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荷兰语数字

作者:荷兰语    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2017/1/19

荷兰语数字Dutch Numbers/英语教学

Learning the Dutch Numbers is very important because its structure is used in every day conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Dutch language. But first we need to know what the role of Numbers is in the structure of the grammar in Dutch.

Dutch cardinal number convey the "how many" they're also known as "counting numbers," because they show quantity.
Grammar Tips:

In Dutch numbers from 1 to 20 are unique and therefore need to be memorized individually.

 

Numbers from 21 and upwards are formed by using the following pattern: for example 21 can be formed by using 1 + 20 while connecting them. In English we use for example “twenty-one”, in Dutch we reverse this by putting the units first, and by adding a “en” (and) between units and tens.

21 = eenentwintig,

22 = tweeëntwintig,  [notice the “ ¨ ” on the third “e“ – it’s put there for correct pronunciation)

23 = drieëntwintig,

24 = vierentwintig,

25 = vijfentwintig

 

Following this same pattern one can easily form all numbers upto one hundred.

 

30 = dertig

31 = eenendertig

32 = tweeëndertig

 

40 = veertig

50 = vijftig

60 = zestig

70 = zeventig

80 = tachtig   [81 = eenentachtig]

90 = negentig

 

100 = honderd


Here are some examples:
English Numbers Dutch Numbers
numbers telwoorden
one een
two twee
three drie
four vier
five vijf
six zes
seven zeven
eight acht
nine negen
ten tien
eleven elf
twelve twaalf
thirteen dertien
fourteen veertien
fifteen vijftien
sixteen zestien
seventeen zeventien
eighteen achttien
nineteen negentien
twenty twintig
hundred honderd
one thousand duizend
million miljoen

In Dutch one is spelled één to distinguish it from een the indefinite article in Dutch. Up to the numeral fourteen counting in Dutch is straight forward, for example eighteen is achttien (acht + tien) Numerals above the twenty like twenty-eight en is added between the separate numerals - achtentwintig . 11, 12, 13 and 14 ara not eentien but elf, tweetien but twaalf, drietien but dertien, viertien but veertien. The tens are counted bij putting –tig behind the numeral in question. Here again up to fifty th numerals change, so nat tweeting but twintig, not drietig but derti and not viertiig but veertig.

Notice the structure of the Numbers in Dutch.
List of Ordinal Numbers in Dutch

Dutch Ordinal numbers tell the order of things in a set: first, second, third, etc. Ordinal numbers do not show quantity. They only show rank or position. Below is a list of the Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers in Dutch. Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Dutch vocabulary.


English Numbers Dutch Numbers
Ordinal Numbers rangtelwoorden
first eerste
second tweede
third derde
fourth vierde
fifth vijfde
sixth zesde
seventh zevende
eighth achtste
ninth negende
tenth tiende
eleventh elfde
twelfth twaalfde
thirteenth dertiende
fourteenth veertiende
fifteenth vijftiende
sixteenth zestiende
seventeenth zeventiende
eighteenth achttiende
nineteenth negentiende
twentieth twintigste
 
once eenmaal
twice tweemaal

Cardinal Numbers and Ordinal Numbers have a very important role in Dutch. Once you're done with the Nederlands Numbers, you might want to check the rest of our Dutch lessons here: Learn Dutch. Don't forget to bookmark this page.

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荷兰语数字:https://www.ryedu.net/Article/qtl/201701/53942.html
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