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高中英语M5U3 Vocabulary

作者:日界线    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2017-9-10

高中英语M5U3 Vocabulary
1. on (the ) one hand … on the other hand (表转折对比的过渡词):but, however, yet, instead, on the contrary, although, different from, despite, in spite of, whereas, unlike, nevertheless, not only…but also
   He has been criticized on one hand and encouraged on the other hand.他一方面受到批评,另一方面却受到鼓励。
   On the one hand, she is honest. On the other hand, she often keeps things secret.
一方面她为人诚实,另一方面她又常常遮遮掩掩。
   On the one hand, of course, cars are very useful. But on the other hand, they cause a huge amount of pollution.
一方面,汽车非常有用;但另一方面,它们又制造大量污染。
2. toy with 戏弄,摆弄; 把……当作儿戏, 不太认真的考虑
   Don’t toy with great issues. 别把重大问题当儿戏。
   He toyed with the idea of going to China. 他没有太认真地考虑去中国的这个想法。
Will you share your toy with me ? 我能和你一起来分享你的玩具吗?
3.exact adj. 精确的,准确的 exactly adv.  to be exact 确切地说 to tell you the truth , to be frank(坦白地说), to begin with(首先), to make things worse(使事情更糟糕的是)
   I don't remember the exact words.我不记得确切的话了。
   Try to locate exactly where the smells are entering the room.设法确定气味是从哪里进入房间的。
To be exact, I'm responsible for quality control.确切地说,我负责质量检查。
To tell you the truth. I have no hobby. 实话告诉你,我没有什么爱好。
To make things worse, he left his key in the office. 更糟的是,他把钥匙丢在办公室里了。
4. cell n. 细胞,电池,小隔间
Those cells divide and give many other different types of cells.那些细胞分裂后形成许多其他不同类型的细胞。
A fuel cell is a device that combines hydrogen with oxygen to generate electricity.
燃料电池是一种将氢和氧混合起来以产生电力的设备。
    The prisoner was locked in a cell. 那囚犯被关在单人牢房内。
5. intention n. 意图,目的; 企图  intend vt. 打算, 想要   
be intended for =be designed for = be meant for    by intention 故意地= on purpose= by design
I intend to study abroad. 我打算出国留学。
That trap is intended for you.那个圈套是为你而设的。
   He hurt his friends feelings without intention.他无意间伤害了朋友的感情。
   We come here with the intention of leaning knowledge.我们是带着学习知识的目的来这里的。
   We don't know if it was done by accident or by design.我们不知道那是偶然的,还是故意的。
6. anxiety n. 忧虑,焦虑,不安anxious adj.焦急的,焦虑的;渴望的be anxious about /be anxious to do
I'm really anxious to see him. 我急于见他。
We're anxious for your safe return. 我们盼望你平安归来。
I could see that she was anxious for Laura to go.我看得出她巴望劳拉去。
7. adopt vt. 收养,领养; 采用,采纳 adoption n. adapt v. 适应(to), 改编adjust v. 适应(to), 调整
After much consideration, the president decided to adopt her suggestion. 总经理再三考虑之后,决定采纳她的建议。
Mr. Kern adopted the orphan as his own son. 克恩先生将那孤儿收养为自己的儿子。
I must adjust my watch, it's fast. 我的表快了,我得把它校准。
She must learn to adjust herself to English life. 她必须学会适应英国的生活。
Astronauts in flight must adjust to weightlessness.宇航员在飞行中得适应失重状态。
English books adapted for the rural children are on the shelves over there. 为农村孩子改写的英语书在那边的书架上.
He tried hard to adapt himself to the new conditions. 他努力使自己适应新的情况。
He has not yet adapted to the climate. 他还没适应这种气候。
8. push ahead with 义无反顾地进行,努力推进
We must push ahead with economic reform. 我们必须推进经济改革。
They pushd their way through the crowd to the front of the stage. 他们挤出人群到舞台的前面.
The old buildings were pushed over to enlarge the park. 旧楼被推翻用来扩大公园.
He pushed her to make a decision.他催促她做出决定。

9. physician n. 医生,内科医生  surgeon n. 外科医生  surgery n.外科手术  surgical adj. 外科的,外科手术的
10. consequence n. 结果,后果 consequently adv. 因此,必然地(accordingly/ therefore/thus/as a result /as a consequence )
Her lawyer said she understood the consequences of her actions and was prepared to go to jail.她的律师说她明白自己行为的后果并准备去坐牢。
Grandfather had broken his back while working in the mines. Consequently, he spent the rest of his life in a wheelchair.
爷爷在矿上做工时受了背伤,结果,他在轮椅上度过了他的余生。
11. on sale 出售,上市;廉价销售 for sale 待售   sale n. 销售 sales n. 销售量
The newspaper has sales of 1.72 million. 该报有172万份的销售量。
The first of the new computers may be on sale in the new year. 首批新电脑可能于明年上市销售。
A good shopper doesn't just buy things because they're on sale.善于购物的人不会仅仅因为商品减价出售就买。
Are these machines for sale? 这些机器是要卖的吗?
This is a showpiece, not for sale. 这是个样品,不出售。
12. transform vt. 使改变外观或性质(尤指向好的方向); 使改变形态 (change into/ turn into)
   transfer vi. vt. 转移, 转学, 转车, 调动,
The Greggs have transformed their garage into a guest house. 格雷格一家把他们的车库改成了客房。
At the port the goods were transferred onto a ship. 货物在港口被转移到一艘船上。
He has been transferred to anther branch. 他已经被调到了另外一个部门。
Her father transferred her to a better school. 她父亲把她转到了一所更好的学校。
You can take the subway and then transfer to a bus. 你可先乘地铁然后转乘公共汽车。
13. crime n. 罪,罪行  commit vt. 犯(罪,错); 把……交付给, 使承担责任  commitment n. 犯罪,托付,承诺
committed adj. 尽心尽力的, 坚定的,坚信的
A crime is an illegal action or activity for which a person can be punished by law. 罪行
I have never committed any crime.我从没有犯过任何罪。
I committed an error in handling the business. 我在处理这一业务时犯了一个错误。
There are unconfirmed reports he tried to commit suicide.有未经证实的报道说他曾企图自杀。
The child was committed to the nurse's care. 孩子被交给护士照顾。
He didn't commit himself to anything.他没有作任何承诺。
I felt I did not have to make such a commitment to them. 我觉得我没有必要对他们作出那样的承诺。
14. fellow n. 男人, 家伙(guy); 同事(colleague), 同类
15. profession n. (尤指受过良好教育或专门训练者的)职业(occupation/ career ),行业 professional adj./amateur n. adj.
She intends to make teaching her profession. 她打算以教书为业。
He is a bus driver by occupation. 他的职业是公车司机。
And now he could face one of the biggest challenges of his career. 目前,他则可能正面临着职业生涯中的最大挑战之一。
I had good professional knowledge, strong sense of service and the ability to work.
本人具有较强的专业知识,服务意识好,有较强的工作能力。
The pictures were taken by an amateur photographer. 这些照片是一位业余摄影师拍的。
Our actors were all enthusiastic amateurs. 我们的演员都是热情的业余爱好者。
16. nuclear radiation 核辐射 solar radiation 太阳辐射
17. breakthrough n. 突破break away (from)脱离break down 车坏了,人垮了, 会谈中断了break up 驱散, 学校放假, 关系破裂分手break in 闯入, 插嘴break into 闯入 break off 折断, 突然停止break out爆发 break through突破
The smooth space flight, experts say, marks a big breakthrough for Chinese scientists.
专家们说这次顺利的太空飞行,标志着中国科学家们的巨大突破。
Scientists hope to break _______ soon in their fight against heart disease. 科学家希望不久在治疗心脏病方面有新的突破。
She broke _______ and wept at the sad news. 她控制不住感情,为此噩耗而哭泣
Our school will break _______ tomorrow.我们学校明天放假。
When did the Gulf War break _______?海湾战争何时爆发的?
Can the flower that break _______still live again? 折断的花还能再活吗?
18. original adj. 原来的,起初的; 首创的; 非复制的 origin n. 起源, 出身originate vi 起源于(from)/stem from
The original plan was to go by bus.起初的计划是乘公交车去。
It is one of the most original works of imagination in the language.这是用这种语言创作的最具想像力的原创作品之一。
In On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin used vestigial organs as evidence forevolution, and their presence has helped define and shape our phylogenetic trees.在《物种起源》一书中,达尔文将退化的器官认定为进化的证据,它们的存在帮助我们定义和形成了人类的进化树。
The Industrial Revolution originated from the invention of the steam engine. 工业革命始于蒸汽机的发明。
19. judgement / judgment n. 判断, 判断力; 看法,评价;(法律) 判决judge vt. vi 判断,判决 n. 法官,裁判
I acted on my own judgement.我按自己的判断行事。
He showed good judgement in deciding not to invest in the project. 他决定不对那项工程投资,说明他的判断力很强。
We find it difficult to pass judgement on these paintings .我们感到很难评价这些画。
Judging from his look, he's a very serious person.从他的外表来看,他是一个严肃的人。
Considering his age, he did very well.从年龄考虑,他干得挺不错。
Seeing that he is ill, we'll do the work for him.由于他病了,我们来代他做这件工作。
You may go out provided / providing/ suppose/ supposing that you do your homework first.  只要你先做完功课,就可能出去。
Usually, I am sensible with money, given that I don't earn that much.我花钱通常是很明智的, 考虑到自己挣得不多.
20.be / get burnt out 耗尽体力,累垮
Paul is burnt out from years of overworking and stress. 保罗因长年的过度辛劳和压力而累垮了。
These farmers raised crops every other year in an area, so that the land might not be burnt out.
过去这些农夫在一个地方每隔一年种一茬庄稼,这样不致于把地力耗尽。
The hotel was completely burnt out; only the walls remained.整个饭店全烧毁了,只剩下墙。
He worried that she was being overworked, usually taking her home before the end of a party, so that she wouldn't be tired out. 她担心她过分劳累,所以,常常在聚会结束前就送她回家,以免把她累垮了。
My shoes were worn out after a long time trip. 经由长时刻的旅行,我的鞋已经破旧不堪了。
I'm worn out by all this hard work.  这些艰苦的工作使我疲惫不堪。
21. relation n. 关系,亲戚(relative)  public relations 公共关系  in /with relation to/ be related to/ relate to  和……相关
They are anxious to develop friendly relations with their neighboring countries. 他们急于同邻国发展友好关系。
The move was good public relations.这一举措是很好的公关工作。
He had no other near relations. 他没有其他近亲。
I have a lot to say in relation to that affair. 关于那件事,我有好多话要说。
To what events did your remarks relate? 你的话指的是什么事?
But depression can be related to stress, and there is ample evidence of this association.
不过,抑郁与压力之间也有关联,而且证据相当充份。
22. follow vt. vi. 跟随,沿着, 领会, 遵循, 如下following adj. 接着的 follow in one’s footsteps 效仿某人
My dog follows me to school. 我的狗跟着我去上学。
Follow this road to the bridge. 沿这条路一直走到桥边。
Do you follow me? 你听懂我的话了吗?
Follow my advice. 听我的劝告。
The results are as follows, ...  结果如下...
They were married in 1978 and had a daughter the following year.他们于一九七八年结婚,第二年就生了个女儿。
I understand that other countries have already begun trying to clone human beings, but this does not mean that we should follow in their footsteps.
_______(follow) the students, the teacher came into the classroom.
_______(follow) by the students, the teacher was the first to come into the classroom.
23. conduct vt. 实施,指挥乐队, 引导, 导电 conductor n. (公交车)售票员,(乐队)指挥 a bus conductor 一个公共汽车售票员 
He conducted the members of the audience to their seats.他引观众到他们的座位上。
They hired agents to conduct their affairs. 他们雇请代理人来处理他们的事务。
Mr. Green will conduct the orchestra. 格林先生将指挥这支管弦乐队。
Most metals conduct electricity.大多数金属能导电。
On a tram or a bus, the conductor is the person whose job is to sell tickets to the passengers. (公共汽车等的) 售票员
24.majority n. 多数,大多数  major n. 主修科目, 主修学生 adj. 主要的 vi. 主修 
He won by a majority of two: the vote was seven to five. 他以两票多数获胜:票数是七比五。
A recent survey shows that the majority of Chinese college students are optimistic about China's future. 最近一项调查显示大部分的中国大学生对中国的未来持乐观态度。
In Britain women are in the majority.在英国,妇女占多数。
What was your major at the university?  你在大学里主修的科目是什么?
I am a biology major. 我是主修生物的学生。
Major crops in these provinces are wheat, peanuts, corn, and soy beans.在这些省份主要的作物是小麦、花生、玉米和大豆类。
I major in literature.  我主修文学。
25. summary n. 总结; 概括,概要 summarize vt. 总结
He made a summary of the case. 他为这个案件做了一个摘要。
She summarized the aims of the new party in a couple of sentences.她用几句话概括了新党的目标。
In summary, I insist that you take the opinions of the people of the UK into consideration, and end this practice immediately. (in conclusion, in general, in a word, in short, all in all, in brief)
26. consideration n. 仔细考虑; 必须考虑的因素; 体谅,顾及 consider vi. vt. 考虑,认为 considerate adj. 体贴的,考虑周到的 considerable adj. 相当大的
Before writing your answers please give careful consideration to the questions.请在回答之前仔细考虑一下问题。
Price and quality are the two chief considerations. 价格和质量是两个必须考虑的因素。
He showed no consideration for his wife. 他不体谅他的妻子。
We're considering moving to Seattle. 我们考虑搬往西雅图。
Michael is considered an expert in computer science. 迈克尔被认为是位电脑专家。
Jean considered herself (to be) very lucky. 琼认为自己非常幸运。
He was considerate of/ to / towards everyone. 他对大家都很体贴。
He made a considerable sum of money in real estate. 他做房地产生意赚了相当大的一笔钱。
27. hunger n.   hungry adj.
28. tasty adj. 美味的,可口的(delicious, yummy)   taste vt.品尝 vi. 尝起来 n. 品尝,品味
If you say that food is tasty, you mean that it has a fairly strong and pleasant flavour which makes it good to eat. 味美的
Please have a taste of this pudding. 请尝尝这布丁。
He tasted both cakes and decided neither was good. 他两块蛋糕都尝了尝,觉得都不好吃。
He has never tasted defeat. 他从未尝过失败的滋味。
The medicine tastes bitter. 这药有苦味。
29. ordinary adj. 普通的,一般的 usual adj. 通常的 common adj. 普遍的,共同的,常见的
Shall we meet at the ______ time and place? 我们在老地方老时间见面好吗?
The novel describes the way of life of the ______ people there. 这部小说描写那里的普通人的生活方式。
Smith is a very ______ last name in England. 在英国史密斯是很常见的姓。
Surgery was scheduled, but life went on as usual.手术定好了时间,而生活照常继续。
He had very little in common with his sister.他和他姐姐几乎没有相同之处。
I judge it by common sense. 我靠常识判断。
This is a common practice for both men and women.这是男人和女人的共同做法.
30. reliable adj. 可信赖的,可依靠的 rely on 依靠,信赖
She was efficient and reliable.她既能干又可靠。
I know I can rely on you to sort it out. 我知道我可以信赖你来处理此事。
They relied heavily on the advice of their professional advisers.他们非常依赖专业顾问的建议。
31. accurate adj. 准确的  accuracy n.准确(性)
His information was accurate. 他的情报是准确的。
Convinced of the accuracy of the data, they stuck to their opinion. 由于深信数据准确无误,他们坚持自己的意见。
32. brief adj. 短时间的, 短暂的; 简洁的,简单的
Would you make a brief introduction about yourself?你可做一个简短的毛遂自荐吗?
The first chapter gives a brief description about the differences of these three kinds of words. 第一章对这三类词的区分作了简要说明。
In brief/ to be brief, Tom is a lazy boy.  简而言之,汤姆是个懒孩子。
Briefly speaking, if we attach much importance, this situation can be improved. 总而言之,如果我们更加重视,这种状况可以得到改善。
33. confirm vt. vi. 证实,证明;确认;使确信
I can confirm your opinion.  我可以证实你的想法。
Please reenter your password to confirm it is correct.  请再次输入密码,确认是否正确。
34. agriculture n. 农业  agricultural adj.        industry n. 工业, 行业, 勤奋  industrial adj.
35. channel n. 水道,航道,隧道 
The English Channel separates France from England. 英吉利海峡将法国与英国分开。
There are at present three television channels. 目前有三个电视频道。
36. favor n. vt. 赞同,支持;恩惠,帮助; 偏爱,偏袒 favorable adj. 赞成的,有利的
I sure favor your decision.  我当然赞成你的决定。
She's in favor of help on demand.   她赞成对有要求的人实行帮助。
You did me a great favor. 你帮了我一个大忙。
A mother shouldn't show too much favor to one of her children. 做母亲的不应过分偏爱某一个孩子。
The mother favored her eldest son. 母亲偏袒大儿子。
If your opinion or your reaction is favourable to something, you agree with it and approve of it. 赞成的
It's believed the conditions in which the elections are being held are too favourable to the government.人们认为正在进行选举的条件对政府过于有利。
37. point of view n. 观点
You cannot understand my point of view. I could not possibly adopt yours.你不能够了解我的观点。我也不可能采取你的观点。
From his point of view, the social difference between this man and this girl seemed great.
照他的观点看来,这样一个男子跟这样一个姑娘,社会地位似乎太悬殊了。
All this points to the same conclusion.所有这些都说明了同样的结论。
He pointed out the mistake to me. 他向我指出错误。
Babies can't talk, but they can point at things. 婴儿不会说话,但能指东西。
They were on the point of leaving when the phone rang. 他们正要离开,这时电话响了。
What's the point of talking about it?  谈论它有什么意义?
There is no point in arguing about it.  辩论这没有什么意义。
Tom, Let's get to the point! Where have you been last night? 汤姆,让我们言归正传,昨晚你上哪了?
I'm afraid what you're saying now is off the point.  恐怕你现在所说的有些离题。
38. catastrophe n. 大灾难, 灾祸 (disaster)   financial catastrophe   climate catastrophe
39. resource n. 资源(复数)
The exploitation of natural resources was prevented by the lack of technicians.自然资源的开发因缺少技术人员而受阻。
40. income n. 收入,收益
She lives within her income. 她过着量入为出的生活。
His wages are three hundred dollars a week. 他的工资为每周三百美元。
He finally got a job in a company paying good salaries. 他终于在一家薪水高的公司里找到一份工作。
She lived on a small pension. 她以一点退休金为生。
The child has a weekly allowance of five dollars. 这孩子每星期有五元零用钱。
She didn't have enough money for the bus fare.她的钱不够付车费。
I'm afraid I can't afford the doctor's fee. 恐怕我付不起给医生的酬金。
41. genetics n. 遗传学  gene n. 基因  genetic/ genetical adj. 基因的
42. modify vt. 调整,修改;修饰   genetically modified 转基因的
We have to modify our plan a little bit. 我们得对我们的计划稍加修改。
A noun sometimes modifies another noun. 一个名词有时候修饰另一个名词。
Genetically modified food (GMF) will bring great economical benefit to human being. 转基因食品将给人类带来巨大的经济利益。
43. profit n. 利润,收益  vi. vt. 获益,对…… 有用
He made a profit of fifty thousand US dollars on his house.他卖掉房子获利五万美元。
We gained a lot of profit from your advice.我们从你的建议中获益匪浅。
He learned to profit by his mistakes.他学会了从自己的错误中获益。
We profit from the work of the specialist. 我们从专家的工作中得到益处。
Telling lies won't profit you.撒谎对你无益。
44. chain n. 一系列,一连串(人或事); 链条  food chain 食物链
The traffic accident led to a chain of events. 交通事故引起了一连串的事件。
The dog was fastened to a post by a chain. 那条狗被链条拴在柱子上。
45. permission n. 准许,许可,批准 permit vt. vi. n.
You can't take photographs here without permission. 未经许可你们不能在此处拍照。
They permitted her to leave. 他们允许她离开。
I will come in June if my health permits. 如果健康许可的话,我六月份来。
Have you got a permit to fish in this lake? 你有在这个湖里钓鱼的许可证吗?

高中英语M5U3单词

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高中英语M5U3 Vocabulary
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