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英文阅读六经皆史

作者:佚名    文章来源:本站原创    更新时间:2018/5/4
英文阅读六经皆史
  The Six Confucian Classics Are All About History.
  这是古代学者提出的一个重要的学术思想命题,认为“六经”(《易》、《书》、《诗》、《礼》、《乐》、《春秋》)反映的是夏、商、周三代社会、政治等现实情况的历史文本,而不是圣人刻意留下的义理说教。系统阐发这一命题的代表人物是清代学者章学诚。这一命题动摇了儒家经典的神圣地位,标志着中国史学趋向自觉与独立。
  The Six Confucian Classics are The Book of Changes, The Book of History, The Book of Songs, The Book of Rites, The Book of Music, and The Spring and Autumn Annals. An important proposition put forward by scholars of late imperial China was that those are all historical
  texts. According to these scholars, the Six Classics are all concerned with the social and political realities of the Xia, Shang, and Zhou dynasties rather than the teachings left
  by ancient sages. Zhang Xuecheng of the Qing Dynasty was the representative scholar to systematically
  expound(阐述)this proposition. This view challenged the sacred status of the classics of Confucianism and marked a self-conscious and independent trend in Chinese historiography.
  引例 Citation:
  ◎学者崇奉六经,以谓圣人立言以垂教,不知三代盛时,各守专官之掌故,而非圣人有意作为文章也。(章学诚《文史通义·史释》)
  (学者推崇六经,认为圣人著书立说,是为了给后人留下垂示教训,却不知道那实际上是夏、商、周三代兴盛之时,各司其职的官员写下的制度和史实,而不是圣人有意撰写的典籍。)
  Scholars worship the Six Classics and say that they are the words of sages set down to teach later generations. They do not realize that the classics are the regulations and historical facts recorded by officials in the flourishing days of the three dynasties of Xia, Shang, and Zhou. They are not the writings of ancient sages. (Zhang Xuecheng: General Principles of Literature and History)
  聲一无听,物一无文
  A Single Note Does Not Compose a Melodious Tune, Nor Does a Single Color Make a Beautiful Pattern.
  单一声响不构成动听的旋律,单一颜色不构成美丽的花纹。其本质强调文学艺术的美在于多样性的统一与和谐,只有在多样性的统一与和谐中才能创造美。这一命题后来构成中国古代文艺理论的重要原则,推动文艺的繁荣与发展。
  This statement suggests that the beauty of literature and art lies in the unity and harmony of diverse elements. It became an important principle in ancient Chinese theories on literature and art, and facilitated the development of literature and art.
  引例 Citations:
  ◎声一无听,物一无文,味一无果,物一无讲。(《国语·郑语》)
  (单一声响不能构成动听的旋律,单一颜色不能构成美丽的花纹,单一味道不能成为美食,单一事物无法进行比较。)
  A single note does not compose a melodious tune; a single color does not form a beautiful pattern; a single flavor does not make a delicious meal; and a single thing has nothing to compare with. (Discourses on Governance of the States)
  ◎五色杂而成黼黻,五音比而成韶夏,五性发而为辞章,神理之数也。(刘勰《文心雕龙·情采》)
  (多种颜色的丝才能绣成美丽的花纹,多种声音配合成动听的音乐,多种情感抒写成美妙的辞章,这是自然之理呀!)
  It is natural that silk of different colors can be used to embroider(刺绣)a beautiful pattern, different notes to produce melodious music, and expressions of different feelings to present a fine work of literary art. (Liu Xie: The Literary Mind and the Carving of Dragons ) The Californian's tale
爱情与信赖
英文阅读:绿鸡蛋和火腿
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英文阅读六经皆史

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