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主题:阅读理解New rules for Chinese society

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阅读理解New rules for Chinese society  发帖心情 Post By:2019/9/22 12:13:27 [只看该作者]

中国织密失信惩戒网, 黑名单上榜者将受到什么惩罚?

Honesty is important. Cultures all over the world value honesty and respect honest people. To build trust in society, individuals (个人) and companies in China who behave dishonestly will be punished, according to new rules.

In December 2018, 38 Chinese government departments signed more than 30 memorandums (备忘录) with each other. They agreed to share information about dishonest individuals and companies and punish them accordingly, Xinhua reported.

According to these memorandums, people who behave dishonestly will be put on a government blacklist. Such behaviors include refusing to follow court (法院) orders, avoiding paying taxes or debts (债务), disrupting (扰乱) public order, or threatening (威胁) and injuring medical staff. Other offenses, such as selling pirated (盗版的) books or using others’ trademarks (商标), will also put people on the blacklist.

People on the blacklist cannot buy certain items and services for 180 days, including plane and train tickets. Some will not be allowed to book high-end hotels or buy houses in China, China News Service noted.

People can check shixin.court.gov.cn for blacklisted individuals and creditchina.gov.cn for blacklisted companies. Electronic screens at shopping malls and train stations will also display information about blacklisted individuals and companies.

LeEco founder Jia Yueting, who failed to pay millions of yuan worth of debt, is on the blacklist. Sun He, a man who took a woman’s seat on a train on Aug 21, 2018, is on the list as well.

The blacklist is part of China’s national social credit (信用) system. The system will be fully implemented (实施) by the end of 2020. By then, every individual, company and organization in China will have an official credit score, Beijing Morning Post reported.

Under this system, honest companies and individuals will be rewarded, while dishonest ones will be punished. For example, in Shanghai, citizens with good social credit can get a “credit card” at the Shanghai Library and borrow books for free. Banks also check your score if you apply for a credit card. If you don’t pay your bills on time, your score drops and you cannot apply for loans (贷款) from banks for a certain period.TEENS

Scoring systems in other countries

Credit is part of nearly every society. But in other countries, credit is treated differently.

In the United Kingdom, the Disclosure and Barring Service stores citizens’ criminal (犯罪的) records. When people apply for (申请) jobs, employers can check their record.

In the United States, private agencies (机构) record people’s credit. These agencies are known as credit bureaus (信用局).

There are three major credit bureaus in the US. They collect people’s court and bank records and create new credit reports for them every 12 months. People who have poor credit will have a harder time getting bank loans and new phone numbers. TEENS

TAKE A TEST

Task 1:

Choose the answer:

1. What is the main idea of the first two paragraphs?

A. Chinese people value honesty and respect honest people.

B. The Chinese government wants to build trust in society.

C. The Chinese government has set new rules to punish dishonest behaviors.

D. Chinese people should behave honestly in order to get respect.

2. The story mentioned all of the following behaviors are on the blacklist EXCEPT _____.

A. avoid paying taxes or debts

B. selling pirated books

C. threatening elderly citizens

D. disrupting public order

3. How long will a person on the blacklist not be allowed to buy plane tickets?

A. Three months. B. Half a year.

C. Nine months. D. One year.

4. What can Shanghai citizens with good social credit do?

A. They can get a free car.

B. They can borrow books for free.

C. They can visit parks for free.

D. They can buy books for free.

Task 2:

根据中文提示完成下列句子。

1. 他们同意共享关于在线教育的信息。

They ________ ________ ________ information about online education.

2. 她很生气,拒绝回答那个问题。

She was so angry that she ________ ________ answer that question.

3. 如果你想减肥,就要避免吃甜食。

If you want to lose weight, you should ________ sweet foods.

4. 孩子们被允许在放学后看卡通片。

Kids are ________ ________ watch cartoon movies after school.

5. 我生活在期末考试不及格的担忧中。

I lived in a fear of ________ my final exam.


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