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天干地支英文介绍

作者:外语爱好…    文章来源:本站原创    点击数:    更新时间:2010-12-31

天干是中国古代的一种文字计序符号。天干最晚在夏朝已经开始,明显的证据是夏朝后期有帝王叫做孔甲、胤甲。

Heavenly stems are a set of characters that were used to indicate order in ancient China. Heavenly stems were already in use during the Xia Dynasty at the latest, where the first heavenly stem 甲 was named after the emperor Kong Jia (孔甲) in the late Xia.

维基解释天干:The ten Celestial or Heavenly Stems (Chinese: 天干; pinyin: tiāngān) are the elements of an ancient Chinese cyclic character numeral system: Jia (甲), Yi (乙), Bing (丙), Ding (丁), Wu (戊), Ji (己), Geng (庚), Xin (辛), Ren (壬), Gui (癸). They were used for dates as early as the Shang Dynasty, and are now used with the twelve Earthly Branches in the Sexagenary cycle. They are associated with the concepts of yin and yang and the Five Elements.

天干
Heavenly Stems  中文Chinese  拼音Pinyin  英文English 
甲  Jiǎ  First 
乙  Yǐ  Second 
丙  Bǐng  Third 
丁  Dīng  Fourth 
戊  Wù  Fifth 
己  Jǐ  Sixth 
庚  Gēng  Seventh 
辛  Xīn  Eigth 
壬  Rén  Ninth 
癸  Guǐ  Tenth 

  但是正式将这十个符号命名为天干应该与地支有关:干为主干,支为分支,两个相对的命名应当是一起出现的。中国古代采用了一种类似拉链的干支组合,一边链齿是循环的天干,一边链齿是循环的地支,最终可以出现两者的最小公倍数即60个组合。

However, these ten symbols forming the heavenly stems should be used with the related earthly branches: the heavenly stems as the main trunk and the earth branches forming the branches. The ancient Chinese used a type of device like a zipper to combine the stems and branches. One one side the heavenly stems rotated and on the other the earthly brances rotated. Together they form a cycle with the least common multiple of 60.

地支
Earthly Branches  中文
Chinese  拼音Pinyin  英文English  12生肖
子  Zǐ  First 
丑  Chǒu  Second 
寅  Yín  Third 
卯  Mǎo  Fourth 
辰  Chén  Fifth 
巳  Sì  Sixth 
午  Wǔ  Seventh 
未  Wèi  Eigth 
申  Shēn  Ninth 
酉  Yǒu  Tenth 
戌  Xū  Eleventh 
亥  Hài  Twelfth 

Notes

1.天干地支的简体与繁体是一样的。
There is no difference between simplified and traditional characters for the heavenly stems and earthly branches.

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