen

蜜制益元  processing with honey for benefit vitality

蜜炙  stir-heating drugs with water diluted honey

面煨  roasting drugs wrapped in flour paste

明煅  calcining drugs in open air

末节  segments

牡蛎粉  Oyster shell powder

牡蛎粉炒  stir-heating with oyster shell powder

木甑蒸  steaming with “Muzhen”

木甄  Muzhen --- a kind of Chinese wood container be used to steam

 

N

内无白心  no white colored core found after boiling

内无干心  no dried core found after soaking

嫩蜜  honey refined until its temperature reaches 105-110 C with loss of 3% contained water, d=1.34 approximately

碾  grinding with roller

尿泡  soaking in urine

蘖法  budding---a method of making the seeds sprouting

蘖米  sprout

牛乳  milk

糯米  polished glutinous rice

 

P

拍  patting

盘香片 incense coil-shaped drug slices

刨  plane

炮  process of roasting or stir-heating

炮裂  cracking by stir-heating

炮制  processing crude drugs

炮制品  processed drugs

泡  soaking

泡润  softening drugs by soaking them in water

喷淋  spraying

喷润  softening drugs by spraying little water

喷洒  spraying

劈  chopping

劈法  chopping

劈开法  method for splitting drugs

片  slices;  pieces  

片型  piece shape of drug

片张  the outer characters of piece

漂  blanching and rinsing by frequently refreshing the water

漂净  removing salt, stinking smell and toxin of drugs by rinse

频换水  change water frequently

曝  exposing to the sun

曝干  drying the drugs by solarizing

 

Q

起滑  formation of a layer of mucous on the surface of drugs during preparation with water

起沫  foaming

起泡  aeration

起霜  frosting

气味散失  losing of odor and flavor

欠水  processing drugs with water for a short time to avoid excessive absorption of moisture

强火  strong heating fire

抢水洗  quick washing with large volume of water

翘片  warped piece

切段  cut into segments

切块  cut into cubes or pieces

切片  cut into slices

切丝  cut into slivers

切碎  cut into pieces;  chop into pieces

切制  cutting

青黛拌衣  coating with Indigo Naturalis

青黛粉  Indigo Naturalis powder

清炒  stir-heating drugs without dressing

清蒸  simple steaming

秋石  processed urine deposit

曲  leaven

麯药  drugs prepared by fermentation

去白  remove the white inner surface of exocarp          

去柄  remove fruit stalk

去残肉  remove the fresh remained on animal bone or turtle shell

去侧根  remove the branch root

去翅  remove the wings

去刺  remove the thorn

去粗皮  scrap off the coarse layer of bark

去蒂  remove the persistent calyx and fruit stalk

去萼  remove the persistent calyx from stalk

去根  remove the root

去梗  remove leaf stalk

去骨塞  remove the bony core of horn

去核  remove the core from fruit

去核免滑  remove the core for avoiding sliding

去火毒  remove the irritating

去节  remove stem-node

去茎  remove the stem

去茎叶  exclude the stem and leaves of drugs

去劣  eliminate the inferior-matter

去鳞片  remove the scale or bud scale

去芦免吐  remove the residue of rhizome for avoiding vomit

去芦苗  remove the residue of basal leaf from root

去芦头  remove the residue of rhizome from root

去毛  remove the fur or down

去毛刺  remove the thorn from fruit shell

去毛丝  remove the silk thread of silkworm or filiform hair

去木心  remove the woody core of root

去皮  remove the skin

去皮刺  remove the prickle

去皮骨  remove the skin and skeleton( of snake)

去皮尖  remove the seed coat and radicle

去皮壳  remove peel or husk

去皮免损气  remove the down for avoiding tremendous loss

去皮膜  remove the muscular membrane of musk sac

去瓤  remove the pulp from berries

去穰  remove the flesh or pulp

去穰免胀  remove the flesh for avoiding distending

去头翅足  remove the head , elytra , wings and legs of beetle

去头尾  cut off the head and tail ( of snake )

去头足  remove the head and legs( of centipede )

去外壳  remove the outer skin

去外皮  remove the outer bark

去咸  decrease saltiness

去心  remove the plumule from lotus seed

去心免烦  remove the core for avoiding fidget

去腥臭  decrease the stinking smell

去须  remove fibrous root

去须根  remove the fibrous root

去须毛  remove the tassel

去油  remove the fat

去油制霜  remove seed-oil by pressing to make the residue as a frost-like powder

去杂  eliminate the foreign

去枝梗  discard useless twigs

 

R

热风干燥  drying with hot wind

热烘软化法  method for softening drugs by fire

热水泡  soaking in warm water

热蒸软化法  method for softening drugs by steaming

人工干燥  artificial drying

人乳  human milk

日晒夜露  being exposed in the open air day and night

绒毛  down

茸毛  fuzz

揉搓  kneading

揉韧  making (the drugs) tenacious by kneading

如法炮制  processing drugs under specified condition

乳钵  pestle

乳细  grinding into very fine powder

乳汁  milk

乳汁拌微炒  slightly stir-heating drugs with milk

乳汁浸  soaking with milk

乳汁制  processing with milk (usu. with human milk in the ancient time)

乳汁炙  stir-heating drugs with milk

乳汁滋润助生阴血  processing with milk for replenishing vital essence and blood

软化  softening

软化法  method of softening process

润镑  moistening drug and cutting it into pieces with Bang knife

润切法  cutting after moistening

润软  softening by moistening

润透  thorough moistening

 中医中药英语单词

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