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用同现法解答完形填空题

作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2018/10/5

完形填空题解题技巧用同现法解答完形填空题
分类:教育教学
作者:李进才
来源:高中生·天天向上

  场景同现
  场景同现指围绕某一话题场景出现具有共同倾向性的词汇。语篇场景千变万化,包罗万象,考生在答题时一定要抓住语言场景,综合考虑,排除干扰,才能得出正确答案。
  例1 In 1973 ,I was teaching elementary school. Each day,27 kids 41“The Thinking Laboratory”.
  41.A.built
  B.entered
  C.decorated
  D.ran
  解析:根据这两句话提供的场景(教学场景)可知,作者1973年正在教小学,每天学生们都要走进“思维实验室”。选项A和C与学生的身份不符合,选项D在与宾语的搭配上讲不通,即使在其后加上into,也不符合常识,故选B项。
  例2 Years ago,a critical event occurred in my life that would change it forever.I met Kurt Kampmeir of Success Motivation Incorporation for breakfast. While we were,36.Kurt asked me...
  36.A.working
  B.preparing
  C.thinking
  D.eating
  解析:根据前文(I met Kurt Kampmeir of SuccessMotivation Incorporation for breakfast)提供的就餐场景可知,36空应为就餐或吃饭,故选D项。
  例3
  The only hope was Balto,Kaasen's lead dog. Balto put his nose to the ground,__ 52 to find the smell of'other dogs that had traveled on the trail. If Balto failed.it would mean disaster for Nome.
  52.A.pretending
  B.trying
  C.asking
  D.learning
  解析:根據本句提供的雪橇犬寻路的场景可知,Balto应该是试图嗅出其他狗的气味,故选B项。
  例4 Just before September,Miller was struck bya car and lost his right arm.1 went to see him after hecame back from _24
  24.A.school
  B.vacation
  C.hospital
  D.training
  解析:根据前后句提供的场景(队友出车祸后看望)可知,“我”在他出院后去看望他,故选C项。
  修饰同现
  修饰同现指某些存在固定修饰关系的单词和短语共同出现在语篇当中。如在短语a populationof和anumber of中,修饰population和number,要用large或small,而不能用many或few。答题时,考生可根据中心词与修饰语之间这种常见的固定关系和具体语境来选择正确的答案。
  例5 When I was 50,my weight problem began toaffect me 19 I didn't want to live the rest of my life withthis extra weight any more.
  19.A.temporarily
  B.recently
  C. seriously
  D.secretly
  解析:affect通常与修饰语seriously,greatly和deeply连用,且根据语境和语意(我的肥胖问题严重地影响了我的健康),可知选C项。
  例 6
  Stepping out not only helped a brother in__59,it also gave my kids the sweet taste of'helping oth-ers. It'll go a long way with them.
  59.A.fear
  B.love
  C.need
  D.memory
  解析:help sb.in need是一个常见的表达,介词短语in need作后置定语,修饰动词短语help sb.中的宾语。根据上下文和本句语意“走出去不仅仅帮助了在危难中的兄弟,也让孩子们尝到了帮助别人的甜头”,可知选C项。
  例7 4l
  January 26,Billy and three other chil-dren had died.
  41.A.From
  B.On
  C.By
  D.After
  解析:从题干来看,谓语动词为过去完成时,引导时间状语的介词只能用by。因为在四个选项中,只有“by+过去时间”才能修饰过去完成时,所以选C项。
  结构同现
  结构同现指固定句型结构或成对出现的短语结构共同出现在语篇中。答题时,考生可根据固定句型结构或短语结构的某一部分来推知其整体。
  常考的固定句型结构有:
 (l)it is+过去分词+that…
  (2)it is+被强调部分+that…
  (3) so/such...that...如此……以致……
  (4)hardly/scarcely...when...一……就……
  (5) was /were about to do…when…正要做某事,突然……
  (6)was/were doing...when...正在做某事,突然……
  (7 )It strikes/occurs to/hits sb. that...某人突然想到……
  (8)祈使句+and+陈述句如果……,就会……
  常考的成对出现的短语结构有:
  (1) some...,others...( still others)有些人……有些人……(还有一些人)
  (2)on one hand...,on the other hand... 一方面……另一方面……
  (3) the former...,the latter...前者……后者……
  (4) not only...but also... /not just...but...不但……而且……
  例8 It 37 me that playing against the otherteam was a great learning moment for all the girls on theteam.I think it is a general principle. Experience is thebest teacher.
  37.A.confused
  B.struck
  C.reminded
  D.warned
  解析:考查“It strikes sb. that...”固定句型,故选B项。
  例9 The most valuable lesson I gained fromstudying in France wasn't just to respect the Frenchpeople____ 39 to respect all people,for your next bestfriend could be just a continent away.
  39.A.and
  B.but
  C.or
  D.so
  解析:考查“not just...but...”结构,根据句意“不但要尊重法国人,而且要尊重所有的人”可知,应选B项。
  例10 Well,relax and laughabout your mistakes 52 you're muchless likely to make them again.
  52.A.if
  B.and
  C.but
  D_before
  解析:本题考查“祈使句+and+陈述句”结构。句意为“如果你放松心态,自嘲自己的错误,你再次犯錯的可能性就会大大降低”。故选B项。
  值得一提的是,结构同现和修饰同现往往是一些相对固定的表达方式,在完形填空题中所占的比例相对较小。尽管如此,考生也不可忽略。
  black意为“黑色”或“黑暗的”。black out意为“熄灭灯火…‘停电…“昏厥”,也引申为“扣发”(文章)和“封锁”(新闻)。
  go black则是说人昏倒之时,眼前一片漆黑。
  日常生活中,黑色是不受欢迎的色彩,通常与“阴郁不快”“倒霉”“不吉利”等概念联系在一起。
  a black spot则指经常发生恶性交通事故的路口或路段。路标上常用醒目的黑体字写上Accidentblack spot,以提醒开车者小心开车。
  black还含有“毁坏”或“玷污”的意思。paint sb.black就是蓄意把某人说得一无是处,说某人坏。
  black sheep指的是损坏家庭声誉的败家子,或者是玷污团体荣誉的害群之马。

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用同现法解答完形填空题

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