您现在的位置: 外语爱好者网站 >> 英语 >> 中学英语 >> 正文

高中英语语法主谓一致

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2017-9-9

高中英语语法主谓一致
主谓一致:即句中谓语动词的数必须与主语的人称和数取得一致。常见规则:
1. 谓动常用单数形式的情况,主语为:
1) 不可数名词、可数名词的单数形式;
2) 动词不定式、动名词、单个主从;
3) 书名、剧名、国名、组织机构等的复数名词;
The Arabian Nights is an interesting story-book.
4) 表示时间、距离、价格、度量等的复数名词作为整体;Thirty minutes is enough for the work.
5) 以ics结尾的学科名词:politics, physics, mathematics, economics(经济学), statistics等;
I think physics isn’t easy to study.
6) 用and连接两个单数名词,且被each, every, no,修饰, 如:every boy and every girl;
Each boy and each girl wants to serve the people in the future.
7) 由and连接两个名词,且属同一概念时;
Truth and honesty is the best policy.
8) 两个单数名词由and连接,前只有一个冠词,表示“兼”;
The poet and singer has come.
9) one of…, one in / out of…, the number of +复数名词;
10) 当定从的先行词为the (only) one of…;
11) 在强调句It is / was …that / who…中;
12) one and a half 后面接复数名词,谓语动词常用单数。
One and a half apples is left on the table.
13)主语中有more than one, many a + 名词单数时, 谓语动词为单数.
Many a ship has been damaged in the storm.     More than one student has seen the film.

 

2. 谓动常用复数形式的情况,主语为:
1) 复数名词;由and或both…and…连接两个名词
2) cattle, the police, people等
3) the + 形容词 / 分词,代表一类人或物
4) A number of…, numbers of…
5) Quantities of / Amounts of…


3. 谓动须根据主语具体情况而定:
1) all, most, some, half, part, rest, a lot of, plenty of, a quantity of, 百分比、分数等:指代可数名词,谓动用复数;指代不可数名词,则用单数。
The rest of the lecture is wonderful.       50% of the students in our class are girls.
2) 表示集体名称的名词audience, company(伙), band, crowd, club, class, group, family, public, team, population, party等:强调整体,谓词用单数;如指具体成员,则用复数。
Class Four is on the third floor.      Class Four are unable to agree upon a monitor.
The population in China is very large. And eighty percent of the population in China are farmers.
3) 单、复同形的名词,如sheep, fish, deer, means等,则根据其具体数而定。如:当every/a means作主语时,谓语动词用单数,而all means作主语时,谓语动词则用复数。
4) 在“先行词+定从”结构中,在从句中作主语,定从谓动在人称、数上与先行词保持一致。
He is one of my friends who are working hard.
5) 由what引导主从,谓动一般用单数,但若表语为复数形式,则谓动用复数。
What we need are dotors.       What we need is more time.
6) 由a kind of, this kind of, many kinds of ,或名词+ of this kind 等以及与kind 意思相近的type , sort 等构成的类似短语作主语时,谓语动词与of 前的名词保持一致。
This kind of book is worth buying.      Birds of this kind are rare now.
4. 就近原则:即谓动由靠近它的名词决定其单复数。主要用于下列结构中:
There / Here / Such + v. + n.       Not…but…; Not only…but also…    or; Either…or…; Neither…nor…
Is neither he nor they wholly right?     Either the teacher or the students are our friends. 
One or two friends are coming this evening.     
5. 就远原则:当along with, as well as, rather than, but, except, besides, with, together with, like, including, in addition to等连接两个名词时,谓动由前面的名词决定其单复数。
 Mr. Green, together with his wife and children, has come to China.

定语从句与名词性从句
高中英语语法:否定转移
主谓一致
主谓一致专项练习
中考英语复习:主谓一致

高中英语语法主谓一致
  • 上一篇文章:
  • 下一篇文章: 没有了