您现在的位置: 外语爱好者网站 >> 英语 >> 英语教学 >> 正文

Spelling Rules In English

作者:马德    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2017-4-3

Spelling Rules In English
This page is dedicated to common spelling rules in English language. Many words sound alike but have completely different meanings when put into writing. The list below outlines some common spelling rules in English and will help you identify and then distinguish between some of the more common words that sound alike.

Please remember that this list of spelling rules in English is a guide to the more common spelling rules. If in doubt use a dictionary or a spell check, and don't feel embarrassed about getting someone to check over your work.

Spelling Rules to Remember
The Accept & Except Spelling Rule

    accept = verb meaning to receive or to agree:
    He accepted their proposal.
    except = preposition meaning all but, other than:
    Everyone was there except James.

The Affect & Effect Spelling Rule

    affect = verb meaning to influence:
    Will lack of practice affect your performance?
    effect = noun meaning result or consequence:
    Will lack of practice have an effect on your performance?
    effect = verb meaning to bring about, to accomplish:
    Our campaign has dramatically effected the outcome of the election.

A useful phrase to remember for the affect, effect spelling rule is:

RAVEN: Remember Affect is a Verb; Effect is a Noun
The Advise & Advice Spelling Rule

    advise = verb that means to recommend, suggest, or counsel:
    I advise you to watch out for that.
    advice = noun that means an opinion or recommendation about what could or should be done:
    Steve asked for my advice on the matter.

The Conscious & Conscience Spelling Rule

    conscious= adjective meaning awake, perceiving:
    When Chris received a head injury he became unconscious.
    conscience = noun meaning the sense of obligation to be good:
    Ever since we had that argument it has been on my conscience.

The Idea & Ideal Spelling Rule

    idea = noun meaning a thought, belief, or conception held in the mind, or a general notion or conception formed by generalization:
    Liam's surprise party was my idea.
    ideal = noun meaning something or someone that embodies perfection, or an ultimate object or endeavour:
    Mary and William were the ideal match.
    ideal = adjective meaning embodying an ultimate standard of excellence or perfection, or the best:
    Graham was the ideal student.

The Its & It's Spelling Rule

    its = possessive adjective (possessive form of the pronoun it):
    The car had a dent in its door.
    it's = contraction for it is or it has (in a verb phrase):
    It's going to be a lovely day.

The Lead & Led Spelling Rule

    lead = noun referring to a dense metallic element:
    I used a lead pencil.
    led = past-tense and past-participle form of the verb to lead, meaning to guide or direct:
    Sarah was led astray by her best friend.

The Than & Then Spelling Rule

    Than = used in comparison statements: Mike was better than Ryan.
    used in statements of preference: I would rather play golf than football.
    used to suggest quantities beyond a specified amount: The supermarket had more than the shop.
    Then = a time other than now: Kelly will start then.
    next in time, space, or order: First we will cook, then we will eat.
    suggesting a logical conclusion: If you study hard, then you will get good grades.

The Their, There & They're Spelling Rule

    Their = possessive pronoun:
    That is their house.
    There = that place:
    The fields are over there.
    They're = contraction for they are:
    They're going to be here very soon.

The To, Too & Two Spelling Rule

    To = preposition, or first part of the infinitive form of a verb:
    Ben went to the party.
    Too = very or also:
    Harry was there too.
    Two = the number 2:
    The next number after one is two.

The We're, Where & Were Spelling Rule

    We're = contraction for we are:
    We're happy to be here.
    Where = location:
    Where are you going?
    Were = a past tense form of the verb be:
    Fred and Kim were supposed to attend.

The Your & You're Spelling Rule

    Your = possessive pronoun:
    Your tie is very nice.
    You're = contraction for you are:
    You're being very unreasonable.

The I/E Spelling Rule

The I/E rule is one of the best known spelling rules that many people are taught from a young age. The common rhyme:

"Write I before E, Except after C"

can be somewhat misleading as this does not always lead to the correct spelling. Another addition to this popular rhyme is

"Or when it sounds like an A"

(e.g. "neighbour" and "weigh")

These rhymes are easy to remember and useful as rules for spelling in English as long as you remember the following exceptions:

seize, either, weird, height, foreign, leisure, conscience, counterfeit, forfeit, neither, science, species, sufficient
The ible & able Spelling Rule
ible  able
If the starting word is not already a complete word, then add "ible".

For example in constructing the word horrible the "horr" part is not already a word and so we need to add "ible".

horr + ible = horrible
Other examples:

    visible
    horrible
    terrible
    possible
    edible
    eligible
    incredible
    permissible

 If the starting word is a complete word then add "able".

accept + able = acceptable
Examples:

    fashionable
    laughable
    suitable
    dependable
    comfortable

If the starting word is a complete word ending in "e", drop the final "e" and add "able".

Examples:

    advisable
    desirable
    valuable
    debatable

As with many spelling rules in English there are some exceptions:

    contemptible
    digestible
    flexible
    responsible
    irritable
    inevitable

English is a stupid language

Spelling Rules In English
  • 上一篇文章:
  • 下一篇文章: