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2018年常州中考英语试题

作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2018/8/26

常州市2018年中考英语试卷
(满分:90分   考试时间:100分钟)
一、单项选择(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
1. Time waits for no man. But some people won't realize the importance of time ________ it's gone.
 A.as   B. since  C. when    D. until
2. —Two tickets for Sunday,please!  —Sorry. There is ________ left.
 A. nothing   B. none  C. some    D. anything
3. —Your father has passed the driving test?
  —Yes. ______my father _______ my mother has.
 A. Not only; but also  B. Neither; nor C. Either; or  D. Both; and
4. —Hurry up, Jeff. Let’s cross the road as fast as possible.
  —No, you ________. Don’t you see the light is still red.
 A. couldn’t  B. wouldn’t   C. mustn’t   D. needn’t
5. Lights are out. The concert is to begin. The fans hold their breath for Jay Chou’s _______.
 A. influence   B. guidance   C. experience   D. appearance
6. —Manager, all the machines _______  just now!
   —What? Call the engineer at once.
 A. broke down  B. turned down  C. broke out  D. turned out
7. As an American, Tom is a big fan of Chinese kung fu. _______, he is crazy about Beijing Opera.
 A. Therefore   B. However    C. Moreover   D. Otherwise
8. —Can you describe ________?
  —Yes. I was walking when a bike knocked me down from behind.
 A. why did the accident happen    B. when did the accident happen
 C. how the accident happened    D. where the accident happened
9. —I _______ you here,but you didn't come.
  —I'm terribly sorry. I was so busy that I forgot.
 A. would expect B. was expecting  C. am expecting D. have expected
10. —Are you going to try out for the host of the English party?
   —__________? It is such a good chance to improve my spoken English.
 A. What's up  B. What's wrong  C. Why me  D. Why not
二、完形填空(共12小题;每小题1分,满分12分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
Mrs. Walker sat down at her desk and sighed (叹息). “OK. Tell me what happened.”
“Yesterday,” Winston began, ‘‘when I got home, I went straight to my room to do my homework. After I finished,I needed a(n)   11  . So I took out my bubble gum(泡泡糖)to   12  . Michael and I are having a competition to see who can blow the biggest bubble. ”
"That's right,” Michael said. “We are.”
‘‘I kept adding gum and my bubble kept growing. Soon it   13   my whole face.”
“What then?” asked Mrs. Walker.
“Then it happened. The bubble became as big as a beach ball.” He   14   his arms to show how big it was.
A few kids made faces—they didn't   15   him, but Winston ignored (不理睬) them and went on.
“Suddenly a strong wind took the bubble right out of my mouth! The bubble   16   over my desk and out of the window. As it sailed away, I noticed something yellow stuck to it. Like pepper. Then I noticed my   17   was missing.”
“So?” Mrs. Walker asked.
‘‘I ran after the bubble into Mrs. Roosevelt's garden. I saw her cat attack it. The bubble broke. All I saw then was the cat running away. Mrs. Roosevelt helped me search the   18  . But my homework was nowhere to be seen. ”
Mrs. Walker shook her head. “  19  ,Winston,why didn't you just tell me that the homework was too   20   instead of making up that wild story?”
Just then, the office worker walked in with a letter.
Winston opened the letter and took out the wrinkled homework paper and a note that said, “For Winston's teacher.”
I am sure Winston   21   to hand this in. He's a good boy, I have no idea how his homework got stuck to my cat, but I'm sure Winston can give you a(n)   22  .
                                                                  Mrs. Roosevelt
Mrs. Walker looked up. ‘‘It was all true!”
"Yes, madam,” Winston said quietly.    
11. A. award   B. rest   C. surprise  D. choice
12. A. practice  B. create   C. exercise  D. enjoy
13. A. cleaned  B. hurt   C. covered  D. hit
14. A. rounded  B. held   C. crossed  D. waved
15. A. hear   B. notice   C. remember  D. believe
16. A. floated   B. rode   C. climbed  D. stayed
17. A. bubble   B. book   C. homework  D. gum
18. A. room   B. cat   C. desk   D. garden
19. A. Generally  B. Honestly  C. Finally  D. Exactly
20. A. hard   B. different  C. common  D. interesting
21. A. refused  B. promised  C. managed  D. wanted
22. A. introduction B. explanation  C. suggestion  D. instruction
三、阅读理解(共13小题;每小题2分,满分26分)  
阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
A
Summer is finally here for most of us. Sadly, summer is not so pleasant to people in a bit less lucky places, where air conditioning (空调) is not easy to get for most of them.
But as a saying goes,where there is a will, there is a way,especially for those who like doing it yourself (DIY). A young man from Bangladesh (孟加拉国) designed an air conditioning System called the Eco Cooler,one that does not require power, and is made of the world's most common waste—plastic bottles.
The Eco Cooler is super simple to build—no special engineering skills are required. First,to fix it,a window should be taken away and replaced (替代) by it. Second,a board should be cut into the size of a window. Some bottle-neck sized holes should then be cut onto the board. Then, the funnel-shaped(漏斗状的) bottlenecks, cut from the plastic bottles,should be put into the holes. The next step is to fix the design onto the window frame (框) with the wider side facing outwards. And this is it.
The Eco Cooler then works by catching the winds and sending them inside the building. It can reduce the temperature of a room by as much as 5°C—a big difference when looking at comfortable 25°C compared to uncomfortable 30°C.
The idea of the inventor,Ashis Paul,was to show his great product to as many people as possible. For this purpose, he received help from some groups of volunteers. Together, they offered to help local people build and fix the units, as well as teach them how to make them themselves.
Yes, the Eco Cooler is not a super high-tech air conditioning system,but it is one that can make a big difference.
23. When building the Eco Cooler,we should pay special attention to
 A. the shape of the window   B. the direction of bottlenecks
 C. the temperature of the outside  D. the weight of the board
24. What can we learn from the passage?
 A. Ashis Paul is a clever inventor and a successful businessman.
 B. An Eco cooler can fix the room temperature to comfortable 25°C.
 C. The new invention of Eco Cooler is friendly to the environment.
 D. Local people will replace their air conditioner with an Eco Cooler.
25. What's the best title of this passage?
 A. DIY air conditioning made from plastic bottles
 B. Eco Cooler—a super high-tech air conditioner
 C. Why do we need an Eco Cooler in summer?
 D. A strong-willed inventor and his DIY dream
B
How to investigate
① Planning
★ Decide on a scientific problem to investigate
For example, a student named Mary has decided to research into how quickly sugar dissolves (溶解) in water.
★ Write down your hypothesis
You may already have an idea of what you expect to happen in your investigation. This idea is called your hypothesis. It may not be right! It is just an idea, though it may be based on work in science which you have done before. The aim of your investigation is to test your idea.
★ Decide what variables (变量) you are dealing with
Things like temperature, size, weight, and colour are called variables. Variables are things you can measure (测量).
In your investigation, you have to decide what the variables are,which ones you will keep fixed, and which you will change. You need to change just one variable at a time. If lots of variables change at once,it won't be a good test.
★Decide what equipment you need,and in what order you will do things
★Prepare tables for your results
②Getting your evidence(数据 https://www.99waiyu.com
★Make your measurements, and record your results
③ Reaching conclusions
★Look for patterns in your results
★Present your conclusions
What links (关联) did you find between any of the variables? How would you explain these links?
④ Checking your findings
★Compare your conclusions and hypothesis
Do your results support your idea?
26. What does the underlined word “hypothesis” most probably mean?
 A. reason   B. result   C. method  D. guess
27. In Mary's investigation, which of the following about the variables is true?
 A. She can only change one variable at a time.
 B. Some of the variables can't be measured.
 C. Her weight and age can be the variables.
 D. The temperature of water cannot be a variable.
28. What is the passage mainly about?
 A. How to do a scientific research.
 B. How to explain a scientific finding.
 C. How to deal with a chemistry problem.
 D. How to understand some chemistry knowledge.
C
We wake up very early to go to school,maybe even earlier to meet with a teacher, complete our extracurricular (课程以外的) activities,come home to have a quick dinner, talk for eight minutes with our parents and do homework until we fall asleep. But then we remember. We have to look at the American College Test (ACT) exercises one more time. Half asleep, we run downstairs to get the ACT book, and start studying. After this we finally get to turn off the lights and drift away to sleep. And then six hours later, we do it all over again.
In my health class,my teacher told us that teenagers need at least eight to nine hours of sleep each night. The sad truth is, with so much to do every day, high school students cannot keep to this sleep schedule(安排)?
Let me ask you all a question: Doesn't it seem more humane (人道的) to give a teenager perhaps two hours of homework each night? This would allow us to have the eight to nine hours of much needed sleep. Or does it seem better to pile students with five hours of work a night? It leaves us very little time to relax, therefore reducing the time that we can sleep.
In my opinion,the present structure (结构) of the junior year of high school doesn't work well. Junior year of high school is a time for growth. By this time many students have the ability to think creatively, and solve challenging problems. Homework is important for a student's growth. But do we really need to spend countless hours a night doing it? Too much homework can only lead to too little sleep and too low an ability. I do think it is time to change the structure, so that we sleep at home,and learn at school.
29. In the first paragraph the writer gives ________.【99外语】
 A. a picture of the present daily life of high school students
 B. an example of an ideal daily life of high school students
 C. a reason for high school students to live a busy daily school life
 D. a suggestion of what high school students should do to pass ACT
30. From the last paragraph we know that the writer thinks _________.
 A. junior year of high school is the most important growth period
 B. challenging problems are needed for a teenager's growth
 C. the ability to think has nothing to do with homework
 D. the present structure leads to students often sleeping in class
31. Why does the writer write this article?
 A. To prove the role of enough sleep in teenagers' growth.
 B. To complain about the problems in the system of the ACT.
 C. To ask for a change for less homework and more sleep.
 D. To discuss the relationship between sleep and homework.

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