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高中英语M5U2 Vocabulary

作者:日界线    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2017-9-10
高中英语M5U2 Vocabulary
1.economy n. 经济, 经济体; 节约(UN) economic adj. 经济(上)的  economical adj. 节约的
   economics n. 经济学,经济状况 economist n. 经济学家
Zimbabwe boasts Africa's most industrialized economy.津巴布韦自夸有着非洲最为工业化的经济体制。
The Japanese economy grew at an annual rate of more than 10 percent.日本的经济以每年10%以上的速度增长。
The employees of the firm practised economy in doing everything. 该公司的雇员做任何事都厉行节约。
They bought an old house for economic reasons. 出于经济上的原因他们买了一所旧房子。
This car is economical to run because it doesn't use much fuel. 开这辆车省钱,因为它耗油不多。
She is studying economics at college. 她在大学里读经济学。
An economist is a person who studies, teaches, or writes about economics. 经济学家
2.consultant n. 顾问  consult vt. 商议(sb/ with sb about sth),咨询(sb.),查阅
She is a consultant to the government. 她是政府顾问。
Consult your doctor about how much exercise you should get.咨询你的医生你应做多少运动。
If a person or group of people consults with other people or consults them, or if two people or groups consult, they talk and exchange ideas and opinions about what they might decide to do. 商量
Consult your dictionary when you are unsure of your spelling. 当你不敢肯定拼写时,就查阅一下词典。
3. debate vi. n. 辩论,争论(argue/ discuss)
The teacher is debating with his students over/ about/on the topic.
What we are going to do next is under debate.
A fierce debate on the tax cut was going on. 一场围绕着减税的辩论正在激烈进行中。
4. open the floor 自由发言    open the floor for discussion 自由讨论
5. flow-flowed –flowed  vi. n. 流动     fly-flew-flown vt. vi.  飞
A stream flowed gently down into the valley.一条小溪缓缓地流进山谷。
She watched the frantic flow of cars and buses along the street.她注视着街道上川流不息的小车和巴士。
6. duty n. 责任,义务,本分on duty 值班,上班
7. cut back on the production 减少生产 cut short 中断,打断  cut down 削减 cut up 切碎cut off 切断cut in 插嘴cut out 剪下, 删去cut through 抄近路走过
To save money, we should cut ______ on our spending.
He tried to cut down on smoking but failed. 他试图少抽烟,但没成功。
Cut _______ the carrots before you put them into the pot. 把胡萝卜切碎后再放进锅内。
I was cut ______ on my line to London. 我打伦敦长途时,电话线被切断了。
Don't try to cut ______ while others are talking. 别人谈话时不要插嘴。
We came by cutting _______ the lanes. 我们是穿过小巷抄近路来的。
I cut _____ article from newspaper.我从报纸上剪文章。
   Let's cut _______ the unimportant details.让我们略去那些不重要的细节吧。
8. production n. 产量,生产  produce vt. 生产,制造,创作 n. 农产品 product n. 产品
That model won't go into production before late 2007.那种型号要到2007年底才会投入生产。
The factory produces 1,000 cars a week. 这家工厂每星期生产一千辆轿车。
We manage to get most of our produce in farmers' markets.我们设法在农贸市场弄到大部分我们需要的农产品。
Try to get the best product at the lowest price.尽力以最低的价格买到最好的产品。
9. responsibility n. 责任,职责 be responsible for 对……负责   take / assume/ bear/ accept responsibility for 承担责任
They recently claimed responsibility for killing at least 76 people in bomb attacks in Uganda.他们最近宣称对在乌干达炸弹袭击中杀害的至少76人负责。
He still felt responsible for her death.他依然觉得对她的死负有责任。
10. belief n. 相信,看法, 信仰   believe vt. vi. 相信, 信仰
My father hadn't much belief in doctors of traditional Chinese medicine. 我父亲不太相信中医。
It is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger, more prosperous economy.我们坚定的信念是卫生保健的改善会带来更加茁壮、繁荣的经济。
He did not believe in Howard's honesty. 他不相信霍华德为人真诚。
We believe Mr. Smith to be innocent. 我们认为史密斯先生是无辜的。
I believe he has come. 我想他已经到了。
11. environmental adj. 环境的 environment n. 环境    environmentally friendly resources 环保的能源      (natural resources)      environmental protection              environmental pollution  
12. operate vt. vi. 经营, 动手术, 运转, 起作用, 操作  operation n.  operate on =do/ perform an operation
   bring /put… into operation
The machine is not operating properly. 机器运转得不正常。
His company operates in several countries. 他的公司在几个国家有业务活动。
The medicine operated quickly. 这药很快起作用。
The surgeon operated on her for a tumor. 医生为她的肿瘤开刀。
Who operates that machine? 那台机器由谁操作?
The department store is well operated. 那家百货公司经营得法。
The law will be put into operation next month.这个法律下月开始生效。
We must bring the plan into operation .我们必须实施这个计划。
13. credit n.(U) 赞扬, 称赞, 认可;信用,信誉;学分
The credit for this invention goes to Mr. Lodge and his collaborators. 这项发明的荣誉/赞扬属于洛奇先生和他的合作者。
Our international credit is excellent. 我们的国际信誉极好。
Can I pay by credit card/cheque我能用信用卡/支票付款吗?
I did not give credit to her story. 我没有相信她的话。
Our music teacher will give us extra credit if we write a report on the performance.如果我们写一个表演的报告的话英语老师将会给我们额外的学分。
14. quantity n. 数量
A large quantity of books ______ left in the classroom.
A large quantity of water _____ left in the bottle.
Large quantities of water _______ left in the bottle.
A large amount of money _______ been donated to the university.
Large amounts of money ______ been donated to the university.
It’s a lot cheaper if you buy it in quantity(in large amounts).
15. be willing to do         be ready to do
16. raw material
17. run out of(vt.)=use up    run out(vi)=give out 用完, 耗尽   run across/ run into 偶遇  run after 追赶
After a long walk, we almost ran ______________ our energy. 长途跋涉之后,我们几乎耗尽了精力.
His salary often runs ______ before the end of the month. 他的薪水常常月底前就用完了.
I ran ______ an old friend in the street.
A dog is running _______ a rabbit.
18. arrival n. arrive vi.
19.clean up 打扫(或清除)干净,梳洗    clear up 清理,放晴, 澄清
She is cleaning up the kitchen now. 她现在正在打扫厨房。
We need to clean up the mess we made in the past.
Wait a minute. I'll have to clean up. 等一下,我要梳洗一下
Clear up the desk, will you?[ 请把书桌整理一下,好吗?
They met last night to clear up any lingering doubts. 他们昨晚会面,消除一切滞留的疑点。
It cleared up soon after the rain. 雨后天气迅速放晴。
We hope to clear the matter up quickly. 我们希望很快能把事情弄个水落石出。
20. arrest vt. n. 逮捕  
He was arrested on a charge of murder. 他因谋杀罪被捕。
The robber was shot dead resisting arrest. 强盗因拒捕而被击毙。
The criminal is under arrest. 罪犯已被捕。
21. illegally adv. 非法地  legal adj. 合法的
22. customs n. 关税, 海关(用作单数)   customs officer   customs house   custom n. 习惯,习俗
23.impress vt. 使印象深刻   impression n.
I was very impressed by his story. 他的故事深深打动了我。
My father impressed on me the importance of hard work. 我父亲要我牢记努力工作的重要性。
Our teacher impressed us with the importance of industry and economy. 老师要我们牢牢记住勤奋节俭的重要性。
The new teacher made a good impression on the students. 新教师给学生留下了一个好印象。
An impression of an object is a mark or outline that it has left after being pressed hard onto a surface. 压印
24. conflict vi.n. 冲突,抵触 border conflict    armed conflict
There is a conflict between what they are doing and what you want.他们在做的和你想要的之间存在冲突。
Try to keep any conflict between you and your ex-partner to a minimum.尽量把你和前合伙人之间的争执控制到最少。
The hours of the two meetings conflict.
Many people think that economic development and environmental protection conflict with each other. 这两个会议时间冲突。
25. queue vi.排队等候n.队,行列
We queued up for the bus. 我们排队等候公共汽车。
With the opening of the city’s Modern Art Museum, hundreds of people , many of whom were young people with teachers on class trips, queued up to be among the first to view modern paintings.
 Students dislike others jumping the queue in the dining hall.学生最讨厌别人在食堂里插队。
26. desertification n. 沙漠化 desert n.沙漠 vt. 抛弃,离弃 adj. 荒芜的
Nobody likes to live in that desert region. 没有人喜欢生活在那个沙漠地区。
The guard was punished for deserting his post. 卫兵因擅离职守而受到处罚。
All his friends have deserted him! 他所有的朋友都抛弃了他!
    I found myself standing alone on the deserted platform.我影只形单地站在无人的月台上。
27. decrease vi. vt. n. 减少( reduce/decline)  decrease to/ by     on the decrease     increase
Car sales are decreasing. 汽车销售量下跌。
These measures will help decrease the cost of production. 这些措施有助于降低生产成本。
Is your production on the decrease? 你们的产量在减少吗?
A similar situation occurred to social science and business which saw a decrease by70% and an increase by 85% respectively.  差不多的状况发生在社会科学与商务这两门课程上,两者分别出现了70%的下降和85%的增长。
The level of oxygen in our blood will actually decrease to levels that would be considered a medical emergency.  跟读
血液含氧量可能会下降到被认为需要紧急救护的水平。
28. drill vt. vi. 钻(孔), 打(眼) n.操练,训练
She had lots of drill in listening. 她在听力方面受过许多训练。
    They drill through several layer of rock to reach the oil .他们钻透了几层岩石以寻找石油。
The farmers drilled wells for water. 农民打井取水。
29. measure vt. vi. 测量; 估量,判定; 有……长(宽,高…) n. 措施,方法; 尺度
We measured the distance. 我们测量了距离。
She measured the stranger with her eyes. 她用双眼打量着那个陌生人。
The lake measures 130 by 80 kilometers. 这条湖长一百三十公里宽八十公里。
The government was urged to take measures to combat the spread of AIDS. 人们敦促政府采取措施以防止爱滋病的传播。
    I want the suit made to my own measure.我想要这套套装按我自己的尺寸做。
30. administration n. 管理,管理部门,施行,(美国)政府
The Bush Administration has announced a major shift in US military strategy.布什政府发表声明说美国的军事战略有所改变。
The administration of a big business requires skill in dealing with people.管理一个大企业需要与人相处的技巧。
Her work involved more than administration of first aid to the wounded. 她的工作不仅是对伤者的实施/施行急救。
31. pick up 捡起,搭载(接),接收(信号),偶然习得(买),加速,身体恢复
   pick out 挑选,分辨出    pick on 欺负
Let me pick ______ some good ones for you. 让我来替你挑几个好的。
It's easy to pick him _______ in a crowd because he is very tall. 很容易从人群中辨认出他,因为他个子很高。
Bullies pick ______ younger children. 恃强凌弱的家伙欺负更年幼的孩子。
Where did you pick ______ your English?你是在哪儿学得英语?
Industrial production is beginning to pick ______.工业生产正在开始好转。
32. flood n. 洪水,大批,大量 vt.  泛滥,淹没,大量涌入
More than 70 people were killed in the floods, caused when a dam burst. 大坝决堤引发的洪水灾吞噬了七十多人的生命。
He received a flood of grateful telegrams and letters. 他收到大量表示感谢的电报和信件。
The rice fields were flooded. 稻田被淹没了。
When the door was opened, the crowd flooded into the hall. 当门被打开的时候,人群涌入了大厅.
33. range n.范围,一系列,山脉 vi. (在一定范围内)变化;包括,排列,排序
A wide range of colours and patterns are available.一系列各种各样的颜色和图案都有。
The average age range is between 35 and 55.平均年龄范围是35至55岁。
This mountain range has many high peaks and deep canyons.这条山脉有许多高峰和深谷。
The temperature ranges between 30 and 40 degrees centigrade. 温度在摄氏三十度与四十度之间。
Tutorial rates range from zero to $20 per hour.  教程每小时费用从0到20美元不等。
The shabby houses used to range along the road. 过去这路边破败的房子排成行。
34. under way 进行中  under arrest     under debate   under construction
   on show/ display /exhibition
35. conservation n.  (对自然环境的)保护 conserve vt. 保护, 节省  conserve/ preserve the enviroment
Conservation is one way to make sure we have enough energy in the future. 对自然资源的保护是保证我们将来有足够的能源的一种办法。
In the process of mountain climbing, you should learn to conserve your strength.登山时,你应该学会节省体力。
We will do everything to preserve peace.我们将竭尽全力维护和平。
We need to preserve the forest.我们需要保护森林。
The construction workers accidentally dug out a dried and preserved dead body from underground.  建筑工人无意中从地下挖出一具尸蜡。
36. in / with regard to 关于,至于  give my best regards to …   be regarded as    regardless of
In regard to his suggestions we shall discuss them fully. 关于他的建议,我们将充分地讨论。
   I have nothing to say in regard to that subject.对那个问题,我没有什么要说的。
Please give my best regards to your parents. 请代我向您的双亲问好。
He is regarded as the best doctor in town. 他被公认为城里最好的医生。
It takes in anybody regardless of religion, colour, or creed.这个组织接纳任何人,不管其宗教、肤色或信仰。
37. appreciate vt. 欣赏,赞赏;感谢;领会  appreciation n.
Her talent for music was not appreciated. 她的音乐才能无人赏识。
They deeply appreciated his kindness. 他们对他的好意深表感谢。
I am afraid you have not appreciated the urgency of the matter. 恐怕你还没有意识到这件事的紧迫性。
I'd appreciate it if you could turn it down. 如果你能把音量关小一点的话,我会很感激。
Your appreciation for something that someone does for you is your gratitude for it. 感激
38. let alone 不打扰, 更不用说 = not to mention /much less  let down使失望   let in让进来   let off 排放, 放出, 宽恕   let out泄露
Many human activities let _______ carbon gasses.
All you do now is let ______ some firecrackers.你们现在干的就是放些鞭炮。
I'll let you ______ this time, but never again. 这次我宽恕你,但以后不再宽恕了。
Don't let ______ the plan to the press. 别把这计划泄露给新闻界。
Please open the window and let ______ some fresh air. 请打开窗透透新鲜空气。
She can't ride a bicycle, let ______ drive a car.她连自行车都不会骑,更别说开小汽车了。
   I don't even use the refrigerator, let ______ the microwave.我连冰箱都没用,更不用说是微波炉了。
Let her ______ when she is not happy.她不高兴时别去惹她。
Don't worry. I'll never let you _______. 别担心。我决不会让你失望的。
39. electric adj. 电的,电动的 electrical adj. 电的,用电的;与电有关的,电气科学的 electronic adj. 电子的,电子操纵的    electricity n. 电
electric/ electrical appliances 电器  an electrical engineer 一个电气工程师
electric/ electrical current  电流    electronic dictionary 电子辞典 electricity supply 电力供应
40. plant n. 工厂(factory), 发电厂
41. consume vt. 消耗, 耗费, 消费, 吃光,喝光 consumption n.    consumer n.
Some of the most efficient refrigerators consume 70 percent less electricity than traditional models.一些能效最高的冰箱比传统型号少消耗70%的电。
The kids soon consumed all the food on the table. 孩子们一会儿功夫便把桌上的食品全部吃光。
This food is for our consumption on the trip. 这些食物供我们旅途中吃。
There's too great a consumption of alcohol in Britain. 在英国酒的消耗量太大了。
A consumer is a person who buys things or uses services. 消费者
42. particular adj. 专指的, 特指的; 特别的; 讲究的,挑剔的
Her particular way of smiling left a good impression on me. 她特有的微笑给我留下了美好的印象。
She is particular about what she eats. 她过分讲究吃。
She stressed that point in particular. 她特别强调了那一点.
43. absorb vt. 吸收, 理解;使全神贯注(focus on , concentrate on, put our heart into )
Plants absorb carbon dioxide from the air and moisture from the soil.植物从空气中吸收二氧化碳,从泥土中吸收水分。
Too often he only absorbs half the information in the manual.通常,他对手册里的信息只是一知半解。
It seemed that I felt more tired today and I couldn't be absorbed in anything I planned to do. 今天感觉特别累,也不能专注于计划要做的任何事情。
44. do one’s part/bit 尽自己的职责
You need to do your part to help solve the problem of climate change.
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高中英语M5U2 Vocabulary
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