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中考交际用语考点复习指导

作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2011-5-11

2011中考英语交际用语的考点讲解和训练
近年来的中考试题中,对日常交际用语的考查比重越来越大。涉及到在各种情景下的问和答;涉及到英语国家的文化习俗;涉及到口语和书面表达。考查的形式有听力理解,有补全对话,有单项选择,有情景反应,有书面表达。
【名师精讲】
初中阶段要掌握的30个日常交际项目是:
1.问候  Greetings
a.Good morning/afternoon/evening.
Hello/Hi.
How are you?
b.Fine, thank you, And you?
Very well, thank you.
2.介绍  Introductions
a.This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Comrade….
b.How do you do?  英语交际用语
Nice/Glad to see/meet you.
c.My name is….
I’m a student/worker etc.(here).
3.告别  Farewells
a.I think it’s time for to leave now.
b.Goodbye! (Bye-bye! Bye!)
See you later/tomorrow. (See you.)
 Good night.
4.打电话  Making telephone calls
a.Hello! May I speak to …?
Is that… (speaking)?
b.Hold on, please.
He/She isn’t here right now.
Can I take a message for you?
c.I called to tell/ask you…
d.Goodbye.
5.感谢和应答  Thanks and responses
a.Thank you (very much).
Thanks a lot.
Many thanks.
Thanks for…
b.Not at all.
That’s all right.
You’re welcome.
6.祝愿,祝贺和应答  Good wishes, congratulations, responses
a.Good luck!
Best wishes to you.
Have a nice/good time.
Congratulations!
c.Thank you.
d.Happy New Year!
Merry Christmas!
Happy birthday to you.
e.The same to you.
7.意愿  Intentions
   I’m going to…
   I will...
   I’d like to…
   I want/hope to…
8.道歉和应答  Apologies and responses
a.I’m sorry. (Sorry.)
I’m sorry for/about…
Excuse me.
b.That’s all right.
It doesn’t matter.
That’s nothing.
9.遗憾和同情  Regrets and sympathy
What a pity!
I’m sorry to hear…
10.邀请和应答  Invitations and responses
a.Will you come to…?
Would you like to…?
b.Yes, I’d love to…
Yes, it’s very kind/nice of you.
c.I’d love to, but…
11.提供(帮助等)和应答  Offers and responses
a.Can I help you?
What can I do for you?
Here, take this/my…
Let me…for you.
Would you like some…?
b.Thanks. That would be nice/fine.
Thank you for your help.
Yes, please.
c.No, thanks/thank you.
That’s very kind of you, but…
12.请求允许和应答  Asking for permission and responses
a.May I…?
Can/Could I…?
b.Yes/Certainly.
Yes, do please.
Of course (you may).
That’s Ok/all right.
c.I’m sorry, but…
You’d better not.
13.表示同意和不同意  Expressing agreement and disagreement
a.Certainly/Sure/Of course.
Yes, please.
Yes, I think so.
b.That’s true/OK.
That’s a good idea.
I agree (with you).
c.No, I don’t think so.
I’m afraid not.
I really can’t agree with you.
14.表示肯定和不肯定  Expressing certainty and uncertainty
a.I’m sure.
I’m sure (that) …
b.I’m not sure.
I’m not sure whether/if…
c.Maybe/Perhaps
15.喜好和厌恶  Likes and dislikes
a.I like/love… (very much).
I like/love to…
b.I don’t like (to) …
I hate (to) …
16.谈论天气  Talking about the weather
a.What’s the weather like today?
How’s the weather in…?
b.It’s fine/cloudy/windy/rainy, etc.
It’s rather warm/cold/hot/etc. today, isn’t it?
17.购物  Shopping
a.What can I do for you?
May/Can I help you?
b.I want/I’d like…
How much is it?
That’s too much/expensive, I’m afraid.
That’s fine. I’ll take it.
Let me have…kilo/box, etc.
c.How many/much do you want?
What colour/size/kind do you want?
d.Do you have any other kind/size/colour,etc.?
18.问路和应答  Asking the way and responses
a.Excuse me. Where’s the men’s/ladies’ room?
Excuse me, can you tell me the way to…?
How can I get to…? I don’t know the way.
b.Go down this street.
Turn right/left at the first/second crossing.
It’s about …metres from here.
19.问时间或日期和应答  Asking the time or date and responses
a.What day is (it) today?
What’s the date today?
What time is it?
What’s the time, please?
b.It’s Monday/Tuesday, etc.
It’s January 10th.
It’s five o,clock/half past five/a quarter to five/five thirty, etc.
It’s time for…
20.请求  Requests
a.Can/Could you…for me?
Will/would you please…?
May I have…?
b.Please give/pass me…
Please wait (here/a moment).
Please wait for your turn.
Please stand in line/line up.
Please hurry.
c.Don’t rush/crowd.
No noise, please.
No smoking, please.
21.劝告和建议  Advice and suggestions
a.You’d better…
You should…
You need (to)…
b.Shall we…?
Let’s…
What /How about…?
22.禁止和警告  Prohibition and warnings
a.You can’t/mustn’t…
If you…, you’ll…
b.Take care !
Be careful !
Look out !
23.表示感情  Expressing certain emotions
a.喜悦  Pleasure, joy
I’m glad/pleased/happy to…
That’s nice.
That’s wonderful/great.
b.焦虑  Anxiety
What’s wrong?
What’s the matter (with you)?
I’m/He’s/She’s worried.
Oh, what shall I/we do?
c.惊奇  Surprise
Really?
Oh dear?
Is that so?
24.就餐  Taking meals
a.What would you like to have?
Would you like something to eat/drink?
b.I’d like…
Would you like some more…?
Help yourself to some…
c.Thank you. I’ve had enough/Just a little, please.
25.约会  Making appointments
a.Are you free this afternoon/evening?
How about tomorrow morning/afternoon/evening?
Shall we meet at 4: 30 at…?
b.Yes, that’s all right.
Yes, I’ll be free then.
c.No, I won’t be free then. But I’ll be free…
a. All right. See you then.
26.传递信息  Passing on a message
a.Will you please give this note/message to…?
b.asked me to give you this note.
c.Thanks for the message.
27.看病  Seeing the doctor
a.There’s something wrong with…
I’ve got a cough.
I feel terrible(bad).
I don’t feel well.
I’ve got a pain here.
This place hurts.
b.Take this medicine three times a day.
Drink plenty of water and have a good rest.
It’s nothing serious.
You’ll be right/well soon.
28.求救  Calling for help
a.Help!
b.What’s the matter?
29.语言困难  Language difficulties
   Pardon.
   Please say that again/more slowly.
   What do you mean by…?
   I’m sorry I can’t follow you.
   I’m sorry I know only a little English.
30.常见的标志和说明  Some common signs and instructions
BUSINESS HOURS      FRAGILE
OFFICE HOURS         THIS SIDE UP
OPEN                  MENU
CLOSED                NO SMOKING
PULL                   NO PARKING
PUSH                   NO PHOTOS
ON                     DANGER!
OFF                    PLAY
ENTRANCE             STOP
EXIT                    PAUSE
INSTRUCTIONS

 

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