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Module10 Unit3知识点归纳

作者:殷华新    文章来源:泰州市第三高级中学    更新时间:2017-1-28
Module10 Unit3知识点归纳
 一、重点词汇
  1. abrupt a. 突然的,意外的;唐突无礼的
  His abrupt reply hurt our feelings. 他粗鲁的回答伤害了我们的感情。
  【拓展】
  abruptness n. 突然
  abruptly adv. 突然地,意外地
  The secretary abruptly left the conference room. 书记突然离开会议室。
  2. weep (wept, wept) vi. 哭泣, 流泪 n. 一阵哭泣
  Allow yourself to weep for things you have lost. 容许你为自己已经失去的事物而哭泣。
  She wept the loss of her mother. 她因为失去了妈妈而哭泣。
  【拓展】
  weep for / over... 为……而哭泣
  weep to see... 因为看到……而哭泣
  a weeping willow 枝条下垂的垂柳
  We had wept for / over the death of our parents. 我们为父母的离世而流泪。
  3. cure n. 药,药物;疗法;解决问题的措施,对策;疗程
  There is still no known cure for Aids but it can be treated. 艾滋病尚没有确切的治愈方法但可以医治。
  【拓展】
  v. 治愈,治好;去解决问题
  90 per cent of the patients can be cured of the disease. 这种病90%的病人能治好。
  I finally managed to cure the rattling noise in my car. 我最终设法解决了汽车发出的吱吱声。
  4. contrary adj. 相反的(常作定语)n. 相反(事物)
  His mother had given him contrary messages. 他母亲给他的消息正好相反。
  【拓展】
  by contraries 与预期的相反
  on the contrary 与此相反;正相反
  Many events in our lives go by contraries. 我们的生活中有不少事与愿违的事情。
  You werent boring me. On the contrary, youre interesting me frightfully. 你没有使我厌烦,正相反,你使我很感兴趣。
  5. familiar adj. 熟悉的,亲切友好的,亲密的
  He is a familiar friend of mine. 他是我的一个密友。
  【拓展】
  sb. be familiar with sth. 某人对某事熟悉
  sth. be familiar to sb. 某事对某人来说是熟悉的
  Most Chinese people are familiar with the four great inventions in ancient China. 大多数国人熟悉中国四大发明。
  These tales are familiar to Chinese children. 这些传说对于中国小孩而言是听惯了的。
  6. burst (burst, burst)
  1) n. 爆炸;爆破;爆裂
  a burst in a waterpipe 水管的破裂
  a burst of anger, enthusiasm, etc 怒火﹑热情等的迸发
  a burst of applause 一阵欢呼
  2) vi. & vt.(使某物)爆炸;胀破;爆破
  If you blow that balloon up any more, it will burst. 那气球再吹就要破了。
  【拓展】
  burst in (a room, etc.) 突然进入(房间等)
  The police burst in (through the door) and arrested the murderer. 警察突然闯进(房门)逮捕了那个凶手。
  burst into sth. 突然而猛烈地发出或产生出某事物
  The aircraft crashed and burst into flames. 飞机坠毁起火。
  burst into tears, song, angry speech 突然哭、唱、吵起来
  burst on / upon sb. / sth. 突然而意外地出现在某人(某物)面前
  The truth burst upon him. 他突然了解了真相。
  burst out
  (a) 突然激动地说;叫嚷
  “I hate you!” she burst out. “我讨厌你!” 她叫嚷道。
  (b) 突然开始(做某事)
  burst out crying / laughing / singing 突然哭起来(笑起来/唱起来)
  7. bid n. 出价;投标,招标;努力,企图 v. 叫牌
  Several companies will bid for the contract. 数家公司要投标争取合约。
  【拓展】
  in a bid to do sth. 为了做某事
  The company cut prices just before the holiday in a bid to support sales. 为了提高销量,这家公司在节假日前就降低了价格。
  8. messy adj. 散乱的;污秽的;麻烦的
  【拓展】
  mess n. 混乱;肮脏
  be in a mess 杂乱无章
  make a mess of 把……搞得一塌糊涂
  The manager left our company in a mess. 经理让公司非常混乱。
  You have made a mess of the job. 你把这件事办得一塌糊涂。
  9. appetite n. 食欲,胃口;嗜好;强烈欲望
  【拓展】
  have a good appetite 胃口好
  lose ones appetite 没有胃口
  have an appetite for 喜爱;渴望
  When I was ill I completely lost my appetite. 我生病时完全没有食欲。
  My sister has an appetite for American country music. 我妹妹喜欢美国乡村音乐。
  10. slide n. 降低,衰退;滑动 v. 降低,衰退;(使)滑动,滑行
  【拓展】
  slide 过去式 slid; 过去分词 slid
  slide into 逐渐陷入(恶习);衰落成
  The children are sliding on the ice. 孩子们在冰上滑行。
  Housing prices may begin to slide. 房价可能要开始下跌。
  Take heroin for example, users may slide into addiction. 以海洛因为例,吸食者可能会上瘾。
  二、重点词组
  1. devote himself to
  devote (oneself / ones life / time / money / energy) to (doing) sth. 把……献给……;把……用在……
  He devoted his whole life to working for the motherland. 他把毕生献给了祖国。
  【拓展】
  devoted adj.; devotedly adv.; devotion n.
  be devoted to (doing) sth. 专心致志于;忠于
  She is devoted to her studies. 她专心于她的学习。
  His devotion to the cause of education is wellknown. 他对教育事业的献身精神是众所周知的。
  2. provide... with...
  provide... with... 提供某人某物
  We should provide them with additional background. 我们应该给他们提供额外的背景资料。
  =We should provide additional background for them.
  【拓展】
  supply... with...
  offer sb. sth.
  The Red Cross supplies disaster victims with food and shelter. 红十字会为受灾的人提供食品和住处。
  The company offered him a promotion. 公司给他升了职。
  3. have access to
  have access to 得以接近;得以进入;得以使用
  Every student in our school has access to the library. 在我们学校每位学生都可利用图书馆。
  4. end in 以……告终
  The meeting ended in disorder. 会议在一片混乱中结束。
  【拓展】
  end up doing sth. 结果……,最终……
  end up with sth. 以……告终
  We were going to a concert, but end up watching videos at home. 我们原计划去听音乐会,但结果却在家看录像。
  She ended up her speech with a short poem. 她朗诵了一首短诗结束了她的演讲。 Module10 Unit3学习重点
Module10 Unit3练习题

Module10 Unit3知识点归纳
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