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中药炮制类英语词汇

作者:中药炮制    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2009/9/14

A

暗煅  sealed pot calcination

熬 stir-heating

 

B

掰  breaking off with hands

白矾 Alumen

白矾制 processing with alum solution

白酒  liquor

败片  substandard slices

伴炒  stir-heat drugs with another drug in fine powder form

拌衣  coat the surface of drug with solid dressing

蚌粉  Clamshell powder

蚌粉制  processing with clamshell powder

镑刀  pangdao --- an old cutting instrument composed of a set of knives for cutting extremely thin slices

镑法  method for cutting drugs into very thin slices with a special knife “pangdao”

镑片  “pang” slices (see extremely thin slices)

焙  bake over a slow fire ;  cook by dry heat in an oven

鳖血  Soft-shelled turtle blood

鳖血制  processing with soft-shelled turtle blood

鳖血炙  stir-heating drugs with turtle blood

剥去果壳  strip the shuck

剥去果皮  strip the fruit outer layer

剥去壳  strip the shuck

薄片  thin slices

簸   fanning

不水火制法  processing without fire or water

 

C

燀  blanching;  scalding in water to remove the seed coat

长段  length of drug about 20 mm long

长流水 flowing water

敞口煅  calcining drugs in open air 

抄  blanching;  scalding in water to remove the seed coat

焯  blanching;  scalding in water to remove the seed coat

潮解  deliquescence

潮片  moist herbal pieces

潮气  moisture in the air

潮湿  moist

炒  stir-heating

炒爆  make the seeds crack by stir-heating

炒成珠  expand the drug pieces in to ball-shape by scalding

炒存性  nature of drugs partly preserved after stir-heating

炒断丝  stir-heat drugs till the gummy threads in the drugs are broken

炒法  stir-heating drugs in a caldron

炒黄  make light brown by stir-heating

炒焦  make brown by stir-heating

炒令烟尽 stir-head the drug till smoke disappeared

炒令烟起  stir-head the drug till the emitting of the smoke

炒去刺  remove the thorns by stir-heating

炒去油  get rid of oil or fat by stir-heating

炒熟  stir-heat the drugs till they are well done

炒炭存性  preserve the nature of the drug after carbonization by stir-heating

炒炭法  method for charcoal processing,  parching a drug into charcoal

炒炭止血  drug manifest more powerful effect of hemostasis after heating into charcoals in a pot 

炒香  stir-heat the drugs till they are fragrant 

炒以缓其性  decrease the original property of drugs by stir-heating

炒至带焦斑  stir-heat till the drug has some brown dots on the surface

炒至鼓起  stir-heat till the drugs are bulge

炒至老黄色  stir-heat till (the drugs) become dark yellow

炒至灵活  make solid adjuvants loose by stir-heating

闯  removing non-medicinal part such as hair or epidermis by collision of drugs with grit

迟火  slow fire

赤石脂  Halloysitum Rubrum

虫蛀  be damaged by worms

虫蛀的  moth-eaten or worm-eaten

除去外膜  exclude the outer membrane

穿刺法  method for examining the degree of softening by puncturing

串  grinding with roller

从制  processing a drug with the dressing that has the same or similar property and flavour so as to promote its original property, flavour and function

醋  rice vinegar

醋拌  mixing with rice vinegar

醋炒  stir-heating with rice vinegar

醋淬  tempering by dipping in rice vinegar

醋煅淬  calcining followed by quenching with rice vinegar

醋浸  soaking in rice vinegar

醋润  moistening with rice vinegar

醋研  grinding with rice vinegar

醋蒸  steaming drugs with rice vinegar

醋制  processing with rice vinegar

醋制入肝  processing with rice vinegar for leading the drug effect on liver

醋炙  stir-heating drugs with rice vinegar

醋煮  boiling in diluted rice vinegar

淬  temper by dipping in water , oil , etc

存性  nature of the drug partly preserved after carbonization

寸节  segments

锉  filing

锉法  filing

锉屑  filings;  file dust

 

D

大紧眼筛  mesh whose diameter is 2 mm

大中眼筛  mesh whose diameter is 6.6 mm

单炒  stir-heating drugs with no dressing

胆汁  bile

胆汁制  processing drugs with bile

刀圭  an old measuring tool for measurement of powder

倒簸  winnowing with a dustpan

捣  pounding

捣取汁  get juice by pounding

捣碎  pounding into pieces ; Stamp breaking

捣为沫  pulverize by pounding

捣作饼  pound the drugs into cakes

稻糠火  heat from burning rice chaff

稻米  rice

低温冷藏法  method for storing drugs at low temperature

滴水成珠  drugs shape themselves into ball when they fall into water, be shaped like a ball when falling into water

颠  separating drugs from foreign matters in a flat round bamboo container with vibration and  gravitational fore

掉边  falling off the appearance of cork

丁子  cubes of 1 cm

顶头片  slices cut in transverse section

抖  shaking

豆腐  bean curd

豆腐蒸  steaming with bean curd

豆腐制  processing with bean curd

豆腐煮  cooking with bean curd

嘟噜煅  calcining drugs in a covered refractory pottery jar

毒性  toxicity

肚片  stomach-shaped drug slices

短段  length of drugs less than 9 mm long            

段  segments

煅淬  calcining followed by quenching

煅法  calcining ;  calcination

煅飞  calcining the drug and grinding it with water

煅片  calcined drug slices

煅酥  calcining drugs until crispy

煅炭存性  nature of the drug partly preserved after carbonization by calcining

煅炭法  method for charcoal processing in a pot without air

煅者去坚性  decrease the tenacious property by calcining

煅至红透  calcine till (the drugs ) becomes thoroughly red

堆润  softening the drugs by stacking the washed or water-sprayed drugs with cover

炖  stewing

 

F

发汗  moisture transmitted to the surface of drug by piling up

发酵  fermentation

发霉  mold;  mildewed

发霉的  moldy

发泡  foaming;  foam rising

发芽  germination

发芽率  germination rate of seeds

翻动  stirring

矾水煮  boiling in vitriol solution

矾制  processing with vitriol

燔  broiling;  setting on fire

反制  processing a drug with the dressing that has different or opposite property and flavor so as to decrease its original property , flavor and function

泛油  rancid oil seeps to the surface of drugs

方块  cubes of 1~1.5 cm

放凉  be exposed in air for cooling

飞净 purifying drug by water grinding

沸水燀润法  method of moistening by putting (the drugs) in boiling water for a short time

沸水泡  soaking in boiling water

分档  grading

粉性  powdery

风干  air-dry

风化  efflorescence

风选  winning

蜂蜜  honey

逢子必炒  seed drugs be stir-heated before using

麩炒  stir-heating with bran

麩煨  cooking surrounded with bran

麩制抑酷性而和胃  drugs after processing with bran manifest less property of dryness and harmonize stomach with bran

伏龙肝  clay collected from the chamber of the Chinese cook-stove

伏润法  moistening under sealed-up condition

斧头片  axe-shaped drug slices

辅料  adjuvants used in crude drug processing

复润  softening the drug twice so as to moisten it thoroughly

复制法  complex processing method

富水  plenty of water needed for preparation of drugs

赋色  coloration;  colouring

 

G

改刀  reslicing the unqualified herbal pieces from place of production

改刀片  herbal pieces obtained by reslicing the unqualified herbal pieces from place of production

盖煅  calcining drugs in a covered container without sealing up

干馏法  dry distillation

干漆水  lacquer decoction

干漆水浸  soaking in lacquer decoction

干热法  dry heat processing

干燥  drying;  seasoning

甘草水  (water) decoction of Radix Glycyrrhizae

甘草水制  processing with decoction of Radix Glycyrrhizae

甘澜水  water with bubbles rolling on the surface ( water handled by repeatedly taken out of and pouring back to the container )

蛤粉  pulverized-clamshell

蛤粉炒  stir-heating with pulverized-clamshell

蛤粉烫  stir-heating with hot pulverized-clamshell

个治  slicing drug one after another

枸杞汤  decoction of Chinese wolfberry

枸杞汤浸  soaking in the decoction of Chinese wolfberry

骨牌片  dominos-shaped drug slices

固体辅料  kind of solid dressing under normal temperature

瓜子片  melon seed-shaped drug slices

刮去毛  remove fuzz by scraping

刮去青皮(竹)  scrap off the outer layer (of bamboo)

刮去外层粗皮  scrap off the outer scurf

刮削  scraping

挂须  appearance of having something like tassel on the surface

罐煅  calcining drugs in an earthenware jar

罐炖  be stewed in a china jar

罐蒸  steaming drugs in an jar

贵在适中  what really counts is properly processed

锅煅  calcining drugs in an iron cauldron

 

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中药炮制类英语词汇:https://www.ryedu.net/syy/hyyy/200909/14260.html
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